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Student Number 983203076
Author Zhi-yong Wang(王智勇)
Author's Email Address No Public.
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 462 times. Download 11 times.
Department Mechanical Engineering
Year 2010
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title A Study Of The Maximum Power Point Tracking For PV Arrays
Date of Defense 2011-07-26
Page Count 87
Keyword
  • Boost converter
  • Incremental conductance
  • MPPT
  • Solar energy
  • Abstract In view of the rise of environmental awareness and shortage of fossil energy gradually and continuously rising prices, the use of renewable energy that is a trend. Solar energy is a renewable energy that is pollution-free, risk-free and in-finite. The thesis will be based on the voltage and current of the solar cell . Maximum power point tracking method using the incremental conductance me-thod to make the solar cells will always be able to maintain output at maximum power point mode of operation, so that to achieve the purpose in this study.
     The thesis is based on the digital signal processor dsPIC30f4011 for the control of the core. By measuring the output voltage and current of the solar cell, and through the incremental conductance method of calculation, And then con-trol the power transistor in the boost converter circuit to achieve the solar cell output will remain at maximum power point.
    Table of Content 摘要 i
    ABSTRACT ii
    致謝 iii
    目錄 iv
    圖目錄 viii
    表目錄 xii
    符號說明 xiii
    一、緒論 1
    1-1 研究背景 1
    1-2 研究動機 4
    1-3 文獻回顧 4
    1-4 論文架構 6
    二、太陽光電系統簡介 8
    2-1 前言 8
    2-2 太陽電池原理 8
    2-3 太陽電池種類 11
    2-3-1 矽系太陽電池 12
    2-3-1-1 單晶矽太陽電池 12 
    2-3-1-2 多晶矽太陽電池 13
    2-3-1-3 非晶矽太陽電池 15
    2-3-2 化合物太陽電池 17
    2-3-2-1 Ⅲ-Ⅴ族太陽電池 18
    2-3-2-1-1 砷化鎵太陽電池 18
    2-3-2-1-2 磷化銦太陽電池 19
    2-3-2-2 Ⅱ-Ⅵ族太陽電池 19
    2-3-2-3 銅銦硒或銅銦鎵硒系列太陽電池 20
    2-3-3 其他太陽電池 21
    2-4 太陽電池電氣特性 21
    三、實驗硬體設備 25
    3-1 硬體設備 25
    3-1-1 太陽電池 25
    3-1-2 太陽追蹤機構 29
    3-2 硬體電路設備 30
    3-2-1 數位訊號處理器 31
    3-2-2 電流擷取模組電路 33
    3-2-3 電壓擷取模組電路 34
    3-2-4 電晶體開關驅動電路 35
    3-2-5 升壓型直流/直流轉換器電路 36
    3-2-6 整體系統實際電路 51
    四、研究方法 53
    4-1 前言 53
    4-2 三點權位比較法 53
    4-3 短路電流法 54
    4-4 電壓迴授法 55
    4-5 功率回授法 56
    4-6 直線近似法 56
    4-7 擾動觀察法 57
    4-8 增量電導法 59
    4-9 本文所用之最大功率追蹤法 63
    五、模擬實驗及實際電路測試 64
    5-1 前言 64
    5-2 最大功率追蹤實驗模擬結果 64
    5-2-1 模擬架構 64
    5-2-2 實驗模擬結果 65
    5-3 最大功率追蹤實際實驗成果 73
    5-3-1 硬體實際架構及韌體架構 73
    5-3-2 太陽光電系統實測結果 75
    六、結論與未來展望 83
    6-1 結論 83
    6-2 未來展望. 83
    參考文獻 85
    Reference [1]中華民國98年能源統計手冊,經濟部能源局,民國99年5月。
    [2]2010年能源產業技術白皮書,經濟部能源局,民國99年4月。
    [3]Nicola Femia and Giovanni Petrone and Giovanni Spagnuolo and Massimo Vitelli,“Optimization of Perturb and Observe Maximum Power Point Tracking Method”,IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics,Volume:20,NO.4,pp.963–973,July 2005.
    [4]Hussein,K.H.and Muta,I. and Hoshino,T. and Osakada,M.,“Maximum photovoltaic power tracking: an algorithm for rapidly changing atmospheric conditions”,IEE Proceedings-Generation,Transmission and Distribution,Volume:142,NO.1, pp.59–64,January 1995.
    [5]王建斌,「風力發電系統最大功率追蹤方法之研究」,中原大學,碩士論文,民國九十四年。
    [6]Toshihiko Noguchi and Shigenori Togashi, and Ryo Nakamoto,“Short-current pulse-based maximum-power-point tracking method for multiple photovoltaic-and-converter module system”,IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics,Volume:49,NO.1,pp.217- 223,February 2002.
    [7]陳財福、陳裕愷、張健軒,太陽光電能供電與照明系統綜論,二版,全華科技圖書股份有限公司,台北市,民國九十六年。
    [8]O. Wasynczuk,“Dynamic Behavior of a Class of Photovoltaic Power Systems”,IEEE Trans.on Power Apparatus and System,Vol.PAS-102,NO.9,September 1983.
    [9]莊嘉琛,太陽能工程-太陽電池篇,初版,全華科技圖書股份有限公司,台北市,民國九十二年。
    [10]顧鴻濤,太陽能電池元件導論,初版,全威圖書有限公司,台北縣,民國九十七年。
    [11]林明獻,太陽電池技術入門,初版,全華圖書股份有限公司,台北縣,民國九十六年。
    [12]太陽電池工作原理圖取自:東君能源系統股份有限公司http://www.helius.com.tw/k.php?id=44
    [13]Villalva, M.G., and Gazoli, J.R., and Filho, E.R.,“Comprehensive Approach to Modeling and Simulation of Photovoltaic Arrays”,IEEE Trans. on Power Electronics, Volume:24,NO.5,pp.1198-1208, May 2009.
    [14]曾百由,dsPIC 數位訊號控制器原理與應用-MPLAB C30 開發實務,三版,宏友圖書開發股份有限公司,台北市,民國九十八年。
    [15]Robert W. Erickson,“DC-DC Power Converters”,Article in Wiley Encyclopedia of Electrical and Electronics Engineering.
    [16]鄭培璿,電力電子分析與模擬,三版,全華圖書股份有限公司,台北縣, 民國九十八年。
    [17]Yeong-Chau Kuo and Tsorng-Juu Liang and Jiann-Fuh Chen,“Novel Maximum-Power-Point-Tracking Controller for Photovoltaic Energy Conversion System”,IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics,Volume:48,NO.3,pp.594-601, JUNE 2001.
    [18]Safari,A.; Mekhilef, S.,“Simulation and Hardware Implementation of Incremental Conductance MPPT with Direct Control Method Using Cuk Converter”,IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics,Volume:58,Issue:4,pp.1154–1161,March 2010.
    Advisor
  • Pi-cheng Tung(董必正)
  • Files
  • 983203076.pdf
  • disapprove authorization
    Date of Submission 2011-08-08

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