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Student Number 984204016
Author Wen-yu Wu(吳文鈺)
Author's Email Address 984204016@cc.ncu.edu.tw
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 629 times. Download 183 times.
Department Graduate Institute of Industrial Economics
Year 2010
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title The Decisions of the Taiwan Labor Transform Their Work Status and Test the "Recession-push" Hypothesis.
Date of Defense 2011-06-21
Page Count 125
Keyword
  • entrepreneurship
  • self employment
  • the“recession-push” hypothesis
  • transition matrix
  • workstatus
  • Abstract The purpose of this study is to explore what is the factor of who transform their work status and to test the “recession-push" hypothesis. Use the Manpower Tracker survey data from 1999 to 2009, and then merge every two years have the same sample be a short-term mixed panal data. In this study, we built a number of probit models, and used the Maximum likelihood method to solve the endogenous problem of the "decision of one be a privately employed" when we estimated the probability of the private employed sector transit into self-employed sector.
    From the transition matrix, we found that some self-employments have the target to be the business owners, and business owners suppose the self-employed sector be their failure shelter. In addition, the study also found that more male than female have an incentive to turn to the business owner sector or self-employed sector, while women prefer the private employed.
    Based on the empirical results, we proved the "recession - pushing" hypothesis during the study period. The result means the excess of private employees will be pushed to self-employed sector in the recession period. In addition, we estimated the prosperity index whether have lag effect, and then found unwell self-employments will be unemployed after two years in the recession period. On the other hand, we found that business owners who transit from private employed sector have the wage premium effect.
    Table of Content 摘要i
    ABSTRACTii
    誌謝iii
    表目錄v
    圖目錄vi
    附錄目錄vii
    第一章 緒論1
    第一節 研究動機與目的1
    第二節 資料來源與分析方法5
    第三節 研究架構6
    第二章 文獻回顧7
    第一節 國外文獻7
    2.1.1 「不景氣-推擠」假說與從業身分的定義7
    2.1.2 檢驗景氣對工作轉換的影響8
    2.1.3 個人特性對工作身分轉換的影響11
    第二節 國內文獻15
    第三章 實證方法17
    第一節 研究假設17
    第二節 模型設定19
    第四章 資料來源與敘述統計24
    第一節 資料來源說明24
    第二節 解釋變數與敘述統計分析27
    第五章 實證分析與結果44
    第一節 衡量流動效果—轉置矩陣44
    第二節 自營作業者與雇主的流動估計52
    5.2.1 自營作業者與雇主的流動估計結果52
    5.2.2 考慮更多景氣變數以及失業率變動率落後期的估計結果59
    第三節 考慮內生性的估計結果77
    第四節 財務動機88
    第六章 結論與建議94
    第一節 結論94
    第二節 政策意涵與未來研究方向97
    參考文獻98
    附錄101
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    二、 國內文獻
    1.黃仁德,1994年,「台灣地區非勞動力、非正式部門就業與失業率關係的探討:1978~1990 年」,國立政治大學學報,第68期,頁201-222。
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    3.于若蓉, 2004年,「私人受雇者轉換自營作業工作決策「不景氣-推擠」效果假說」,台大經濟論文叢刊,頁63-96。
    Advisor
  • Meng-Wen Tsou(鄒孟文)
  • Files
  • 984204016.pdf
  • approve in 2 years
    Date of Submission 2011-07-02

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