Title page for 93223030


[Back to Results | New Search]

Student Number 93223030
Author Yu-An Shiu(許育銨)
Author's Email Address u890428@alumni.nthu.edu.tw
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 1845 times. Download 589 times.
Department Chemistry
Year 2006
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title Synthesis and Application of POSS Immobilized Ionic Liquids
Date of Defense 2007-05-16
Page Count 110
Keyword
  • dye-sensitized solar cell
  • ionic liquids
  • nanomaterials
  • Abstract Reported in the manuscript is the synthesis of diimidazolium-based ionic liquids and N-alkyl imidazoliums immobilized on POSS (polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane). The latter consists of eight propyl alley imidazolium chloride functional groups extending from the cubic silsesquioxane core. There POSS immobilized ionic liquids have been analyzed with transmission electron microscope and particle size analyzer. There the nanocomposites shown obvious aggregation.Diimidazolium-based ionic liquids and POSS immobilized ionic liquids have been tested for usage in electrolyte for DSSC (dye-sensitized solar cellxed with methanol). The high viscosity of POSS immobilized ionic liquids in electrolyte reduces the efficiency of cells. The mixture of POSS immobilized ionic liquids (with terminal N-butyl imidazoliums) and methanol was precipitated on ethyl acetate. The POSS immobilized ionic liquids forms bubbles filled with methanol vapors upon supersonic agitation and the bubbles arise to the top surface of the ethyl acetate when the POSS immobilized ionic liquids contanting enclose the methanol vapers.
    Table of Content 第一章 序論
    1-1 離子液體的定義 ...................................... 1
    1-2 離子液體的發展 ...................................... 5
    1-2.1 離子液體的物理化學性質 ............................ 6
    1-2.2 離子液體的應用 .................................... 7
    1-2.3 氫氘交換 ......................................... 10
    1-3 有機無機奈米複合材料-矽倍半氧寡聚物 ................ 11
    1-3.1 奈米材料 ......................................... 11
    1-3.2 矽倍半氧寡聚物 ................................... 14
    第二章 實驗部分
    2-1 藥品部分 ........................................... 20
    2-2 雙咪唑離子液體的合成 ............................... 22
    2-2.1 N-烷基咪唑的製備 ................................. 22
    2-2.2 雙咪唑離子液體的製備 ............................. 22
    2-2.3 雙咪唑離子液體的陰離子交換 ....................... 23
    2-3 以N-烷基咪唑修飾矽倍半氧寡聚物之離子液體的合成 ..... 24
    2-3.1 化合物1的合成 .................................... 24
    2-3.2 化合物2的合成 .................................... 24
    2-3.3 化合物3及4的合成 ................................. 25
    2-3.4 化合物5及6的合成 ................................. 26
    2-3.5 化合物7的合成 .................................... 27
    2-4 利用活性碳對離子液體作脫色 ......................... 28
    2-5 儀器部分 ........................................... 31
    第三章 結果與討論
    3-1 矽倍半氧八聚體複合材料之奈米結構分析 ............... 33
    3-2 化合物於溶液相之粒徑分析 ........................... 37
    3-2.1 化合物7的粒徑分佈 ................................ 37
    3-2.2 不同介質溶劑、碳鏈長度和陰離子種類下的
    粒徑分佈 ............................................... 38
    3-2.3 化合物1和化合物2的粒徑分佈 ....................... 43
    3-3 染料敏化太陽能電池之電解液之試用 ................... 45
    3-3.1 染料敏化太陽能電池的構造和工作原理 ............... 45
    3-3.2 染料敏化太陽電池的效能 ........................... 47
    3-3.3 實驗室內染料敏化太陽電池的組裝 ................... 48
    3-3.4 電解液添加雙咪唑離子液體的效能 ................... 49
    3-3.5 電解液添加N-烷基咪唑修飾矽倍半氧寡聚物
