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Student Number 93625005
Author Ping-Chang Ku(古秉章)
Author's Email Address 93625005@cc.ncu.edu.tw
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Department Hydrological Sciences
Year 2006
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons(PAHs) in Settling Particles and Sediments in the Feitsui Reservoir, Northern Taiwan
Date of Defense 2007-06-07
Page Count 128
Keyword
  • Feitsui reservoir
  • flux
  • polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs)
  • sediments
  • settling particles
  • Abstract The Feitsui reservoir supplies the water use for northern Taiwan. Hence, it water quality is closely linked to people’s well being. This study is concerned with the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the Feitsui reservoir. PAHs are an organic contaminants that have hydrophobic, toxic, carcinogenic, mutagenic and bioaccumulative. PAHs are generated from combustion or high temperature alteration of organic matters. PAHs is cycled through the environment until buried in sediments. The objective of this study is to investigate the composition and concentration of PAHs in settling particles and sediments, to assess the PAHs fluxes in settling particles, and to explore the compositional differebces of PAHs in settling particles and sediments. Finally, we hope to understand the sources of the PAHs.
    The PAHs concentration in settling particles ranges from 1258 to 29112 ng/g. The PAHs concentration in sample from the 20m trap use higer than those in sample from the 70m trap. In general, the PAHs concentrations in settling particles are positively correlated with contents of organic carbon. When environmental PAHs concentration is too high, we cannot detect the correlation between PAHs concentration and organic carbon content. PAHs composition in settling particles were special in March, April, August and September, 2005. In frist two months, the PAHs compostion was dominated by pyrene In the other two months, it was dominated by dimethylnaphthalene.
    The range of PAHs concentrations in sediments were between 330∼804ng/g, and showed low correlation with organic carbon contents. The PAHs concentrations in sediments collected from cross-section No.15 had the highest values, the maximum occurred at 6 cm below surface. The principle compound was perylene.
    In gernal, the PAHs flux of settling particles was between 4 and 465 mg/m2/day with a trend similar to that of the mass flux of settling particles flux. It was enhanceced by the turbid flow. The PAHs flux in March and September showed pattern different from the mass flux, because the PAHs concentration in settling particles in March and September were especially high.
    Based on principle component analysis (PCA), the PAHs composition of settling particles and sediments can be divided into four fypes: the PAHs composition of surface sediments and suspended particles, which represents the background condition in the Feitsui reservoir; Second, the PAHs composition in settling particles in March and April, which was dominated by pyrene and might come directly from atomospheric deposition; Third, the PAHs composition in settling particles in August and September, which might come from the surface soils brought into the reservoir by strong typhoon precipitation; Fourth, the PAHs composition in sediments from cross-section No.15, which very high concentrations of perylene. The last type may have been contributed from a nearly tributary. The PAHs compositions of sediments and settling particles were significant different. The PAHs concentration in sediments were considerably lower than those in settling particles. The difference was attributed to degradation of PAHs in sediments and mineral dilution.
    Finally, we used isomer ratio to identify the PAHs sources, we found that the PAHs in sediments may have originated mainly from combustion of organic matters; whereas the PAHs in settling particles may have originated from mainly petroleum.
    Table of Content 摘要I
    致謝V
    目錄VI
    表目錄...………….…………………………………………………………………VIII
    圖目錄……………………………………………………………………………...…IX
    第一章 緒論1
    1.1 前言1
    1.2 文獻回顧2
    1.3 研究目的5
    第二章 研究地點及樣品採集6
    2.1翡翠水庫之介紹:6
    2.2 樣品之採集地點與時間:7
    2.2.1 沈降顆粒採集地點:7
    2.2.2 底泥採集地點:7
    第三章 研究方法與樣品處理8
    3.1 沈降顆粒8
    3.1.1 採集器材:8
    3.1.2 採集方法:8
    3.1.3 分析方法:9
    3.1.3.1 索式萃取:9
    3.1.3.2 Liquid-Liquid partition:11
    3.1.3.3 濃縮及除硫12
    3.1.3.4 吹氮及上機:13
    3.1.3.5 儀器分析14
    3.2底泥15
    3.2.1 採集器材:15
    3.2.2 採集方法:15
    3.2.3 分析方法:16
    3.2.3.1 前處理16
    3.2.3.2 索式萃取及前濃縮16
    3.2.3.3 淨化及除硫17
    3.2.3.4 後濃縮、吹氮及上機18
    3.2.4 儀器分析:19
    第四章 結果20
    4.1 沈降顆粒20
    4.1.1 沈降顆粒通量:20
    4.1.2 有機有機碳含量21
    4.1.3 沈降顆粒的有機碳通量22
    4.1.4 PAHs 濃度23
    4.1.5 PAHs 通量23
    4.1.6 PAHs與有機有機碳含量之相關性24
    4.2 底泥25
    4.2.1 底泥之有機碳含量25
    4.2.2 底泥的PAHs25
    4.3 小結26
    第五章 討論29
    5.1 沈降顆粒收集器及底泥的PAHs的化合物分布29
    5.2 PAHs之主成份分析31
    5.3 PAHs之isomer ratio33
    5.4 小結34
    第六章 結論與建議36
    6.1 結論36
    6.2 建議39
    參考文獻:40
    附錄A. 沈降顆粒之PAHs濃度分析結果65
    附錄B. 底泥之PAHs濃度分析結果77
    附錄C 利用內標準品推算樣品PAHs方法83
    附錄 D 銅片清洗與微量注射器的清洗86
    附錄E U.S. EPA 公布之16種優先列管之毒性PAHs88
    附錄F 20m沈降顆粒各樣品之PAHs組成89
    附錄G 70m沈降顆粒各樣品之PAHs組成92
    附錄H 底泥各樣品之PAHs組成95
    附錄I 儀器照片98
    附錄J 主成分分析………………………………………………………………..101
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    U.S. EPA http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/
    Advisor
  • Kon-kee Liu(劉康克)
  • Files
  • 93625005.pdf
  • approve immediately
    Date of Submission 2007-07-16

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