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Student Number 92223030
Author Chiao-Li Tseng(曾巧立)
Author's Email Address 92223030@cc.ncu.edu.tw
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 2896 times. Download 10 times.
Department Chemistry
Year 2004
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title Analysis of perfluorooctanesulfonate and related fluorochemicals in water and biological tissue samples by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry
Date of Defense 2005-06-01
Page Count 113
Keyword
  • biological tissue analysis
  • ion-trap mass spectrometry
  • LC-MS
  • perfluorinated compounds
  • PFOA
  • PFOS
  • water analysis
  • Abstract A method for the determination of perfluorooctanesulfonate (PFOS), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) and perfluorodecanoate (PFDA) in various water and biological tissue samples was developed and validated in this study. The contents of PFCs in water samples were extracted by C18 solid-phase extraction (SPE). The biological tissue samples (frozen-dried fish and oysters) were simply extracted by liquid-solid extraction with MTBE and adding tetrabutylammonium hydrogensulfate (TBA) as an ion-pairing reagent. The analytes were then identified and quantitated by liquid chromatography-ion trap negative electrospray mass spectrometry (LC-ESI ion-trap-MS). Limits of quantitation (LOQ) were established between 0.5 to 6 ng/l in 250 ml of water sample, while 5 to 50 ng/g (dry weight) for biological tissue sample. Intrabatch and interbatch precision with their accuracy at two concentration levels were also investigated. Precision for these three PFCs, as indicated by RSD, proved to be less than 11 and 17%, respectively. The total contents of PFOA, PFOS and PFDA were detected in concentrations of up to 450 ng/l in various water samples, while up to 1100 ng/g in fish and oyster samples. PFOA and PFDA was the major PFCs detected in water samples and biological tissue samples, respectively.
    Table of Content 中文摘要 ------------------------------------------------------------------ Ⅰ
    英文摘要 ------------------------------------------------------------------ Ⅱ
    目錄 ----------------------------------------------------------------------- Ⅲ
    表目錄 -------------------------------------------------------------------- Ⅵ
    圖目錄 -------------------------------------------------------------------- Ⅶ
    第一章 前言 ----------------------------------------------------------- 1
    1-1 研究源起 ------------------------------------------------------- 1
    1-2 研究目標 ------------------------------------------------------- 6
    第二章 文獻回顧 ----------------------------------------------------- 8
    2-1 全氟界面活性劑 ---------------------------------------------- 8
    2-1-1 全氟界面活性劑簡介 --------------------------------- 8
    2-1-2 全氟界面活性劑之性質 ------------------------------ 9
    2-1-3 全氟界面活性劑之毒性 ------------------------------ 11
    2-1-4 國外對全氟界面活性劑之相關研究 -------------- 14
    2-2 液相層析質譜儀 ---------------------------------------------- 22
    2-2-1 質譜儀之游離技術發展 ----------------------------- 22
    2-2-2 電噴灑游離法之歷史發展 -------------------------- 24
    2-2-3 電噴灑游離法原理及反應機構 -------------------- 26
    2-2-4 電噴灑游離法之影響液滴形成因素 -------------- 31
    2-2-5 電噴灑游離法之基質效應及訊號與濃度關係 -- 32
    2-2-6 電噴灑游離法之優點 -------------------------------- 33
    2-2-7 離子阱質量分析器原理 ----------------------------- 34
    第三章 實驗步驟與樣品分析 -------------------------------------- 37
    3-1 實驗藥品與儀器設備 ---------------------------------------- 37
    3-1-1 實驗藥品 ----------------------------------------------- 37