    之離子液體的效能 ....................................... 55
    3-4 化合物對甲醇的包覆現像 ............................. 59
    第四章 結論 ............................................ 63
    第五章 實驗流程
    5-1 雙咪唑離子液體的合成 ............................... 64
    5-1.1 雙咪唑離子液體[1-2-1]X(X=Br, SCN) ................ 65
    5-1.2 雙咪唑離子液體[4-2-4]Br .......................... 65
    5-1.3 雙咪唑離子液體[6-2-6]Br .......................... 65
    5-1.4 雙咪唑離子液體[8-2-8]Br .......................... 67
    5-1.5 雙咪唑離子液體[9-2-9]Br .......................... 68
    5-1.6 雙咪唑離子液體[10-2-10]X(X=Br, SCN) .............. 69
    5-1.7 雙咪唑離子液體[Bn-2-Bn]Br ........................ 71
    5-2 N-烷基咪唑修飾矽倍半氧寡聚物之離子液體的合成 ....... 72
    5-2.1 化合物1的合成 .................................... 72
    5-2.2 化合物2的合成 .................................... 72
    5-2.3 化合物3的合成 .................................... 73
    5-2.4 化合物4的合成 .................................... 74
    5-2.5 化合物5的合成 .................................... 75
    5-2.6 化合物6的合成 .................................... 75
    5-2.7 化合物7的合成 .................................... 76
    5-3 奈米二氧化鈦漿糊的製備 ............................. 77
    第六章 參考文獻 ........................................ 78
    Reference 1. Fannin, A. A.; Jr., Floreani, D. A.; King, L. A.; Landers,
    J. S.; Piersma, B. J.; Stech, D. J.; Vaughn, R. L.; Wilkes, R. L.; Williams, J. L. J. Phys. Chem. 1984, 88, 2614.
    2. Wilkes, J. S.; Levisky, J. A.; Wilson, R. A.; Hussey, C.
    L. Inorg. Chem. 1982, 21, 1263.
    3. Stegemann, H.; Rhode, A.; Reiche, A.; Schnittke, A.;
    Füllbier, H. Electrochim. Acta. 1992, 37, 379.
    4. Seddon, K. R. J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol. 1997, 68, 351.
    5. Sheldon, R. A. Chem. Commun. 2001, 2399.
    6. Wasserscheid, P.; Keim, W. Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2000, 39,
    3772.
    7. Sugden, S.; Wilkins, H. J. Chem. Soc. 1929, 1291.
    8. Hurley, F. H.; Wier, T. P. J. Electrochem. Soc. 1951, 98,
    230.
    9. Chum, H. L.; Koch, V. R.; Miller, L. L.; Osteryoung, R. A.
    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1975, 97, 3264.
    10. Scheffler, T. B.; Hussey, C. L.; Seddon, K. R.; Kear, C.
    M.; Armitage, P. D. Iong. Chem. 1983, 22, 2099.
    11. Osteryoung, R. A. Advances in Molten Salt Chemistry, G.
    Mamantov, C. Mamantov, Eds.; Elsevier, New York, 1983, Vols. 5 and 6.
    12.(a)Welton, T. Chem. Rev. 1999, 99, 2071.
    (b)Dupont, J.; Suarez, P. A. Z.; de Souza, R. F. Chem. Rev. 2002, 102, 3667.
    13. Huddleston, J. G.; Willauer, H. D.; Rogers, R. D. Chem.
    Commun. 1998, 1765.
    14. Kumar, V.; Parmar, V. S.; Malhotra, S. V. Tetrahed. Lett.
    2007, 48, 5, 809.
    15. Baker, S. N.; Brauns, E. B.; McCleskey, T. M.; Burrell, A. K.; Baker, G. A. Chem. Commun. 2006, 2851.
    16. Arce, A.; EarleM. J.; , Katdare, S. P.; Rodríguez, H.;
    Seddon, K. R. Chem. Commun. 2006, 2548.
    17. Jin, C. M.; Ye, C. F.; Phillips, B. S.; Zabinski, J. S.;
    Liu, X. Q.; Liu, W. M.; Shreeve, J. M. J. Mater. Chem. 2006, 16, 1529.
    18. Deetlefs, M.; Seddon, K. R.; Shara, M. New J. Chem. 2006,
    30, 317.
    19. Chang, D. K.; Chien, W. J.; Arunkumar, A. I. Biophys.
    1997, 72, 554.
    20. Abildgaard, F.; Jorgensen, A. M. M.; Led, J. J.;
    Christensen, T.; Jensen, E. B.; Junker, F.; Dalboge, H.
    Biochem. 1992, 31, 8587.
    21. Iijima, S. Nature, 1991, 56, 354.
    22. 實用奈米技術 張安華 主編 新文京開發出版社 民國94年。
    23. Olsson, K.; Gronwall, C. Arkiv. Kemi. 1963, 17, 529.
