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Student Number 944204010
Author Ta-te Yang(楊大德)
Author's Email Address No Public.
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 2120 times. Download 862 times.
Department Graduate Institute of Industrial Economics
Year 2006
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title The Debate on the Success of China's TVEs: A Literature Review
Date of Defense 2007-07-13
Page Count 100
Keyword
  • economic development
  • local state corporatism
  • TVEs
  • Abstract China's township and village enterprises (TVEs) have made impressive achievement in China's economic development of 1980s, and the non-private nature of its ownership has raised a challenge to the traditional economic theory based on private ownership. Thus, by surveying of the relevant literature, this paper reviews various explanations of the puzzle of TVEs, and attempts to conclude the reason of the success of China's TVEs.
      Some studies focus on the market opportunity and factor advantages that TVEs obtained in 1980s, and contributed that as the cause of TVEs' success. Some emphasize the “informal privatization” of TVEs, therefore integrate the specific characteristics of TVEs into the framework of traditional economic theory. Another theory takes China's cooperative culture as the reason why the collective ownership could work well, yet the other one highlights the role of local governments, and considers that the institutional complements provided by the local governments were the key to TVEs' development. These theories provide certain explanations for the puzzle of TVEs, but each of them did not fully explain the process of TVEs' rise and fall. Another point of view stresses the role of local governments, and provides a more completed image of TVEs' rise and decline.
      Stressing the importance of history and political continuity, Local State Corporatism (LSC) focuses on the fiscal incentives and political structure that local cadre faced, explains the strong need of local governments for economic development, and sheds light on TVEs' rise and downfall. This point of view shows a comprehensive idea of TVEs' development, and therefore gains a lot of attention. On the other hand, some studies agree with the importance of local governments, but they emphasize more on the market discipline, while another theory takes local institutions and social relationship as the supplements of LSC. Finally, responding to the above mentioned critiques, the revised LSC reiterates the cadre's motivation for economic growth, and enhances its explanation by revealing the fact that local governments value the efficiency of enterprises more than the type of ownership. Consequently, the revised LSC illustrates a full image of TVEs' development, and gives a better answer to the puzzle of TVEs.
    Table of Content 第一章 緒論1
    第一節 研究動機與問題意識1
    第二節 研究方法與論文架構5
    第二章 中國大陸經濟發展概況8
    第一節 中國經濟發展與改革情形8
    壹、一九七八年之前的計畫經濟時期8
    貳、一九七九年以後的改革開放時期10
    第二節 鄉鎮企業發展狀況15
    壹、歷史背景與發展情形16
    第三節 與鄉鎮企業有關的重要制度環境與變革25
    壹、承包制:「分灶吃飯」、「利改稅」與「財政大包幹」26
    貳、承包制引發的負面效果29
    參、對承包制問題的兩種回應—「股份合作制」與「分稅制」31
    第三章 市場開放與環境配合論34
    第一節 私有產權與鄉鎮企業的難題34
    第二節 市場機會論與實質私有產權38
    壹、市場機會論與要素優勢論39
    貳、實質私有產權論44
    第三節 集體傳統與合作文化論48
    第四節 中國式聯邦制52
    壹、地方政府與制度補強52
    貳、中國式聯邦制55
    第五節 小結59
    第四章 地方政府中心論62
    第一節 地方統合主義62
    壹、地方政府主導經濟活動62
    貳、地方統合主義65
    第二節 市場規範論與社會關係論71
    第三節 修正的地方統合主義78
    第四節 小結85
    第五章 結論88
    參考文獻93
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    Advisor
  • Kung Wang(王弓)
  • Wan-wen Chu(瞿宛文)
  • Files
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    Date of Submission 2007-07-20

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