Title page for 973310604


[Back to Results | New Search]

Student Number 973310604
Author Jorge M. Matute(¨ô«T½å)
Author's Email Address jmmatute2@gmail.com
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 919 times. Download 483 times.
Department International Master Program for Environment Sustainable Development
Year 2010
Semester 1
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language English
Title Study of Factors Affecting Social Participation towards Recycling in Guatemala City, Guatemala
Date of Defense 2010-10-28
Page Count 125
Keyword
  • personal and situational factors
  • recycling
  • social participation
  • waste separation
  • Abstract Guatemala City is the largest city in Central America reaching more than 1 million inhabitants with an increasing generation of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW), but as in many developing countries, its management still remains primitive and inefficient. High tech strategies have proven ineffective or have failed to deal with this problem, showing that the most suitable strategy to develop effective MSW management is Recycling, for this social participation is required and crucial to its success. The main purpose of this thesis is to assess the actual social participation and identify the most important factors that influence Guatemala City¡¦s population towards Source Separation of Waste (SSW). The factors assessed by this study were Socio-demographic, Psychological and Economical & Normative Factors and their relationship with Guatemala City citizen¡¦s actual waste separation attitude and willingness. Chi-square tests and Logistic Regression were used to analyze the information gathered by a face-to-face survey to the people above 15 years old chosen by a random size sampling method. The final total sample size was 446, with a final 4.5% error in the estimate.
    Results showed that only 30.5% of the sampled Guatemala City population is actually participating in SSW. It was found that age, gender and socio-economical status, in order of importance, are the socio-demographical factors showing more relationship or influence with the actual social participation in SSW. Psychological factors, as environmental concern, altruism and intrinsic satisfaction, prove to be the most important and influential reasons why people are participating in SSW with 76.1% of all respondents followed by Economical factors with only 18.5%. It was found that the grade of people¡¦s willingness to participate in SSW is between 92% and 96%, but the lack of incentives due to the lack of recycling programs, education and information about recycling and the lack of laws and regulations regarding MSW prove to be the main limiting variable. The results finally suggest that Guatemala City people has high willingness to participate in SSW, but it¡¦s imperative that local authorities and decision makers take this information into action and focus their efforts and resources into designing new agendas in which these flaws can be addressed integrally to develop more effective strategies for a sustainable integrated municipal solid waste management system in Guatemala City.
    Table of Content ºK­ni
    Abstractii
    Acknowledgementsiii
    List of Figuresvii
    List of Tablesviii
    Chapter 1 Introduction1
    1.1. Importance of this Study1
    1.2. Research Purpose2
    1.3. Research Scope3
    1.4. Research Difficulties and Limitations3
    Chapter 2 Conceptual Framework5
    2.1. Solid Waste Management, Integrated Solid Waste Management and Sustainable Development5
    2.2. Municipal Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries7
    2.2.1. Factors Affecting the Development of SWM Systems Developing Countries8
    2.2.1.1. Technical Constraints8
    2.2.1.2. Financial Constraints9
    2.2.1.3. Institutional Constraints10
    2.2.1.4. Economic Constraints10
    2.2.1.5. Social Constraints11
    2.2.2. Actual SWM Practices in Latin American Developing Countries11
    2.2.2.1. Collection and Transfer12
    2.2.2.2. Composting12
    2.2.2.3. Incineration13
    2.2.2.4. Landfilling13
    2.2.2.5. Recycling14
    2.3. The Importance of Social Participation in Recycling Programs15
    2.4. Factors Affecting Social Participation in Recycling Programs18
    2.4.1. Psychological Factors20
    2.4.2. Socio-demographic Factors21
    2.4.2.1. Age22
    2.4.2.2. Education22
    2.4.2.3. Gender23
    2.4.2.4. Income23
    2.4.3. Economical & Normative Factors (Incentives & Laws)24
    Chapter 3 Referential Background26
