Title page for 943306001


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Student Number 943306001
Author Jung-ying Tseng(曾榮英)
Author's Email Address phonica_tseng@yahoo.com.tw
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 1893 times. Download 793 times.
Department Executive Master of Environmental Engineering
Year 2007
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title Reptile roadkills research along Cui Feng mountain road- Yi Zhuan first road
Date of Defense 2008-07-05
Page Count 48
Keyword
  • mitigation measures
  • Reptiles
  • Road killed
  • Tai-ping Mountain
  • Abstract A total of 18 reptiles, categorized into 5 families, had been found in this study, and road kills appeared in 15 reptiles of all. The first dominant species was Trimeresurus stejnegeri stejnegeri in this study and the second was Achalinus niger. During the investigation, 7 reptiles named Achalinus niger, Elaphe mandarinus, Elaphe taeniura, Pareas formosensis, Ovophis makazayazaya, Bungarus multicinctus, and Trimeresurus gracilis were ranked as secondary rare species on the List of Wild Animal Reservation.
    The reptiles found on Yi Zhuan first road (15 species) were more diversified than those found on Cui Feng forest road (7 species). The active density of reptiles on Yi Zhuan first road averaged 3.69 sights/100 kilometers, while that of Cui Feng forest road was 2.68 sights/100 kilometers. The roadkilled density on Yi Zhuan first road reached 1.94 sights/100 kilometers, while that of Cui Feng forest road was 1.28 sights/100 kilometers. However, the road killed density of rare species was higher on Cui Feng forest road, which was 2.69 times as many as that of Yi Zhuan first road. The reptiles were primarily nocturnal on both Cui Feng forest road and Yi Zhuan first road, but road kills were found more serious during the day. Achalinus niger and Elaphe mandarinus were the two species most seriously affected and nighttime control measures posted on Cui feng forest road were effective for Trimeresurus gracilis, but not for Achalinus niger.
    In the analysis of distribution pattern for each of the species, the species and spots of road kills were more scattered and equally distributed along Yi Zhuan first road. On the contrary, three hotspots where road kills peaked were found, which are in sections of 0.0 to 3.0k, 7.4 to 8.6k, and 15.0 to 16.5k along Cui Feng forest road. The section of 0.0 to 3.0k topped with a death toll of 9 in 15 records of rare species, which made this section a hotspot with the most serious casualty.
    Reducing driving speed has been an effective way to decrease road kills. An ecological education classroom can be set up at the checking point at the beginning of Cui Feng forest road, where tourists are lectured before they follow the guiding car on to the road. Only after passing the hotspot of section 0.0 to 0.3k was the guiding car withdrawn, thus accomplishing the goal of controlling car speed and reducing the road kills of reptiles. Furthermore, extending the control time of Cui Feng forest road and setting up arresting warning signals and animal passages in each hotspot are also effective ways to reduce the threat of road kills.
    Table of Content 中文摘要i
    英文摘要iii
    謝辭v
    目錄vi
    圖目錄viii
    表目錄x
    第一章 前言1
    1-1研究動機1
    1-2研究目的3
    第二章 文獻回顧4
    2-1車輛輾壓成因4
    2-1-1生物因子4
    2-1-2環境因子5
    2-2國內動物遭受車輛輾斃研究案例之回顧7
    2-3減輕對策10
    第三章 研究材料與方法11
    3-1地理環境介紹11
    3-1-1 地理位置11
    3-1-2 周邊生態敏感區12
    3-1-3 動物分布與組成概況12
    3-2研究方法13
    3-2-1 研究範圍13
    3-2-2 調查方法13
    3-3研究架構14
    第四章 結果與討論15
    4-1種類的分佈與差異15
    4-1-1種類分佈17
    4-1-2翠峰林道與宜專一線爬行動物組成差異23
    4-1-3物種日、夜活動密度及輾壓差異29
    4-1-4保育類輾壓程度差異31
    4-2輾壓保護標的33
    4-2-1物種特性影響輾壓頻度34
    4-2-2保護標的評估模式35
    4-2-3 綜合評估與討論40
    4-3減輕措施43
    第五章 結論與建議46
    5-1 結論46
    5-2 建議48
    參考文獻R-1
    附錄一 調查紀錄表A-1
    附錄二 論文口試現場委員審查意見回覆說明A-3
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    Advisor
  • Chung-te Lee(李崇德)
  • Files
  • 943306001.pdf
  • approve immediately
    Date of Submission 2008-07-29

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