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Student Number 93434030
Author Jen-Hwa Kuo(郭錦華)
Author's Email Address dynaopto@yahoo.com.tw
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 1857 times. Download 977 times.
Department Executive Master of Industrial Economics
Year 2007
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title The Diffusion of Internet and the Digital Divide in Asian
Date of Defense 2007-12-03
Page Count 72
Keyword
  • Digital Divide
  • Internet
  • Technological Diffusion
  • Abstract This thesis attempts to explore the factors of Internet diffusion in Asian countries, high-income countries of Asia and low-income countries. At the same time, also consider the impact of socio-economic development, open government policies and social resources on the digital divide.
    The empirical research is for the Asian Productivity Organization (APO: Asian Productivity Organization) of 20 countries plus China, total 21 Asian countries. This is a research for the period 2000 - 2005. The raw data used are taken from the "ITU (International Telecommunication Union) ICT Statistics Database website" and "World Development Bank (The World Bank; WDI) 2007 Indicators site". This thesis adopts panel data estimation methods, including Pooling data, the fixed effect and the random effect technique. Hausman test is used to determine the appropriate estimation method in the empirical study.
    The empirical results are listed as follows.
    1. For the whole of Asia, opening up the broadband market and telephone penetration rate, mobile phone penetration rate have a significant positive impact on Internet diffusion. Population density has a significantly negative impact.
    2. For low-income Asian countries, opening up the broadband market and telephone penetration rate, mobile phone penetration rate have a significant positive impact on Internet diffusion. Population density has a negative impact.
    3. For Asian high-income countries, whether or not to participate in the World Trade Organization, the number of personal computers, the Internet host penetration rate, mobile phones penetration rate and population density have a significant positive impact on Internet diffusion. The gross national product and telephone penetration rate have a significantly negative impact.
    Table of Content 目 錄
    第一章緒論………………………………………………………1
    第一節研就動機與目的 ………………………………1
    第二節第二節研究方法與資料來源 …………………………3
    第三節 本文架構 ………………………………………4
    第二章亞洲網際網路擴散與數位落差概況……………………6
    第一節 亞洲網際網路擴散與數位落差現況…………...8
    第二節東北亞網際網路擴散與數位落差現況 ………12
    第三節東南亞網際網路擴散與數位落差現況 ………14
    第三章文獻回顧與探討 ………………………………………16
    第一節網際網路發展相關文獻 ………………………16
    第二節技術擴散相關文獻 ……………………………20
    第三節 數位落差相關文獻 ……………………………24
    第四章實證模型與估計方法 …………………………………26
    第一節模型設定 ………………………………………26
    第二節估計方法 ………………………………………28
    第三節 變數說明與資料來源 …………………………31

    第五章 實證結果 ………………………………………………44
    第一節 亞洲網際網路擴散之實證結果 ………………44
    第二節 亞洲高所得國家網際網路擴散之實證結果…47
    第三節亞洲低所得國家網際網路擴散之實證結果…50
    第六章結論與建議 ……………………………………………53
    第一節結論 ……………………………………………53
    第二節後續研究建議 …………………………………55
    中文參考文獻部份………………………………………………...56
    英文參考文獻部份 ………………………………………………57
    附錄1 技術擴散相關實證文獻………………………………….62