    3.1. Guatemala General Facts26
    3.1.1.Geography and Climate26
    3.1.2.Divisional and Political Organization26
    3.1.3.Demography, Education and Socio-Economical Facts 26
    3.1.4.Economy27
    3.2. Guatemala City General Facts28
    3.3. Guatemala City Municipal Solid Waste Overview29
    3.3.1. Guatemala City MSW Generation29
    3.3.2. Guatemala City MSW Composition29
    3.3.3. Guatemala City MSW Collection and Final Disposal30
    3.3.4. Waste Recovery and Recycle in Guatemala33
    3.3.4.1. Recovery and Recycle in Guatemala City35
    3.4. Political Status and Policies Concerning MSW in Guatemala37
    3.5. Guatemala City Solid Waste Management Modernization Program38
    Chapter 4 Methodology40
    4.1. Research Object and Framework40
    4.2. Research Procedure42
    4.3. Surveying Tools43
    4.3.1. Sampling Design43
    4.3.2. Questionnaire design44
    4.3.2.1. Personal Information Section45
    4.3.2.2. Actual Attitude Section46
    4.3.2.3. Scenarios Section46
    4.3.2.4. Reliability of the Instrument48
    4.4. Survey Implementation (Interviews)48
    4.5. Data coding and validation50
    4.6. Data Analysis54
    4.6.1. Descriptive Statistics54
    4.6.2. Pearson¡¦s Chi-square Test54
    4.6.3. Logistic Regression Model56
    Chapter 5 Results and Discussion58
    5.1. General Information and Survey Results58
    5.2. Social Participation in Source Separation of Waste (SSW) in Guatemala City60
    5.3. Analysis of Socio-demographic Factors and their Relationship with Social Participation in Source Separation of Waste62
    5.3.1. Descriptive Statistics63
    5.3.2. Pearson¡¦s Chi-square Test64
    5.3.3. Multivariate Analysis (Logistic Regression)66
    5.4. Analysis of Psychological and Economic & Normative Factors and their Relationship with Social Participation in Source Separation of Waste73
    5.5. Final Analysis and Discussion78
    Chapter 6 Conclusions82
    6.1. Conclusions82
    6.2. Recommendations84
    References85
    Appendix A88
    Appendix B90
    Appendix C92
    Appendix D96
    Reference Ancheta, Arlen A. Power and Claims-making in the Social Construction of Solid Waste in Metropolitan Manila. Ph.D. thesis, Faculty of the Graduate, University of the Phillippines Los Baños: Manila, Phillippines, 2005.
    Bagchi, Amalendu. Design of Landfills and Integrated Solid Waste Management. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons, 2004.
    Carranza, J. Evaluación del Transporte y Disposición Final de los Desechos Sólidos en los 331 Municipios de la República de Guatemala. Edited by USAC-INFOM-MARN. 2003.
    Cointreau-Levine, Sandra. Private Sector Participation in Municipal Solid Waste Services in Developing Countries. Vol. 1. Washington, D.C. U.S.A: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/ THE WORLD BANK, 1994.
    Daskalopoulos, E., Badr, O., Probert, D. Economic and Environmental Evaluations of Waste Teatment and Disposal Technologies for Municipal Solid Waste. Edited by Elsevier Science Ltd. Journal of Applied Energy 58, no. 4 (1997): 209-255.
    EAWAG, SANDEC. Global Waste Challenge, Situation in Developing Countries. Switzerland: CWG, Collaborative Working Group, 2008.
    Ekere, W., Mugisha, J., Drake, L. Factors influencing waste separation and utilization among households in the Lake Victoria crescent, Uganda. Edited by Elsevier. Journal of Waste Management 29 (2009): 3047-3051.
    El-Haggar, Salah. Sustainable Industrial Design and Waste Management. Cradle-to-Cradle for Sustainable Development. Edited by Elsevier. Cairo, Egypt: Academic Press, 2007.
    Finn, Katrina. A Study of the Housholds' Willigness to Contribute to an Improved SWM Program in Kratovo, Macedonia. Master Thesis: Michigan Technological University, U.S.A., 2007.
    Hisashi, Ogawa. Sustainable Waste Management in Developing Countries. Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia: WHO Western Pacific Regional Environmental Health Centre (EHC), 1996.
    IARNA. Perfil Ambiental de Guatemala 2006; tendencias y Reflexiones Sobre La Situación Ambiental. Guatemala: Universidad Rafael Landivar, Instituto de Incidencia Ambiental, 2006.
    INE. X Censo Nacional de Población y VI de Habitación 2002. Edited by Instituto Nacional de Estadístca. 2002. http://www.ine.gob.gt/index.php/demografia-y-poblacion/42-demografiaypoblacion/75-censo2002 (accessed 2010).
    JICA. The Study on Solid Waste Management in Metropolitan Area of Guatemala City (Final Report). Japan International Cooperation Agency -JICA- 2 (1991).
