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Student Number 963203071
Author Chen Kai-Wei(陳凱唯)
Author's Email Address No Public.
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 1216 times. Download 0 times.
Department Mechanical Engineering
Year 2008
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title Study on the Effects of Drunk Driving on Driving Performance And Physiological State By Driving Simulator
Date of Defense 2009-06-22
Page Count 119
Keyword
  • driving performance
  • driving safety
  • Driving simulator
  • drunk driving
  • physiological functioning
  • Abstract In Taiwan, drunk driving is regarded a severe societal problem in large measure because of the very large number of victims it produces each year. Because the breakdown and absorption of alcohol seriously damages the vehicular operation, we comprehend the importance of the drink driving detection device, which can help reduce the occurrence of drunk-related accidents. We have utilized a Driving Simulator to determine the influence of blood alcohol concentration (BAC) on the driver performance and physiological functioning in the present study. As a result, the relationship between drunk driving and driving performance has been investigated, and the criteria to identify drunk driving by driving performance, established.
    We conducted all the research with the device Driving Simulator decided by stimulating real- driving situations.Kai Wei according to Taiwan’s legal limit of alcohol (0、0.15、0.25、0.55 mg/l), we, in this study, have done 84 experimentation of stimulating drunk driving, having obtained and analyzed these statistics containing NASA-TLX, physiological state, driving effects and so on. 
    In this study, higher breath alcohol concentration would cause lower Oxygen concentration, higher average heart rate and slightly lower blood pressure. At the same time, we investigated the changes of driving in a high-load environment are more than ones of driving in a low-load environment. Importantly, because BAC had great influence on five driving effects including standard deviation of the depth of the accelerator, of the speed, of the vertical acceleration, of the steering wheel angle and of the lateral acceleration, without doubt, it plays a control factor in the Blood Alcohol Tests.
    All in all, our study has defined the basic functionality of major driving effects that can be a significant factor on the design of Breathalyzers to detect alcohol. After all, considering a strict legislation to correct improper drunk drinking, we must go on obtaining detailed statistics to strengthen the standards of Blood Alcohol Tests.
    Table of Content 總目 錄iv
    圖 目 錄vi
    第一章 緒論1
    1.1研究背景與動機1
    1.2研究目的與重要性6
    1.3研究流程7
    1.4論文架構8
    第二章 文獻回顧9
    2.1各國在駕駛模擬儀的發展與應用研究9
    2.2酒精對駕駛行為的影響22
    2.3國內外酒駕處罰法規28
    2.4酒駕偵測技術之相關研究30
    第三章 研究方法36
    3.1實驗設計36
    3.2實驗對象37
    3.3實驗設備40
    3.4場景劇本44
    3.5實驗流程48
    3.6飲酒量之計算50
    3.7資料收集與分析52
    第四章 酒駕對於生理狀態及駕駛績效之影響54
    4.1受試者個人基本資料分析54
    4.2 NASA-TLX主觀負荷分析58
    4.3生理狀態分析59
    4.3.1 血氧濃度59
    4.3.2 心率63
    4.3.3 血壓65
    4.3.4 生理狀態之變異數分析68
    4.4駕駛績效分析72
    4.4.1 油門深度(Throttle Control)72
    4.4.2 車速(Longitudinal Velocity)75
    4.4.3 縱向加速度(Longitudinal Acceleration)77
    4.4.4 方向盤角度(Steering Wheel Angle)79
    4.4.5 車道偏移(Departure of Lateral Lane Position)81
    4.4.6 橫向加速度(Lateral Acceleration)83
    4.4.7 駕駛績效之變異數分析85
    第五章 結論與未來發展建議90
    5.1結論90
    5.2未來發展建議91
    附錄A酒駕研究須知及同意書98
    附錄B受試者基本資料表99
    附錄C NASA-TLX主觀評量問卷100
    附錄D駕駛人酒後生理協調平衡檢測105
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    Advisor
  • Jiun-ren Hwang(黃俊仁)
  • Files
  • 963203071.pdf
  • disapprove authorization
    Date of Submission 2009-07-21

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