    3-1-2 儀器設備 ----------------------------------------------- 39
    3-2 實驗步驟 ------------------------------------------------------- 40
    3-2-1 標準品的製備 ----------------------------------------- 40
    3-2-2 全氟界面活性劑的檢測 ----------------------------- 40
    3-2-3 水樣之萃取步驟 -------------------------------------- 43
    3-2-4 動物樣品之萃取與淨化 ----------------------------- 45
    第四章 結果與討論 -------------------------------------------------- 46
    4-1 液相層析質譜儀對全氟界面活性劑之分析 ------------- 46
    4-1-1 動相組成溶劑對於分析物感度之影響 ------------- 46
    4-1-2 霧化器壓力對於分析物感度之影響 ---------------- 47
    4-1-3 乾燥氣體流速及乾燥氣體溫度對於分析物感度之影響
    --------------------------------------------------------------- 48
    4-1-4 毛細管電壓對於分析物感度之影響 -------------- 50
    4-1-5 全氟界面活性劑之測定 ----------------------------- 51
    4-1-6 檢量線製作 -------------------------------------------- 56
    4-1-7 二次質譜定性分析 ----------------------------------- 58
    4-2 測定不同環境中全氟界面活性劑的濃度 ---------------- 61
    4-2-1 固相萃取管柱選擇 ----------------------------------- 61
    4-2-2 不同水樣基質的全氟界面活性劑回收率探討 ---- 63
    4-2-3 環境中全氟界面活性劑分析 ----------------------- 70
    4-3 測定不同生物檢體中全氟界面活性劑的濃度 ---------- 81
    4-3-1 不同生物檢體的全氟界面活性劑回收率探討 -- 81
    4-3-2 生物檢體中全氟界面活性劑分析 ----------------- 85
    第五章 結論與建議 -------------------------------------------------- 92
    5-1 結論 ------------------------------------------------------------- 92
    5-2 建議 ------------------------------------------------------------- 93
    參考文獻 ----------------------------------------------------------------- 94
    表目錄
    表1-1 內標準品及標準品之結構式與縮寫 ---------------------- 5
    表2-1 國外針對全氟界面活性劑化合物之水樣相關研究 ----- 16
    表2-2 國外針對全氟界面活性劑化合物之動物樣品相關研究 18
    表4-1 標準品與內標之主要選擇離子 ----------------------------- 57
    表4-2 五種分析物之檢量線線性關係與相對標準偏差值 ----- 57
    表4-3 五種分析物之偵測極限與定量極限 ----------------------- 57
    表4-4 三種固相萃取劑對全氟界面活性劑回收率之比較 ----- 62
    表4-5 分析物在不同水樣中之回收率與相對標準偏差值 ----- 65
    表4-6 Intrabatch & Interbatch 精確度測試 ------------------------ 65
    表4-7 全氟界面活性劑在不同水樣中的濃度 -------------------- 72
    表4-8 全氟界面活性劑在不同國家之地表水濃度比較 -------- 73
    表4-9 全氟界面活性劑在不同海域濃度比較 -------------------- 74
    表4-10 分析物在不同生物檢體中之回收率與相對標準偏差值 82
    表4-11 全氟界面活性劑在不同生物檢體中的濃度 ---------- 86
    表4-12 全氟界面活性劑在不同地區魚類濃度比較 ---------- 87
    表4-13 全氟界面活性劑在不同國家的牡蠣濃度比較 ------- 87
    圖目錄
    圖2-1 電噴灑游離法 -------------------------------------------------- 27
    圖2-2 泰勒錐 ----------------------------------------------------------- 27
    圖2-3 液滴形成離子過程 -------------------------------------------- 28
    圖2-4 (a)電荷殘留模式;(b)離子揮發模型;(c)1993 年芬恩修正的離
    子揮發理論 ----------------------------------------------------- 30
    圖2-5 .離子阱構造 ----------------------------------------------------- 35
    圖4-1 不同濃度之醋酸銨溶液對分析物感度之影響 ----------- 46
    圖4-2 霧化器壓力對分析物感度之影響 -------------------------- 47
    圖4-3 乾燥氣體流速對分析物感度之影響 ----------------------- 49
    圖4-4 乾燥氣體溫度對分析物感度之影響 ----------------------- 49
    圖4-5 毛細管電壓對分析物感度之影響 -------------------------- 50
    圖4-6 分析物標準品以ESI 負離子模式分析之質譜圖 -------- 52
    圖4-7 全氟界面活性劑與內標準品之選擇離子層析圖 -------- 55
    圖4-8 經由核磁共振光譜確認後的PFOS結構異構物之結構式 55
    圖4-9 分析物標準品以ESI 負離子模式分析之二次質譜圖 --- 59
    圖4-10 添加全氟界面活性劑於不同水樣之層析圖 ------------- 66
    圖4-11 水樣之選擇離子層析圖 ------------------------------------- 75
    圖4-12 水樣之ESI 負離子模式分析二次質譜圖比較 ----------- 79
    VII
    圖4-13 添加全氟界面活性劑於生物檢體之層析圖 ------------- 83
    圖4-14 生物檢體之選擇離子層析圖 ------------------------------- 88
    圖4-15 生物檢體之ESI 負離子模式分析二次質譜圖比較 ----- 90
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  • Wang-Hsien Ding(丁望賢)
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    Date of Submission 2005-06-13

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