Title page for 943203088


[Back to Results | New Search]

Student Number 943203088
Author Shiou-Wei Kuo(郭修瑋)
Author's Email Address No Public.
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 1313 times. Download 10 times.
Department Mechanical Engineering
Year 2006
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title Development of Dual-axial Dynamic Hip Joint Simulator
Date of Defense 2007-07-21
Page Count 76
Keyword
  • hip joint
  • simplified motion
  • simulator
  • two-station
  • Abstract There are two main factors causing loosening after total hip joint replacement.
    1.
    The wear debris which causes osteoclasis will make implant fixation failed.
    2.
    The osseous loss because of stress shielding.
    The hip joint replacement makes acetabular cup and femur head exposing area diminish, and makes the load on unit area higher. Wearing becomes more serious than original human hip joint’s wearing. However, the behavior of wearing is a quite important factor to prosthetic loosening. In order to reduce loosening after replacing of artificial hip join, understanding the behavior of wearing and try to improve implants have become a great direction of researching orthopedists and the direction of the researchers in biomedical engineering.
    This dissertation deal with using simplified motion cycles to design a two-station wear simulator. To develop a dual-axial dynamic hip joint wear simulator according to the motion of hip joint when exercising. Using the results of the wearing from the simulator, and combining with the clinical wearing data makes it close to various kinds of conditions of the artificial hip joint, such as the loading, angle, and wear rate etc. The results of the experiment can be regarded as the important basis of improving simulator and prosthetic design even more, and it also makes contribution to the research and development that the artificial hip joint is correlated with in the future.
    Table of Content 摘  要I
    目錄III
    圖目錄V
    表目錄VIII
    第一章 序論1
    1-1 研究動機與目的1
    1-2 文獻回顧3
    1-2-1 髖關節之解剖學與病理學介紹3
    1-2-2 髖關節相關步態與生物力學6
    1-2-3 人工髖關節之磨耗現象10
    1-2-4 髖關節磨耗測試機之國際標準規範10
    1-2-5 髖關節磨耗測試機回顧13
    1-3 本文架構20
    第二章 材料與方法21
    2-1 髖關節磨耗測試機之電腦模型建立21
    2-1-1 第一代髖關節磨耗試驗機的設計理念與過程23
    2-1-2 逆向設計第二代髖關節磨耗試驗機26
    2-2 電腦輔助模擬分析31
    2-2-1 彎曲和伸直方向之運動學動態模擬分析34
    2-2-2 內轉和外轉方向之運動學動態模擬分析38
    2-3 運動曲線評估指標41
    第三章 結果46
    3-1 第一代髖關節磨耗試驗機46
    3-2 第二代髖關節磨耗試驗機50
    第四章 討論54
    4-1 正常步態運動型式磨耗試驗機台文獻比較54
    第五章 結論與未來展望62
    參考文獻63
    Reference [1]John W. Hole, Jr., Karen A. Koos, Human Anatomy,胡銘一、孫穆乾、陳懿慧等譯,藝軒出版社,民國81年
    [2]Martini, Bartholomew, Essentials of Anatomy & Physiology,林自勇、鄧志娟、 陳瑩玲等譯,解剖生理學,全威圖書,民國九十二年
    [3]Susan J. Hall, Basic Biomechanics, New York, 2003
    [4]P. Bowker, D. N. Condie, D. L. Bader, D. J. Pratt, W. A. Wallace, Biomechanical Basic of Orthotic Management, OXFORD, 1993
    [5]Paul, J. P. Force actions transmitted by joints in the human body, Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B, 1976, 192(1107), 163–172.
    [6]American Society for Testing and Materials F 1714 – 96 “Standard Guide for Gravimetric Wear Assessment of Prosthetic Hip-Designs in Simulator Devices ”(Reapproved 2002)
    [7]ISO 14242-1 “Implants for surgery — Wear of total wear-testing machines and corresponding environmental conditions for test hip-joint prostheses” 2002.03
    [8]V. Saikko, “A three-axis hip joint simulator for wear and friction studies on total hip prostheses.” Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs, Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine, 1996, 210(H3), 175–185
    [9]V. Saikko and T Ahlroos, “Type of motion and lubricant in wear simulation of polyethylene acetabular cup” Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs, Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine 1999, 213,301-310
    [10]C Liu, S M Green, N D Watkins, P J Gregg and A W McCaskie “A preliminary hip joint simulator study of the migration of a cemented femoral stem” Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs, Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine 2003, 217,127-135
    [11]S L Smith, I C Burgess and A Unsworth “Evaluation of a hip joint simulator”, Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs, Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine 1999, 213,127-135
    [12]P SM Barbour, MH Stone and J Fisher “A hip joint simulator study using simplified loading and motion cycles generating physiological wear paths and rates” Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs, Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine 1999, 213,455-467
    [13]P SM Barbour, MH Stone and J Fisher “A hip joint simulator study using new and physiologically scratched femoral heads with ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene acetabular cups” Proc. Instn Mech. Engrs, Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine 2000, 214,569-576
    [14]O. Calonius, V. Saikko “Analysis of Relative Motion between Femoral Head and Acetabular Cup and Advances in Computation of the Wear Factor for the Prosthetic Hip Joint” Published in Acta Polytechnica vol.43, 2003 , No.4,43-54
    [15]O. Calonius, V. Saikko “Slide track analysis of eight contemporary hip simulator designs” Journal of Biomechanics 35 (2002) 1439–1450
    [16]Maquet, P. G. J. “Biomechanics of the Hip”, 1985 (Springer- Verlag, Berlin).
    [17]M. Viceconti, G. Cavallotti and A. O. Adrisano, ”Discussion on the design of a hip joint simulator. Med. Engng Physics”, 1996, 18, 234–240.
    Advisor
  • Shang-Chih Lin(林上智)
  • Shu-Wei Wu(鄔蜀威)
  • Files
  • 943203088.pdf
  • disapprove authorization
    Date of Submission 2007-07-23

    [Back to Results | New Search]


    Browse | Search All Available ETDs

    If you have dissertation-related questions, please contact with the NCU library extension service section.
    Our service phone is (03)422-7151 Ext. 57407,E-mail is also welcomed.