    Li, S. Recycling Behavior Under China's Social and Economic Transition: the case of Metropolitan Wuhan. Journal of Environment and Behavior 35, no. 6 (2003): 784-801.
    Lund, Herbert F., et al. The McGraw-Hill Recycling Handbook. 2nd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2001.
    Martin, M., Williams, I. D., Clark, M. Social, Cultural and Structural Influences on Household Waste Recycling: A Case Study. Edited by Elsevier. Journal of Resources Conservation & Recycling 48 (2006): 357-395.
    Martínez Lopez, J. F. La Situación de la Basura en la Ciudad de Guatemala. Edited by Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala. Centro de Estudios Urbanos y Regionales Boletín No. 30 (1996): 58.
    McGuinness, J., Jones, Allan P., Cole, Steven G. Attitudinal Correlated of Recycling Behavior. Edited by Journal of Applied Psycology. 62, no. 4 (1976): 376-384.
    Momoh, J. J., and Oladebeye, D.H. Assessment of Awareness, Attitude and Willingness of People to Participate in household Solid Waste Recycling Programme in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation 5, no. 1 (2010): 93-105.
    Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS) & Organización Panamericana de la Salud (OPS). Análisis Sectorial de Residuos Sólidos en Guatemala. 1995: 183.
    PROARCA. Reporte Nacional de Manejo de Residuos en Guatemala. Guatemala: USAID-P+L, 2004.
    Robinson, G., Read, A. Recycling behavior in a London Borough: Results from large-scale household surveys. Edited by Elsevier. Journal of Resources, Conservation and Recycling 45 (2005): 70-83.
    Rotich, K. Henry, Zhao, Yongsheng, Dong, Jun. Municipal Solid Waste Managemetn Challenges in Developing Countries: Kenyan Case Study. Edited by Elsevier. Journal of Waste Management 26 (2006): 92-100.
    Schultz, P. W., Oskamp, S., Mainieri, T. Who Recycles and When? A Review of Personal and Situation Factors. Edited by Academic Press Limited. Journal of Environmental Psychology 15 (1995): 105-121.
    Scott, D. and Willits, F.K. Environmental Attitude and Behavior. A Pennsilvania Survey. Journal of Environmental and Bahavior 26, no. 1 (1994): 239-260.
    SCS Engineers. Report of the Pump Test and Pre-feasibility. Vol. File No. 02200903.00. Guatelama City: United States Environmental Protection Agency, Lanfill Methane Outreach Porgram, 2005.
    Sidique, Shaufique F., Lupi, Frank, Joshi, Satish V. The Effects of Behavior and Attitudes on Drop-off Recycling Activities. Edited by Elsevier. Journal of Resources, Conservation and Recycling 54 (2010): 163-170.
    Tchobanoglous, G., Theisen, H., Vigil, S. A. Integrated Solid Waste Management: engineering principles and management issues. Singapore: McGraw-Hill, 1993.
    Troschinetz, A., Mihelcic, J. Sustainable Recycling of municipal solid waste in developing countries. Edited by Elsevier. Journal of Waste Management 29 (2009): 915-923.
    United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP). International Source Book on Environmentally Sound Technologies (ESTs) for Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSWM). International Environmental Technology Centre (IETC), 1996.
    United States Environmental Protection Agency, EPA. What is Integrated Solid Waste managemement?. Factsheet No. EPA530-F-02-026a, 2002: 6 pages.
    Visvanathan, C., Trankler, J. Municipal Solid Waste Management in Asia: A Comparative Analysis. Workshop on Sustainable Landfill Management, December 2003: 3-15.
    Webster, F. Determining The Characteristics of the Socially Concious consumer. Journal of Consumer Research, 1975: 2,188-1,196.
    World Bank. World Bank Development Indicators. 2009. http://ddp-ext.worldbank.org/ext/ddpreports/ViewSharedReport?&CF=&REPORT_ID=9147&REQUEST_TYPE=VIEWADVANCED (accessed December 2009).
    Zerbock, Olar. Urban Solid Waste Management: Waste REduction in Developing Nations. Michigan: School of Forest Resources & Environmental Science, Michigan Technological University, 2003.
    Zurbrügg, C., Schertenleib, R. Main Problems and Issues of Municipal Solid Waste Management in developing Countries with Emphasis on Problems Related to Disposal by landfill. Sweden: EAWAG/SANDEC, 1998.
    Advisor
  • Kuen-Sheng Wang(¤ýóË¥Í)
  • Files
  • 973310604.pdf
  • approve immediately
    Date of Submission 2010-11-08

    [Back to Results | New Search]


    Browse | Search All Available ETDs

    If you have dissertation-related questions, please contact with the NCU library extension service section.
    Our service phone is (03)422-7151 Ext. 57407,E-mail is also welcomed.