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Student Number 961205601
Author Abraham Wiliam(席玄遠)
Author's Email Address abwiliam@gmail.com
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 1907 times. Download 491 times.
Department Graduate Institute of History
Year 2009
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language English
Title Modern Reform of Indonesian Islamic Education, the Case of Pesantren Suryalaya in West Java
Date of Defense 2010-07-05
Page Count 152
Keyword
  • education
  • Indonesia
  • Islam
  • Java
  • Madrasah
  • Pesantren
  • Suryalaya
  • Abstract Abstract
    Islamization, beginning in the period of the Hindu Majapahit, made Indonesia the biggest Muslim country in the world. One of the agents of Islamisation is the traditional Islamic education institution called pesantren. The long history of pesantren in Indonesia, especially in Java, shows the connection between Nasantra and the Islamic Central Lands. During the Dutch colonial period, education institution was secularized by setting up the European style sekolah. The impletation of the secular education forced pesantren move and develop in the rual areas. Nevertheless Islamic traditions were kept going on through pesantren education.
    After the independence, pesantren institution was again forced to transform into a modern madrasah system, which was initiated by Muhammadiyyah’s reform. Later the reform was adopted by Nadathul Ulama (NU) to launch new development in pesantren education. Inspite of this, some traditional pesantrens which are affiliated with certain Sufi tariqahs still maintain traditional characteristics. The most well-known of them is the Pesantren Suryalaya in Tasikmalaya, West Java. This research aims to study the transformation of the Pesantren Suryalaya, to examine how it follows up the national educational policy and keeps up with educational trends in the Islamic Central Lands. Apart from that, this research also studies how Sufi teachings and rituals that play important role in the transformation of pesantren educatrional reform.
    Keywords: Indonesia, Java, Madrasah, Pesantren, Suryalaya, Islam, education
    Table of Content Chinese Abstract ...................................................................................... i
    English Abstract ........................................................................................ ii
    Aknolegement ............................................................................................. iii
    Contents ..................................................................................................... v
    Chapter 1 Introduction
    1.1 Research Motive and Purpose ...................................................................... 1
    1.2 Review of the Relevant Studies .................................................................... 2
    1.3 Method of Research .................................................................................... 6
    1.4 Expected Contribution of the Thesis .............................................................. 7
    Chapter 2 The Impact of Colonialism on Islamic Education
    2.1 Islamic Education in the Traditional Setting .................................................. 8
    2.1.1 How and When Islam Entered Nusantara ................................................... 8
    2.1.2 Early Islamic Educational Institution in the Sultanate Period ......................... 12
    2.2 Educational Institution in the Dutch Colonial Era ............................................ 16
    2.3 Concluding Remarks .................................................................................. 33
    Chapter 3 Islamic Education after the Independence
    3.1 Islamo-political History prior to the Independence .......................................... 36
    3.2 Islamic Education System in the Old Order Era ............................................ 42
    3.3 Islamic Education Reform in the New Order Era ............................................. 46
    3.4 Concluding Remarks .................................................................................. 49
    Chapter 4 Tariqah Pesantren Suryalaya before the New Order Era
    4.1 Tasawwuf and Tariqah ................................................................................ 52
    4.2 Qadiriyyah and Naqshbandiyyah Tariqahs ..................................................... 59
    4.3 Tariqah Qadiriyyah-wa-Naqshbandiyyah (TQN) ............................................. 62
    4.4 The Rituals and Teachings of TQN .............................................................. 62
    4.5 TQN’s Ideology on Education .................................................................... 70
    4.6 The Early Establishment of Pesantren Suryalaya ............................................ 71
    4.7 Concluding Remarks ................................................................................. 77
    Chapter 5 Modernization of Education in Pesantren Suryalaya
    5.1 Pesantren Suryalaya under the Leadership of Abah Anom ................................ 78
    5.2 Transformation of Educational System in Pesantren Suryalaya ......................... 80
    5.3 The New Direction of Islamic Education in Pesantren Suryalaya ....................... 84
    5.4 Concluding Remarks .................................................................................. 92
    Chapter 6 Conclusion ............................................................................ 94
    Reference .................................................................................................. 100
    Appendix .................................................................................................... 107
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    Advisor
  • Nabil C-K Lin(林長寬)
  • Cheng C. Ch'eng(鄭誠政)
  • Files
  • 961205601.pdf
  • approve in 3 years
    Date of Submission 2010-07-20

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