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Student Number 954307026
Author Te-ming Wang(王德明)
Author's Email Address No Public.
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Department Executive Master of Human Resource Management
Year 2007
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title The sub-cultural differences in work-family resources, conflicts, and their consequences among working women in Taiwan and Mainland China
Date of Defense 2008-07-02
Page Count 51
Keyword
  • sub-culture
  • Taiwan and Mainland China
  • work and family resources
  • work-family conflict
  • Abstract The present study aimed to compare cross-strait differences in work and family resources, work-family conflict, and its consequences among full-time employed women in Taiwan and Mainland China. Our sample consisted of 265 working women, 157 from Taiwan, and 108 from China (Beijing).
    Results revealed that there was no overall difference in work-to-family conflict (WFC) among women across the Strait. However, Mainland Chinese female workers perceived higher overall family-to-work conflict (FWC) than their Taiwanese counterparts. More specifically, Taiwanese perceived higher strain-based WFC and FWC than Mainland Chinese, whereas the Mainland Chinese perceived higher time-based and behavior-based WFC and FWC than Taiwanese. In terms of work resources, Taiwanese perceived higher organizational family-support values, whereas Mainland Chinese perceived higher supervisory support and organizational family-support policies. In terms of family resources, Taiwanese perceived higher support resulted from relatives living close-by, whereas Mainland Chinese perceived higher support for children care. On various outcome measures, there was only on significant difference: Taiwanese perceived higher life satisfaction than their mainland Chinese counterparts.
    Our results unraveled sub-cultural differences of women’s work-family conflict experiences embedded in the socio-economical backgrounds of the two Chinese societies across the Strait. It is hoped that these findings will inform better and more adjusted organizational family-friendly practices for managers in Taiwan and Mainland China.
    Table of Content 第一章 緒論 ...................................................................................... .....................1
    第一節 研究背景與動機.........................................................................................1
    第二節 研究目的...................................................................................... . .............3
    第二章 文獻回顧...................................................................................... .............4
    第一節兩岸華人之職家衝突背景的差異.............................................................4
    第二節兩岸華人女性職家衝突之差異................................................................ .6
    一、職家衝突之定義及內涵.......................................................................... ....6
    二、兩岸華人女性之職家衝突的差異...............................................................8
    第三節 兩岸華人女性職家衝突之前因的差異.......................................................9
    一、職家衝突之前因...................................................................................... .... 9
    二、職家衝突之負面因子....................................................................................10
    三、職家衝突之正面因子....................................................................................12
    四、兩岸華人女性職家衝突之前因的差異.........................................................16
    第四節 兩岸華人女性職家衝突之後果的差異........................................................17
    一、職家衝突之後果...................................................................................... ... ..19
    二、兩岸華人女性職家衝突之後果的之差異.....................................................19
    第三章 研究方法.......................................................................................................20
    第一節 研究架構與研究假設........................................................................ ...........20
    第二節 研究對象............................................................................... ............ ...........21
    第三節 研究工具....................................................................................... ..... ..... ...22
    一、工作資源量表(work resources).............................................................22
    (一)主管理念性的支持(supervisory )...............................................22
    (二)組織的家庭政策(organizational family supportive policies).....22
    (三)組織的家庭支持(organizational family support).......................22
    二、家庭資源量表(family resources)......................................................... 23
    (一)家庭支持(family support)......................................................................23
    (二)照顧子女協助(childcare help)................................................................23
    (三)家務分工(domestic help)...................................................................... .23
    三、職家衝突量表(WFC/FWC)..................................................................23
    四、後果變項量表( consequences )...........................................................24
    第四章 研究結果.......................................................................................................26
      第一節 樣本描述 ..................................................................................... ...............26
    第二節 研究變數的描述性統計 .............................................................................27
    第三節 兩岸華人女性之職家衝突的差異..............................................................27
    第四節 兩岸華人女性職家衝突之前因的差異 ....................................................29
    第五節 兩岸華人女性職家衝突之後果的差異....................................................... 30
    第五章 結論與建議.................................................................................. ...... ..... ..32
      第一節 研究結果概述...............................................................................................32
    第二節 結論................................................................................................................32
    第三節研究限制與建議...........................................................................................34
    參考文獻.....................................................................................................................36
    附錄...................................................................................... ............................ ............43
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    Advisor
  • Luo Lu(陸洛)
  • Files
  • 954307026.pdf
  • approve immediately
    Date of Submission 2008-07-22

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