    24. Laine, R. M.; Choi, J.; Lee, I. Adv. Mater. 2001, 13, 800.
    25. Zhang, C.; Laine, R. M. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 122, 6979.
    26. Brown, J. F. Jr.; Vogt, L. H. Jr.; Prescott, P. I. J. Am.
    Chem. Soc. 1964, 86, 1120.
    27. (a) Zhang, C.; Laine, R. M. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2000, 122,
    6979.
    (b) Choi, J.; Harcup, J.; Yee, A.-F.; Zhu, Q.; Laine, R. M. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2001, 123, 11420.
    (c) Tamaki, R.; Choi, J.; Laine, R. M. Chem. Mater. 2003, 15, 793.
    (d) Feher, F. J. Organometallics 1991, 10, 2525.
    (e) Feher, F. J.; Soulivong, D.; Lewis, G. T. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1997, 119, 11323.
    (f) Feher, F. J.; Terroba, R.; Ziller, J. W. Chem. Commun. 1999, 2153.
    28. Harrison, P. G. J. Organomet. Chem. 1997, 542, 141.
    29. Baney, R. H.; Itoh, M.; Sakakibara, A.; Suzuki, T. Chem.
    Rev. 1995, 95, 1409.
    30. Loy, D. A.; Shea, K. Chem. Rev. 1995, 95, 1431.
    31. Feher, F. J.; Wyndham, K. D. Chem. Commun. 1998, 323.
    32. Liu, L.-K.; Chu, J.-B.; Slanina, Z.; Chow, T.-J. J. Chin.
    Chem. Soc. 2002, 49, 943.
    33. Liu, L. K.; Dare, E. O. J. Chin. Chem. Soc. 2004, 51, 175.
    34. Muehlhofer, M.; Strassner, T.; Herdtweck, E.; Herrmann ,W. A. J. Organomet. Chem. 2002, 660, 121.
    35. Pringle, J. M.; Golding, J.; Forsyth, C. M.; Deacon, G.
    B.; Forsyth, M.; MacFarlane, D. R. J. Mater. Chem. 2002, 12, 3475
    36. Dittmar, U.; Hendan, B. J.; Flörke, U.; and Marsmann, H.
    C. J. Organomet. Chem. 1995, 489, 185.
    37. Earle, M. J.; Gordon, C. M.; Plechkova, N. V.; Seddon, K.
    R.; Welton, T. Anal. Chem. 2007, 79(2), 758.
    38. Grࣩtzel, M. Inorg. Chem. 2005, 44, 6841.
    39. Palomares, E.; Coronado E.; Durrant, J. R.;
    Galán-Mascarós, J. R.; Grältzel, M.; Martí-Gastaldo, C.
    Nazeeruddin, M. K.; Vilar, R. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127, 12351.
    40. O’Regan, B.; Grätzel﹐M. Nature, 1991﹐353﹐737.
    41. Grätzel﹐M. Nature, 2001﹐ 414﹐ 338.
    42. Grätzel﹐M. J.Photochem. Photobio. A: Chem. 2004﹐
    164﹐3.
    43. Chen, C. Y.; Wu, S. J.; Wu, C. G.; Chen, J. G.; Ho, K. C.
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2006, 45, 5822.
    44. Wang, P.; Zakeeruddin, S. M.; Moser, J. E.;
    Humphry-Baker, R.; Comte, P.; Aranyos, V.; Hagfelde, A.;
    Nazeeruddin, M. K.; Grätzel, M. Adv. Mater. 2004, 16, 20,
    1806.
    45. Baker, S. N.; Baker, G. A.; Kane, M. A.; Bright, F. V. J.
    Phys. Chem. B 2001, 105, 9663.
    46. Linde, D. R. Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 82nd
    Edition, Ed., CRC Press, New York, 2001, 6182.
    47. Wang, P.; Zakeeruddin, S. M.; Baker, R. H.; Grätzel, M.
    Chem. Mater. 2004, 16, 2694.
    48. Karimi, B.; Enders, D. Org. Lett. 2006, 8, 1237.
    49. Valkenberg, M. H.; deCastro, C.; Hölderich, W. F. Green
    Chemistry, 2002, 4, 88.
    50. Dullius, J. E. L.; Suarez, P. A. Z.; Einloft, S.; de
    Souza, R. F.; Dupont, J. Organometallics 1998, 17, 815.
    Advisor
  • Ling-Kang Liu(劉陵崗)
  • Files
  • 93223030.pdf
  • approve in 2 years
    Date of Submission 2007-07-14

    [Back to Results | New Search]


    Browse | Search All Available ETDs

    If you have dissertation-related questions, please contact with the NCU library extension service section.
    Our service phone is (03)422-7151 Ext. 57407,E-mail is also welcomed.