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Student Number 966202014
Author Jian-Nan Yang(楊健男)
Author's Email Address johnny_yogo@yahoo.com.tw
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 1207 times. Download 998 times.
Department Graduate Institute of Geophysics
Year 2009
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title Evaluation of CO2 storage capacity and storage sites in the Taoyuan Tableland
Date of Defense 2010-07-02
Page Count 88
Keyword
  • carbon dioxide
  • geological storage
  • storage capacity
  • storage site
  • Taoyuan Tableland
  • Abstract Geological features and transport characteristics for CO2-rich fluids in porous media are two major factors that must be carefully evaluated when selecting sites for CO2 geosequestration. We use well logs, reflection seismic data and simulation on CO2-rich fluid to assess and suitable sites for CO2 geologic storage in NW Taiwan.
    In Taoyuan Tableland and its adjacent offshore, Nanchuang Formation and Kueichulin Formation are good CO2 reservoirs as they contain multiple layers of high-porosity sandstones with their formation top lying slightly deeper than 1000 m. Those porous sandstones are capped by thick Chinshui Shale (around 100-150 m thick) of low permeability rocks that inhibit CO2 from leaking to surface. This area is characterized by a gently sloping (~1°) and SE-dipping surface with little faulting and seismicity. The most likely CO2 storage capacity in this region is around 4,900 megatons as estimated by Monte Carlo simulation.
    We use finite element method to simulate the transport characteristics for CO2-bearing fluid or plume in 3D after CO2 is injected in geologic media. Simulation results show that in the early stage, CO2 plume migrate upward due to buoyancy until it reaches the base of thick and the low-permeability shale (i.e. the Chinshui shale). The CO2 plume then migrates in a northwest direction opposite to its stratal dip direction and along the top of CO2 reservoirs (i.e. the Kueichulin Formation). The amount of dissolved carbon dioxide increases with increasing time, leading to a density increase for the formation brine with dissolved CO2. The heavier CO2-bearing brine will following sink to a deeper level, preventing CO2 from leaking to shallow subsurface or to the atmosphere. Our results indicate that the coastal zone along the Taoyuan Tableland is suitable for CO2 geologic storage in terms of geological criteria. The injected CO2 will migrate toward the Taiwan Strait in the west and along the deeper CO2 reservoir but not toward the onshore urban area in the east.
    Table of Content 摘要V
    ABSTRACTVII
    目錄IX
    圖目錄X
    表目錄XIII
    第一章前言1
    1.1研究動機1
    1.2地質封存之要素與封存型式2
    第二章地層與地質架構11
    2.1 研究區域地質簡介及區域適合性11
    2.2 地質資料蒐集與震測剖面處裡15
    2.3 研究結果18
    第三章二氧化碳地下傳輸特性與封存量估計方法29
    3.1二氧化碳基本性質29
    3.2二氧化碳傳輸模擬軟體FEHM介紹與原理31
    3.3二氧化碳封存量估計34
    第四章桃園台地鹽水層二氧化碳傳輸與二氧化碳封存量計算結果40
    4.1模擬結果40
    4.2二氧化碳溶解封存量估計43
    第五章結論69
    參考文獻71
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    Advisor
  • Andrew Tien-Shun Lin(林殿順)
  • Files
  • 966202014.pdf
  • approve immediately
    Date of Submission 2010-07-29

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