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Student Number 943209011
Author Ming Shiou(林明秀)
Author's Email Address ashore@hotmail.com
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 3217 times. Download 1136 times.
Department Graduate Institute of Materials Science and Engineering
Year 2006
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language English
Title Sublimation point depression and bio-inspired nanowires of Alq3
Date of Defense 2007-06-28
Page Count 178
Keyword
  • 1-D dimensional structure
  • Alq3
  • crystallization
  • nanowires
  • Abstract The organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs) based on organic materials are fascinating due to their attractive characteristics and potential applications to flat panel displays and illumination devices over inorganic materials. The OLEDs have unique advantages including flexibility, light weight, colorful gamut, high fluorescence efficiency, device reliability, wide view angle, low economical- and energetic-consuming. In summary, there are two main bottlenecks on the mass production of OLEDs: (1) The high temperature brought about by the deposition method (Organic Vapor Phase Decomposition, OVPD) and the operation (applied driving voltage). (2) An effective control in the stability and lifetime by interfacial engineering. Firstly, via initial solvent screening, not only separation and purification, but also solubility, polymorphism, crystal habit, and crystallinity were available in one-step unit operation. In addition, the form space of Alq3 was established as an useful engineering mass-productive data bank. The depression of sublimation point for Alq3 re-crystallized from DMF offered a lower evaporation temperature of OLED fabrications. Secondly, the interfacial study and screening of Alq3 nanowires grown on 2-dimensional templates including biological membranes (such as eggshell membranes ) and bio-inspired interfaces with mixed SAMs (1-Undecanethiol (UDT) and 11-Mercaptoundecanoic acid( MUA ) having methyl (CH3) and carboxyl (COOH) functional group were developed. The one-step unit operation of nanowires fabrication was efficient and economical. Besides, the organic biological and biometric membranes served as templates to induce organic nanowires were novel and unique. The interfacial study realized the nucleation and growth of materials on templates and avoided the degradation mechanism of devices. On the other hand, it also provided a strong improvement and enhancement of devices and potential applications on various fields in the future. Tris(8-hydroxyquinolinato)aluminum(Alq3) was an extensive organic emitting materials for OLEDs manufacturing and was selected for our investigation because of the rich literatures.
    Table of Content Table of Contents
    摘要………………………………………………………………………………………I
    Abstract………………………………………………………………………………… II
    Acknowledgments……………………………………………………………………...IV
    Table of Contents………………………………………………………………………..V
    List of Tables…………………………………………………………………………...IX
    List of Figures………………………………………………………………………….XI
    Chapter 1 Executive summary…………………………………………………………..1
    1.1Introduction………………………………………………………………….…1
    1.2Brief Introduction of Alq3……………………………………….…………....12
    1.3Conceptual Framework…………………………………………………….....14
    1.4 References……………………………………………………..……………...17
    Chapter 2 Instrumental Analysis.………………………………………………………21
    2.1Introduction…………………………………………………………………...21
    2.2Microscopic Methods ………………………………………………………...25
    2.2.1Optical Microscopy (OM) ………………...…………………………25
    2.2.2Low Vacuum Scanning Electron Microscope (LVSEM)…………….28
    2.2.3Transmission Electron Microcopy (TEM)…………………………...36
    2.2.4Atomic Force Microscope (AFM)……………………………………42
    2.3Spectroscopic Methods……………………………………...………………..46
    2.3.1Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy ….……………..46
    2.3.2Powder X-ray Diffractometry (PXRD)………………………….…...49
    2.3.3Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (ESCA)……………...53
    2.3.4Photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL)………………………………57  
    2.4Thermal Methods……………………………………….……………………62
    2.4.1Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)…………………...62
    2.4.2Thermogravmetric Analysis (TGA)…………………..……..66
    2.5Conclusions…………………………………………………………...………69
    2.6 References…………………………….…...………………………………….70
    Chapter 3 Crystallization and Thermal Properties of Alq3 by Initial Solvent Screening………………………………..………….……………………75
    3.1Introduction…………………………...………………………………………75
    3.2Materials………………...…………………………………………………….84
    3.2.1Chemical Regents……………………..……………………………..84
    3.2.2Organic Solvents...……...…………………………………………...84
    3.3Experiments Methods…………………………………………………………89
    3.3.1Solubility Test…………………………………………...…………...89
    3.3.2Re-crystallization of Alq3 by temperature cooling gradient………………………………………………….…………..91
    3.3.3Instrumentation……………………………………………………..92
    3.3.3.1Optical Microscopy (OM)……………………………………..92
    3.3.3.2Fourier Transform Iinfrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy……………92
    3.3.3.3Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC)……………………..93
    3.3.3.4Powder X-ray Diffractometry (PXRD)………………………...93
    3.3.3.5Thermogravimetric Analysis (TGA)…………………………...94
    3.3.3.6UV Lamp………………………………………………………94
    3.4Results and Discussion……………………………………………95
    3.4.1Re-crystallization…………………………………………………....95
    3.4.2Solubility…………………………………………..………………...96
    3.4.3Polymorphism……………………………………………………...105
    3.4.4Crystal Habit………………………………………………………..111
    3.4.5Crystallinity………………………………………………………...115
    3.5Conclusions………………………………………………………………….118
    3.6 References…………………………………………………………………...120
    Chapter 4 The interfacial study of Alq3 nanowires on the templates of eggshell membranes and mixed SAMs…………………………………….129
    4.1Introduction………………………………………………………………….129
    4.2Materials………………...…………………………………………………...135
    4.2.1Chemical Regents…………………………………………………..135
    4.2.2Organic Solvents…………………….……………………………..135
    4.3Experimental Procedure……………………………………………………..136
    4.3.1Templates Preparation………………………………………….......136
    4.3.2Alq3 Deposition……………………………………………………138
    4.4Characterization………………..……………………………………………140
    4.4.1Low Vacuum Scanning Electron Microscopy (LVSEM)…………..140
    4.4.2Electron Spectroscopy for Chemical Analysis (ESCA) ……….….140
    4.4.3Transmission Electron Microscopy…………………..……………141
    4.4.4Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM)……………………..………….142
    4.4.5Fourier Transform Infrared (FT-IR) Spectroscopy………………..143
    4.4.6Photoluminescence Spectrometer (PL)…………………………….143
    4.5Results and Discussion..……………….…………………………………….145
    4.5.1The observation and characterization of templates and Alq3 grown on templates……………………………………………………………146
    4.5.2The nucleation and growth mechanism of Alq3 nanowires………..158
    4.6 Conclusions………………………………………………………………….166
    4.7 References……………………………………………….…………………..167
    Chapter 5 Conclusions and Future Works……………………………………….174
    5.1 Initial Solvent Screening……………………………………………………174
    5.2 Bio-inspired Alq3 Nanowires……………………………………………….175
    5.3 Conclusions…………………………………………………………………177
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