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Student Number 93394003
Author Hsiang-Chen Wei(魏向辰)
Author's Email Address gosling.tw@yahoo.com.tw
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 3461 times. Download 2980 times.
Department Chemical and Materials Engineering
Year 2006
Semester 1
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title Studies on the Conduction Polymers and Multi-Wall Carbon Nanotube Nanocomposite Materials
Date of Defense 2007-01-12
Page Count 116
Keyword
  • carbon nanotube
  • polyaniline
  • polythiophene
  • Abstract Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have stimulated wide research activities in recent years because of the merits of their special material,mechanical, thermal and electric properties.
    so it is one of the best choice for reinforcements. polyaniline and polythiophene(Poly(3-hexylthiophene)) are both conducting polymers, contains good processability, excellent environmental stability, and reversible control of conductivity, If we can mix conducting polymers and CNTs of excellent nature, arise from a composite of functionalizing.
      This research will divide into two parts, First,Multi-wall carbon nanotube(MWNT)was functionalizing in a sulfuric and nitric mixed acids under ultrasonic vibration, and MWNT of surface contains carboxyl group and hydroxyl group. The carbo-xylated MWNT was reacted with aniline to Polyaniline/MWNT and Polyaniline/c-MWNT composites fabricated by in situ. Part two, Composites of MWNT embedded in the thiophene were fabricated by in situ of the P3HT/MWNT composites mixture dissolved in chloroform.
      These nanocomposite materials were characterized by Trans-mission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy(SEM), UV-VIS spectra, Fourier-transform infared(FT-IR),thermal analysis (TGA) , Four-point probe.
    Table of Content 中文摘要.................................................Ⅰ
    Abstract.................................................Ⅱ
    致謝.....................................................Ⅲ
    目錄.....................................................Ⅴ
    圖目錄...................................................Ⅶ
    表目錄.................................................ⅩⅡ
    第一章 緒論..............................................1
    1-1 前言..................................................1
    1-2 研究動機..............................................3
    第二章 文獻回顧..........................................5
    2-1 奈米碳管..............................................5
    2-1-1 奈米碳管的發展歷史..................................5
    2-1-2 奈米碳管之結構......................................7
    2-1-3 奈米碳管之特性.....................................10
    2-1-4 奈米碳管之化學修飾方法.............................14
    2-2 導電高分子...........................................19
    2-2-1 導電高分子簡介.....................................19
    2-2-2 聚苯胺.............................................25
    2-2-2-1 聚苯胺簡介.......................................25
    2-2-2-2 聚苯胺的結構.....................................27
    2-2-2-3 聚苯胺之化學合成.................................30
    2-2-2-4 聚合機構及氧化還原機制...........................31
    2-2-2-5 聚苯胺性質分析...................................33
    2-2-3 聚(3-烷基噻吩) ....................................37
    2-2-3-1 聚(3-烷基噻吩)簡介...............................37
    2-2-3-2 聚(3-烷基噻吩)的結構.............................38
    2-2-3-3 聚(3-烷基噻吩)的導電機制.........................40
    2-3 導電高分子/奈米碳管複合材料..........................41
    2-4 導電高分子/奈米碳管複合材料之應用....................44
    第三章 實驗部份.........................................48
    3-1 實驗藥品.............................................48
    3-2 儀器.................................................50
    3-3 實驗步驟.............................................52
    3-3-1 奈米碳管之官能基化.................................52
    3-3-2 苯胺單體的還原.....................................54
    3-3-3 製備聚苯胺/奈米碳管導電複合材料....................55
    3-3-4 製備聚苯胺/羧化奈米碳管導電複合材料................57
    3-3-5 製備聚(3-己烷基噻吩)/奈米碳管複合材料..............59
    3-4 實驗儀器分析.........................................61
    3-4-1 霍氏轉換紅外光譜儀(Fourier Transform-Infrared
      Spectrophotometer,FT-IR)............................61
    3-4-2 拉曼光譜儀(Raman Spectrophotometer) ...............61
    3-4-3 場發射掃瞄式電子顯微鏡(Field-Emission Scanning
      Electron Microscope,FE-SEM) ........................62
    3-4-4 穿透式電子顯微鏡(Transmission Electron Microscope
      ,TEM) ..............................................62
    3-4-5 紫外可見光譜儀(UV-Visible Spectrophotometer,UV-
      VIS).................................................63
    3-4-6 螢光光譜儀(Fluorescence Spectorphotometer,PL).....63
    3-4-6 熱重分析儀(Thermogravimetric Analyzsis,TGA).......63
    3-4-7 四點探針導電度測試(Four-Point Conductive Meter)....64
    第四章 結果與討論........................................66
    4-1 多層奈米碳管之官能基化...............................66
    4-2 聚苯胺/羧酸化奈米碳管導電複合材料....................76
    4-3 聚苯胺/奈米碳管導電複合材料..........................86
    4-4 聚(3-己烷基噻吩)/奈米碳管導電複合材料................95
    第五章 結論.............................................104
    第六章 未來發展.........................................105
    文獻....................................................106
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  • Sze-Ming Yang(楊思明)
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    Date of Submission 2007-01-23

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