    圖 目 錄
    圖1.1 研究流程圖 ………………………………………………5
    圖2.1 2005年全球個人電腦與網際網路普及圖…………………7
    圖2.2 亞洲網際網路擴散圖(ITU 2000-2004)…………………9
    圖2.3 亞洲個人電腦擴散圖(ITU 2000-2004)…………………10
    圖2.4 東北亞國家網際網路擴散圖(ITU 2000-2004)…………12
    圖2.5 東北亞個人電腦擴散圖(ITU 2000-2004)………………13
    圖2.6 東南亞國家網際網路擴散圖 (ITU 2000-2004)…………14
    圖2.7 東南亞國家個人電腦擴散圖(ITU 2000-2004)…………15
    圖4.1 網際網路運作模式圖………………………………………31
    Reference 中文參考文獻
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    3.范盛庚, 「聯合技術擴散之分析- 以存活時間模型探討台灣地區CNC與CAD/CAM之採用」, 中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文, 1996
    4.洪德昌, 「我國光電科技擴散之實證研究」, 中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文, 1988
    5.高長、吳瑟致,「東亞經濟區塊化的中國大陸因素與台灣角色」,經濟情勢濟評論,經濟部,2005年6月
    6.陳忠榮、陳正倉、林惠玲、莊春發,「產業經濟學」,雙葉書廊,2004
    7.鄭文農, 「台灣高層次自動化機器設備採用之探討- 以存活時間模型分析」, 中央大學產業經濟研究所碩士論文, 1995
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    英文參考文獻
    8.Almeida, R. and A. M. Fernandes (2006), “Openness and Technological Innovations in Developing Countries Evidence from Firm-Level Surveys”, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper, 3985.
    9.APO. Asian Productivity Organization (2002), “2nd World Conference on Green Productivity”, Available Online: http://www.apo-tokyo.org/gp/manila_conf02/index.html
    10.Asian Development Bank (2005), “Key Indicators 2005-Lbor Markets in Asia: Promoting Full, Productive, and Decent Employment”
    11.Beilock, R. and D. V. Dimitrova (2003), “An Exploratory Model of Inter-country Internet Diffusion”, Telecommunications Policy, 27, 237-252.
    12.Xu, B. and E. P. Chiang (2005), “Trade, Patents and International Technology Diffusion”, Journal International Trade & Economic Development, 14, 115-135.
    13.Canepa, A. and P. Stoneman (2004), “Comparative International Diffusion: Patterns, Determinants and Policies”, Economics of Innovation New Technology, 13, 279- 298.
    14.Chinn, M. D. and R.W. Fairlie (2004), “The Determinants of The Global Digital Divide: A Cross-Country Analysis of Computer and Internet Penetration”, NBER Working Paper Series
    15.Chinn, M.D. and R.W. Fairlie (2006), “ICT Use The Developing World: An Analysis of Differences in Computer and Internet Penetration”, NBER Working Paper Series
    16.Chaudhuri, A and K. S. Flamm and J. Horrigan (2005), “An analysis of the Determinants of Internet Access”, Telecommunications Policy,29, 731-755.
    17.Crenshaw, E. C. and K. K. Robison (2006), “Globalization and the Digital Divide: The Roles of Structural Conduciveness and Global Connection in Internet Diffusion”, Social Science Quarterly, 87,190-207.
    18.Fairlie, R.W. (2005), “An extension of the Blinder-Oaxaca Decomposition Technique to Logit and Probit Models”, Journal of Economic and Social Measurement, 30, 305-316.
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    20.Greenstein, S. and J. Prince (2006), “The Diffusion of Internet and the Geography of the Digital Divide in the United States”, Institute for Policy Research Northwestern University
    21.Gruber, H (2001), “Competition and Innovation the diffusion of Mobile Telecommunications in Central and Eastern Europe”, Information Economics and Policy, 13, 19-34.
    22.Gruber, H. and F. Verboven (2001), “The Diffusion of Mobile Telecommunications Services in the European Union”, European Economic Review, 45, 577-588.
    23.Gruber, H. and F. Verboven (2001), “The Evolution of Markets Under Entry and Standards Regulation – The Case of Global Mobile Telecommunications”, International journal of Industrial Organization, 19, 1189-1212.
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    25.Hannan, T. H. and J. M. McDowell (1987), “Rival Precedence and the Dynamics of Technology Adoption: an Empirical Analysis”, Economica, 54, 155-171.
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    27.ISC.(2006).ISC Internet Systems Consortium, Available Online: http://www.isc.org/index.pl?/ops/ds/
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    29.ITU. (2006). World Information Society Report, International Telecommunication Union
    30..Kiiski, H. and Pohjola (2002), “Cross-country Diffusion of the Internet”, Information Economics and Policy, 14, 297-310.
    31.Koski K. and T. Kretschmer (2005), “Entry, Standards and Competition: Firm Strategies and the Diffusion of Mobile Telephony”, Review of Industrial Organization, 26, 89-113.
    32.Levin, S. G. and S. L.Levin and J. B. Meisel (1985). “Meisel, Intermarket Differences in the Early Diffusion of an Innovation”, Southern Economic Journal, 51, 672-680.
    33.Mansfield, E. (1969), “Industrial Research and Development: Characteristics, Costs, and Diffusion of Results”, American Economic Review, 59, 65-71.
    34.Mansfield, E (1975), “International Technology Transfer: Forms, Resource Requirements, and Policies”, American Economic Review, 65, 372-376.
    35.Mariscal, J. (2005), “Digital Divide in a Developing Country”, Telecommunications Policy, 29, 409-428.
    36.Liu, M. C. and G. San (2006), “Social Learning and Digital Divides; A Case Study of Internet Technology Diffusion”, KYKLOS, 59, 307-321.
    37.Milner, H. V. (2003), “The Global Spread of the Internet: The Role of International Diffusion Pressures in Technology Adoption”, Columbia University
    38.Norris, P. (2001), “Digital Divide- Civic Engagement, Information Poverty and The Internet Worldwide”, Cambridge University Press
    39.Philibert, C. (2003), “Technology Innovation, Development and Diffusion”, OECD and IEA Information Pape
    40.Oyelaran-Oyeyinka, B. and K. Lal (2003), “The internet Diffusion in Sub-Saharan Africa: A Cross-country Analysis”, United Nations University
    41.Wong, P. K. (2002), “ICT Production and Discussion in Asia Digital Dividends or Digital Divide?”, Information Economics and Policy, 14, 167- 187.
    42.Romeo, A. A. (1975), “Interindustry and Interfirm Differences in the Rate of Diffusion of an Innovation”,Review of Economics and Statistics, 57, 311-319.
    43.Sciadas, G. (2005), “The Digital Divide to Digital Opportunities-Measuring Inforstates for Development”, ITU(International Telecommunication Union)
    44.WEF. World Economic Forum, (2006), Available Online: http://www.weforum.org/en/index.htm
    45.WDI. The World Bank Group, (2007), WDI Data Query: http://Devdata.worldbank.org/data-query/
    Advisor
  • Jong-Rong Chen(陳忠榮)
  • Files
  • 93434030.pdf
  • approve immediately
    Date of Submission 2008-05-11

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