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Student Number 974204005
Author Allen K. Liao(廖埾佑)
Author's Email Address No Public.
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 1112 times. Download 415 times.
Department Graduate Institute of Industrial Economics
Year 2009
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title The Effect of Public-private Partnerships in R&D: A Case Study Base on US's Electrical Vehicle
Date of Defense 2010-06-28
Page Count 105
Keyword
  • BPEV
  • fuel cell
  • HEV
  • public-private partnership
  • R&D
  • zero emission
  • Abstract This research assesses the effectiveness of public-private cooperation, the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles (PNGV) program in improving fuel efficiency of automobile industry. The period examined is the decade of the 1990s, a period when Japanese and European automobile industry was booming and U.S. industrial competitiveness was a significant national concern. Laws enabled new forms of industrial cooperation such as R&D partnerships.
      The Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles, while in a class of its own for trying to develop supercars such as HEV, BPEV and FCEV, is confronted by numerous similar programs in Japanese and European. By no means is the PNGV the one answer to the new generation of vehicle puzzle. Programs such as Framework Programmes(EU) and New Sunshine Project(Japan) provide insight to where the United States stands in the competition, and possibilities for the program’s future.
      Although the United States government invest more money than any other countries, there is no evidence presented in the product from “THREE BIG”. Undoubtedly, it is a success in the sense that both US government and automakers are pleased. But how has it served the public? Has it be the best investment of government R&D funds and has it achieve the goal?
    Table of Content 摘 要I
    ABSTRACTII
    目錄IV
    圖目錄VI
    表目錄VII
    第一章 緒論1
    1-1 研究背景與動機1
    1-2 研究目的4
    第二章 文獻探討6
    2-1 NEW GENERATION OF VEHICLE6
    2-2電動汽車產業發展文獻8
    第三章 研究方法與範圍10
    3-1 研究方法10
    3-2 研究架構12
    3-3 研究範圍及限制13
    第四章 電動車概況15
    4-1 電動車概論15
    4-2 美國電動車發展概述21
    4-3 歐洲與日本電動車發展概述26
    4-4 歐洲電動車發展概況27
    4-5日本電動車發展概況35
    4-5 小結38
    第五章 政府與產業聯合計畫之效果—以電動車為例45
    5-1 美國-PNGV計畫45
    5-1.1成因47
    5-1.2目標與架構51
    5-1.3計畫表與系統運作模式53
    5-1.4技術研發與成果55
    5-2 歐洲-政府與產業對等之合作計畫56
    5-3 日本-政府與產業對等之合作計畫62
    5-4 再論PNGV68
    5-5 小結70
    第六章 台灣電動車發展74
    6-1台灣機汽車輛汙染排放概況74
    6-2台灣電動車輛發展組織結構75
    6-3台灣電動車輛發相關法規76
    6-4台灣電動車產業78
    6-4台灣電動車SWOT分析79
    6-5小結80
    第七章 結論與建議82
    7-1結論82
    7-2研究限制84
    7-3未來研究建議85
    參考文獻87
    附錄一 美國加州ZEV規範汽車廠商與零排放汽車91
    附錄二 EU減量責任分擔93
    附錄三 電動車與燃油汽車比較分析94
    Reference 英文文獻
    [1]C.E. Thomas,"Fuel cell and battery electric vehicles compared", journal of hydrogen energy, 2008
    [2]Chan, C.C. and Chau, “Modern Electric Vehicle Technology”, Oxford University Press, 2001
    [3]Chen, Belinda, Ethan Abeles, Andrew Burke, and Daniel Sperling,“ Effect of Emissions Regulation on Vehicle Attributes”, 2004
