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Student Number 982203008
Author Ciao-Wei Yang(楊巧薇)
Author's Email Address No Public.
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 329 times. Download 131 times.
Department Chemistry
Year 2010
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title Synthesis and Characterization of Metal Germanates Incorporating Organic Amine Ligands
Date of Defense 2011-06-24
Page Count 136
Keyword
  • hydrothermal
  • organic amine metal-germanate
  • porous materials
  • solvothermal
  • Abstract There are six novel compounds. The series A denotes organic amine metal-germanate, Zn2Ge4O10(NH2CH2CH2CH2NH2) (A1)、ZnGe2O5(NH2CH2CH2NH2) (A2)、β-In2Ge6O15(NH2CH2CH2NH2)2 (A3) and γ-In2Ge6O15(NH2CH2CH2NH2)2 (A4). The series B denotes zinc-organogermanate, ZnE2Ge2O3 (B1) and Zn2EGeO3 (B2). All structures are determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction, and the details of these structures are discussed. The purity of each compound was confirmed by thepowder X-ray diffraction analysis, and the properties of these compounds were further characterized by different instrumental measurements, such as element analysis, infrared spectra analysis, and thermogravimetric analysis.
      The A series were synthesized under solvothermal conditions by choosing different metals and organic amines to form organic amine metal-germanate. Compound A1 and A2 used organic animes as solvents, while compound A3 and A4 used 2-methylpentamethylenediamine as solvent. A1 strucutre is characterized by infinite chain formed of edge-sharing ZnO4N trigonal bipyramds and [Ge4O10] layers to form 3D framework. A2 strucutre is characterized by ZnO2N2 tetrahedra and [Ge2O5] chains to form 3D framework. A3 and A4 are polymorphs. Their strucutres are characterized by In2O6N4 dimers and germanates layers to form 3D framework.
      The B series were synthesized hydrothermal conditions by choosing zinc metal and organogermanate to form zinc-organogermanate. B1 structure is characterized by E goups linked to germanate layers and ZnO4 tetrahedra into 3D framework. B2 structure is characterized by E groups linked to mixed metal layers into 3D framework.
    Table of Content 謝誌i
    摘要ii
    Abstractiv
    目錄v
    圖目錄viii
    表目錄xii
    第一章 緒論1
    1-1簡介1
    1-2 論文研究動機9
    1-3 合成方式10
    1-3-1 水熱法10
    1-3-2 助熔劑長晶法14
    1-3-3 藥品一覽表16
    1-4 鑑定方法17
    1-4-1 儀器測量簡介17
    1-4-2 單晶X-ray繞射儀與解構分析17
    1-4-3 粉末X-ray繞射儀20
    1-4-4 元素分析21
    1-4-5 X-ray能量散佈分析(EDX)21
    1-4-6 熱重分析21
    1-4-7 紅外線光譜儀21
    1-5 研究成果與摘要23
    第二章 有機胺金屬鍺酸鹽化合物25
    2-1 簡介25
    2-2 實驗部分36
    2-2-1 合成36
    2-2-2 單晶X-ray結構解析38
    2-3 化合物鑑定41
    2-3-1 粉末X-ray繞射分析41
    2-3-2 X-ray能量散佈分析46
    2-3-3 元素分析46
    2-3-5 紅外光譜分析47
    2-3-5熱重分析51
    2-4 結構描述54
    2-4-1 Zn2Ge4O10(NH2CH2CH2CH2NH2) (A1) 之結構描述54
    2-4-2 ZnGe2O5(NH2CH2CH2NH2) (A2) 之結構描述58
    2-4-3 β-In2Ge6O15(NH2CH2CH2NH2)2 (A3)之結構描述61
    2-4-4 γ-In2Ge6O15(NH2CH2CH2NH2)2(A4)之結構描述64
    2-5 結果與討論67
    第三章 鋅金屬有機鍺酸鹽化合物69
    3-1 簡介69
    3-2 實驗部分72
    3-2-1 合成72
    3-2-2 單晶X-ray結構解析73
    3-3 化合物鑑定75
    3-3-1 粉末X-ray繞射分析75
    3-3-2 X-ray能量散佈分析76
    3-3-3 元素分析76
    3-3-5 紅外光譜分析76
    3-3-5熱重分析78
    3-3 結構描述81
    3-3-1 ZnE2Ge2O3 (B1)之結構描述81
    3-3-2 Zn2EGeO3 (B2) 之結構描述85
    3-4 結果與討論88
    第四章 總結90
    參考文獻93
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    Advisor
  • Kwang-Hwa Lii(李光華)
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    Date of Submission 2011-07-14

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