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Student Number 963302026
Author Jing-sin Su(蘇晶新)
Author's Email Address No Public.
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 587 times. Download 838 times.
Department Executive Master of Civil Engineering
Year 2010
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title Study of the system of providing and receiving international disaster relief in Taiwan.
Date of Defense 2011-07-15
Page Count 166
Keyword
  • International Rescue
  • International SAR Team Response Guidelines
  • International Search & Rescue Advisory Group (IN
  • Abstract During the disaster relief period of chi-chi earthquake in 1999, several of international rescue teams arrived at many disaster areas all around Taiwan to assist Taiwanese government and stranded victims. Those rescue teams brought humanitarian caring into full play and utilized excellent technology, which must not only bring the victims a lot of hopes, but also encourage exhausted national rescue teams. In addition, the global climate has constantly become extremely abnormal in the past few years. Therefore, irreparable lost of lives and property, and social instability occur because of disasters. If the level of calamity which is as massive as the radical rainfall caused by Typhoon Morakot becomes regular patterns, it will be too severe for any country to deal with alone. We must realize that to relieve disasters through the assistance of international rescue teams is really helpful to ease the damage of natural calamities and also get to shorten the recovery schedule. Thus, participating in the international disaster relief to commit to the international society and take the responsibility as a part of the global village has been an inevitable trend.
    Nowadays, the SAR teams in Taiwan attend humanitarian aid projects actively in accordance with the diplomatic policies. The tasks demanded by effected countries and the International SAR organization were mostly completed. However, during the relieving process, not only many operating standards of international SAR teams are worthy to learn, but also appeared some defects to be improved. In addition, in retracing the chi-chi earthquake and the typhoon, the international SAR teams or the local government in affected areas must realize that the earlier the rescue plan has been completed, the earlier the work can be processed, which can decrease the damage of natural disasters, effectively utilize the golden SAR time, 72 hours, avoid the waste of rescue gears, and get to shorten the recovery schedule.
    The purpose of this study is to collect related information in the international searching and rescuing standards, to review the performances of previous supporting and executing international disaster relieving cases, and also to bring up critical advices and improvement schemes in systems of both providing support to other countries and receiving assistances from other countries.
    Table of Content 摘要I
    ABSTRACTII
    誌謝III
    目錄IV
    表目錄VI
    圖目錄VII
    第一章 緒論1
    1-1研究動機與目的2
    1-2研究方法3
    1-3研究架構及步驟4
    1-4 研究目標與預期成果6
    第二章 文獻回顧7
    2-1聯合國國際搜救組織7
    2-2美國國際搜救組織27
    2-3 日本國際搜救組織39
    2-4 新加坡國際搜救組織45
    2-5 我國國際搜救組織52
    2-6 我國搜救犬現況與未來發展55
    2-7 小結60
    第三章 各國執行國際人道救援任務案例61
    3-1各國救援他國案例61
    3-1-1聯合國人道事務協調處支援土耳其地震狀況61
    3-1-3國際非政府組織與我國政府在國際人道救援事務之夥伴關係-以紅十字會為例80
    3-2九二一大地震國際救援隊來台協助救援紀實87
    3-2-1美國救援隊來台協助救援紀實87
    3-2-2日本救援隊來台協助救援紀實91
    3-2-3新加坡救援隊來台協助救援紀實95
    3-3我國執行國際人道救援任務案例97
    3-3-1我國執行印尼地震國際人道救援任務案例97
    3-3-2我國執行薩爾瓦多地震國際人道救援任務案例102
    3-3-3我國執行伊朗地震國際人道救援任務案例106
    3-3-4臺北市國際搜救隊執行四川地震國際人道救援任務案例113
    3-3-5 我國執行海地太子港市地震國際人道救援案例115
    3-3-6 我國執行紐西蘭基督城地震國際人道救援案例118
    3-4 小結120
    第四章 我國參與國際救災支援及接受國際救災支援之機制123
    4-1我國參與國際救災支援之機制123
    4-1-1我國參與國際救災支援之角色123
    4-1-2我國參與國際救災支援之相關作業單位124
    4-1-3我國參與國際救災支援之責任127
    4-1-4我國參與國際救災支援之流程128
    4-2我國接受國際救災支援之機制131
    4-2-1我國接受國際救災支援之角色131
    4-2-2我國接受國際救災支援之相關作業單位133
    4-2-3我國接受國際救災支援之責任137
    4-2-4聯合國災害現場協調作業中心與我國中央災害應變中心及地方災害應變中心之分工機制138
    4-2-5 莫拉克颱風八八水災國外來臺救援情形140
    4-3小結143
    第五章 結論與建議145
    5-1我國參與國際救災支援機制之檢討與建議145
    5-2 我國接受國際救災支援機制之檢討與建議149
    參考文獻154
    Reference [1]熊光華,<921集集大地震「美國國際開發署」(USAID)所屬「都市搜救特遣隊」(US&R Task Force)來臺協助救災實錄>,桃園:中央警察大學消防系,1999年9月。
    [2]鄭錦峰,「我國執行印尼震災國際人道救援工作紀實」,2000。
    [3]陳勝照,「執行薩爾瓦多國際人道救援任務工作報告」,2001年3月。
    [4]內政部消防署,「內政部消防署特種搜救隊工作簡報」,民國2002年7月。
    [5]熊光華,「國際搜救團隊救災機制之調查研究」,2002年12月內政部消防署印。
    [6]黃德清,「我國搜救組織之調查研究」,碩士論文,2003。
    [7]邱文豐,「接受國際災害救援機制之研究」,行政院災害防救委員會委託研究,2004。
    [8]行政院災害防救委員會2008年9月17日函頒「國際救災支援配合注意事項」。
    [9]劉俐吟,「國際非政府組織與我國政府在人道救援事務夥伴關係之研究-以紅十字會為例」-2008。
    [10]中華民國紅十字會總會網站: http://web.redcross.org.tw/ ,2011。
    [11]INSARAG , The proceeding of International Search & Rescue Response System, Dec,pp.8-11,1999,Stuttgart German.
    [12]International Search and Rescue Response System, SAR Team Response Guideline,p.9,1999.
    [13]FEMA Urban Search and Rescue (US&R) Incident Support Team (IST) – Operations Manual, January, 2000.。
    [14]FEMA Federal Response Plan – Base Plan, April,1999.
    [15]FEMA Urban Search and Rescue System – Operational Manual, January,2000.
    [16]INSARAG External Classification-Reclassification Guidelines, 2011.
    [17]日本消防廳,所頒發之修改命令消防政第179號「緊急消防援助隊要綱について」,1995年(平成7年)10月30日。
    [18]日本消防廳,所頒發「緊急消防援助隊運用聯絡會議設置處要綱」,1996年(平成8年)2月20日。
    [19]日本消防廳,所頒發之修改命令消防政第179號「緊急消防援助隊調整擔當的指定について」,1996年(平成8年)4月12日。
    Advisor
  • Jhih-ping Tang(唐治平)
  • Wei-sen Li(李維森)
  • Files
  • 963302026.pdf
  • approve immediately
    Date of Submission 2011-07-26

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