    [4]Cramer, D.R. and Taggart, D.F., “Design and Manufacture of an Affordable Advanced-composite Automotive Body Structure, Proceedings of the 19th International Battery, Hybrid, and Fuel Cell electric Vehicle”, Rocky Mountain Institute, 2002
    [5]Dyerson R, Pilkington A., “Innovation in complex systems: regulation and technology towards the electric vehicle”, Int J Innovation Mgmt, 2000
    [6]Edward Elger, “Environmental Federalism in the European Union and the United States”, 2005
    [7]Froud J, Haslam C, Johal S, Williams K. “Breaking the chains? A sector matrix for motoring”, Royal Holloway School of Management, 2001
    [8]Kawahara, “The Origin of Competitive Strength: Fifty Years of the Auto Industry in Japan and the U.S.”, Springer, New York,1998
    [9]Kempton, W., J.S. Boster, and J.A. Hartley,“Environmental Values in American Culture”, MIT Press, Cambridge, 1995
    [10]Well-to-Wheels Analysis of Advanced Vehicle Systems- EUCAR, EU, prepared by General Motors, EU Joint Research Center, Conawe, December 2003
    [11]Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC), "Battery-Powered Electric and Hybrid Electric Vehicle Projects to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions", 2002
    [12]Sperling, Daniel, “Gearing Up for Electric Cars”, Issues in Science and Technology, 1994
    [13]Ulrich JÜRGENS, ” Characteristics of the European Automotive System Is There a Distinctive European Approach?”, 2002
    [14]Yannick Lung,“Coordinating Competencies and Knowledge in the European Automobile System”, 2002
    [15]Zorpette, Glenn, “Waiting for the Supercar: Overly ambitious goals may have hurt the Partnership for a New Generation of Vehicles,” Scientific American, 1999
    中、日文文獻
    [16]財団法人-日本自動車研究所, 電気自動車キャラバン報告書,1984
    [17]財団法人-日本自動車研究所,電気自動車城市施行報告書,1992
    [18]財団法人-日本自動車研究所,電気自動車城市施行報告書,1996
    [19]財団法人-日本自動車研究所,燃料電池自動車に関する調査報告書,2004
    [20]おもちゃメーカーなのに タカラが電気自動車の キー・プレーヤーに,日経エレクトロニクス,2002年9月9號
    [21]H.K. Ma,「燃料電池技術」,臺灣大學機械工程系能源環境實驗室,2007/11
    [22]李堅明與利秀蘭,「歐盟後京都責任分擔與排放權核配規劃對台灣的啟示」,碳經濟,第九期,2-13頁,2008年5月
    [23]季達,「電動車和汽油車的 百年賽跑」,新紀元周刊,146期,2009年11月
    [24]劉文海,「日本電動汽車產業回顧與展望」,機械工業306期,,87-100頁,2008年9月
    網路文獻
    [25]行政院環保署網站http://www.epa.gov.tw/main/index.asp
    [26]財團法人車輛研究測試中心網http://www.artc.org.tw/index.asp
    [27]電動車輛產業網網站http://evs.org.tw/index.htm
    [28]行政院國家科學委員會電動機車學習網網站http://www.nsc.gov.tw/dept/acro/version01/battery/electric/index.html
    [29]國際能源總署(International Energy Agency, IEA) http://www.iea.org
    [30]IEK產業情報網 http://ieknet.itri.org.tw/
    [31]JARI計畫網站http://www.jari.org.jp/
    [32]“Investment Guide Baden-Württemberg”, Hhttp://www.bw-invest.de/eng/data/060303_Investment_Guide_B-W.pdf
    [33]“Japan’s Approach to Commercialization of Fuel Cell / Hydrogen Technology”, Hhttp://www.iea.org/work/2003/hydrogen-coIEA/AG4-1JAP.PDF
    [34]“JRC Activities Supporting The Hydrogen Economy”, European Communities, http://www/jrc.cec.eu.int
    [35]財団法人日本電動車両協会http://sociosys.mri.co.jp/ITS/member/policy/group/jeva.html
    [36]“Twenty Hydrogen Myths”, Amory B. Lovins, 17 February 2005, Hwww.rmi.org
    Advisor
  • Ming-Chung Chang(張明宗)
  • Kung Wang(王弓)
  • Files
  • 974204005.pdf
  • approve in 2 years
    Date of Submission 2010-08-23

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