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Student Number 92624005
Author Shun-Min Wang(王順民)
Author's Email Address 92624005@cc.ncu.edu.tw
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 2653 times. Download 1223 times.
Department Graduate Institute of Applied Geology
Year 2005
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title Lithostratigraphy and Sedimentary Facies Studies of the Cores from the Taiwan Chelungpu-fault Drilling Project A
Date of Defense 2006-07-03
Page Count 91
Keyword
  • cores
  • lithostratigraphy
  • sedimentary facies
  • Taiwan Chelungpu-fault Drilling Project
  • Abstract The continuous coring of the TCDP-A (Taiwan Chelungpu-Fault Drilling Project-A, 2003 m in drill depth) borehole recovered a Pliocene-Pleistocene Taiwan foreland sequence in central Taiwan. The drilled interval records the shallow marine sedimentation of an evolving foreland basin from its inception (i.e., the Kueichulin Formation, 1300m-1710m) through the under-filled stage (i.e., the Chinshui Shale, 1013m-1300m) into the mature/over-filled stage (i.e., the Cholan Formation, 0m-1013m, 1710m-2003m).
    The continuous cores provide us a unique opportunity to decipher the sedimentology and lithology of an evolving marine foreland basin through an integrated study of core lithofacies and geophysical wireline logs. Fifteen lithofacies and 12 trace-fossil assemblages were recognized from the TCDP-A cores on the basis of the lithology, grain size, sedimentary structure, degree of bioturbation, trace fossils, and fossils content. Genetically related lithofacies were then combined into 8 facies associations. These facies associations are deposits accumulated in environments of outer offshore, inner offshore, lower shoreface, upper shoreface, barrier complex, tidal flat, lagoon, and swamp, respectively. The vertical change of paleo-environments documents the Taiwan foreland basin evolving from an early overall transgressive phase(i.e., the Kueichulin Formation and Chinshui Shale) into a late regressive phase(i.e., the Cholan Formation).
    Table of Content 目  錄
    摘  要…………………………………………………………………I
    英文摘要………………………………………………………………...II
    誌  謝…………………………………………………………………III
    目  錄…………………………………………………………………IV
    圖  目……………………………………………………………….VII
    表  目…………………………………………………………………XI
    第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………..1
    1-1 前言……………….……………………………………...………. 1
    1-2 研究區域地質背景………..………………..…..……...…………2
    1-3 岩石地層.…………………………………………………………6
      1-3.1 桂竹林層………………..……………………………………6
      1-3.2 錦水頁岩……………………………………………….……7
      1-3.3 卓蘭層………………………………………………………..8
      1-3.4 頭嵙山層..……………………………………………………9
    1-4 TCDP-A..…………………………………………………………..9
    1-5 前人研究………………………………………………………..11
      1-5.1 前陸盆地的完整層序…………..…………………..………11
      1-5.2 盆地的沉陷速率………………..……………..……………11
      1-5.3 沉積環境研究.………………………………….…………12
    第二章 TCDP-A井岩性與地層…………………..……...…..……14
    2-1 研究方法..………….…..….……………………...…………….14
    2-2岩性描述……………….…………………….…………………..14
    2-3岩性地層…...…….………………………………………………41
    第三章 岩相分析………………………………………………….…..43
    3-1 岩相分類……..………………………………………………….43
    3-2 泥岩相………...……………………………………………..…..44
      3-2.1 塊狀泥岩相………………………………………………..44
      3-2.2 殘存紋理泥岩相…………………………………………… 44
      3-2.3 粉砂紋理泥岩相……………………………………………50
      3-2.4 富含有機質泥岩相……………………………….……….50
      3-2.5 含原生化石泥岩相……………………………….……….50
    3-3 砂頁岩互層….…………………………………………………..51
      3-3.1韻律紋理砂頁岩互層相…………………………………….51
      3-3.2暴風砂頁岩互層相………………………………………….51
    3-4 砂岩相………...…………………………………….……..……52
      3-4.1塊狀砂岩相……………………………………………….…52
      3-4.2生物擾動的砂岩相……………………………………….…53
      3-4.3低角度交錯層理砂岩相………………………………….…53
      3-4.4具沉積同時變形構造之砂岩相…………………………….54
      3-4.5具平行紋理之砂岩相……………………………………….54
      3-4.6具波狀紋理之砂岩相……………………………………….54
    3-5 化石相…………………………………………………………..55
      3-5.1 成層化石岩相…………………………………………….55
      3-5.2 無層理化石相…………………………………………….55
    3-6 岩性地層與岩相關係……..……...…………………………..…56
    第四章 沉積體系及沉積相…………………………………………...57
    4-1 沉積體系……………………………………………….………..57
    4.2 沉積相……………………………………………….…………..61
      4-2.1 江灣口-潟湖沉積體系………………………..…………..61
      4-2.1.1 障壁島相……………………………...…………………..61
      4-2.1.2 潮坪相………………………………………...…………..63
      4-2.1.3 潟湖相………………………...…………………………..64
      4-2.1.4 沼澤相………………………...…………………………..65
      4-2.2 淺海大陸棚沉積體系………………………...…………….65
      4-2.2.1 外遠濱相………………………...…………….………….65
      4-2.2.2 內遠濱相…………………..……...…….………………..66
      4-2.2.3 下濱面相………………………...…….……..…………..68
      4-2.2.4 上濱面相………………………...…….………..………..68
    4-3 岩性地層與沉積環境的關係………...…………………………83
    第五章 結論……………………………………………………………84
    參考文獻……………………………………………………………….85
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    Date of Submission 2006-07-22

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