|| N. Abramson, "The Aloha System Another Alternative for Computer Commu-|
nications", in Proc. of Joint Computer Conference, Vol 37, pp. 281285, 1970.
 N. Abramson, "Development of the ALOHANET", IEEE Transactions on In-
formation Theory, Vol 31, Issue 2, pp. 119-123, 1985.
 M. H. Ammar and D. S. Stevens, "A distributed TDMA rescheduling procedure
for mobile packet radio networks", in Proc. of IEEE ICC, Denver, pp. 1609-1613,
 L. Angrisanil, M. Bertocco, D. Fortin and A. Sona, "Assessing coexistence prob-
lems of IEEE 802.11b and IEEE 802.15.4 wireless networks through cross-layer
measurements", in Proc. of IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology
Conference, May, 2007.
 K. Arisha, M. Youssef, and M. Younis, "Energy-Aware TDMABased MAC for
Sensor Networks", in Proc. of IEEE Workshop Integrated Management of Power
Aware Comm. Computing and Networking, May 2002.
 A. Bakshi and V. K. Prasanna, "Energy-E°”cient Communication in Multi-
Channel Single-Hop Sensor Networks", in Proc. of the Tenth International Con-
ference Parallel and Distributed Systems, pp. 403, 2004.
 D. Bertsekas and R. Gallager, Data Networks, Prentice Hall, 2nd edition, 1992.
 G. Bianchi, "Performance Analysis of the IEEE 802.11 Distributed Coordination
Function", IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol 18, 2000.
 B. Bougard, F. Catthoor, D. C. Daly, A. Chandrakasan and W. Dehaene, "En-
ergy E°”ciency of the IEEE 802.15.4 Standard in Dense Wireless Micro sensor
Networks: Modelling and Improvement Perspectives", in Proc. of Design Au-
tomation and Test in Europe Conference and Exhibition, pp. 196-201, 2005.
 A. Boukerche, X. Cheng, and J. Linus, "A Performance Evaluation of a Novel
Energy-Aware Data-Centric Routing Algorithm in Wireless Sensor Networks",
Wireless Networks, Vol 11, Issue 5, pp. 619-635, 2005.
 E. Callaway, P. Gorday,L. Hester, J. A. Gutierrez, M. Naeve, B. Heile, and V.
Bahl, "Home networking with IEEE 802.15.4: a developing standard for low-rate
wireless personal area networks", IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol 40, Issue
8, pp. 70-77, Aug, 2002.
 B. Chen, K. Jamieson, H. Balakrishnan and R. Morris, "Span: An Energy-
E°”cient Coordination Algorithm for Topology Maintenance in Ad Hoc Wireless
Networks", in Proc. of IEEE/ACM MobiCom, Italy, July, 2001.
 X. Chen, P. Han, Q.-S. He, S.-L. Tu, and Z.-L. Chen, "A Multi-Channel MAC
Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks" in Proc. of the Sixth IEEE International
Conference on Computer and Information Technology, 2006.
 Y. Chen, Q. A. Zeng, D. P. Agrawal, "Performance Analysis and Enhancement
for IEEE 802.11 MAC Protocol", in Proc. of the IEEE International Conference
on Telecommunications, Vol 1, pp. 860-867, Mar, 2003.
 C. -F. Chiasserini and M. Garetto, "Modeling the Performance of Wireless Sensor
Networks", in Proc. of Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications
Societies, Vol 1, pp. 231, 2004.
 I. Chlamtac, W. R. Franta and K. Levin, "BRAM: The broadcast recognizing
access method", IEEE Transactions on Communications, Vol 27, Issue 8, 1979.
 I. Cidon and M. Sidi, "Distributed assignment algorithms for multihop packet
radio networks", IEEE Transactions on Computers, Vol 38, Issue 10, pp. 1353-
 T. V. Dam and K. Langendoen, "An Adaptive Energy-E°”cient MAC Protocol
for Wireless Sensor Networks", in Proc. of First ACM International Conference
on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems , 2003.
 S. C. Ergen and P. Varaiya, "PEDAMACS: Power E°”cient and Delay Aware
Medium Access Protocol for Sensor Networks", IEEE Trans. Mobile Computing,
Vol 5, Issue 7, pp. 920-930, July, 2006.
 D. Farber, J. Feldman, R. Heinrich, D. Hopwood, K. Larson, D. Loomis and L.
Rowe, "The distributed computing system", in Proc. of IEEE COMPCON, San
Francisco, CA, pp. 31-34, 1973.
 C. Florens and R. McEliece, "Packet Distribution Algorithms for Sensor Net-
works", in Proc. of IEEE INFOCOM, San Francisco, Mar., 2003.
 P. Gupta and P. R. Kumar, "The Capacity of Wireless Networks", IEEE Trans.
on Information Theory, Vol 46, 2000.
 J. A. Gutierrez, M. Naeve, E. Callaway, M. Bourgeois, V. Mitter, and B. Heile,
"IEEE 802.15.4: a developing standard for low-power low-cost wireless personal
area networks", IEEE Network, Vol 15, Issue 5, pp. 12-19, Sep, 2001.
 J. Hill, R. Szewczyk, A. Woo, S. Hollar, D. Culler, K. Pister, "System Architec-
ture Directions for Networked Sensors", in Proc. of the 9th International Con-
ference on Architectural Support for Programming Languages and Operating
Systems, pp. 91-104, Nov, 2000.
 L. F. W. V. Hoesel and P. J. M. Havinga, "A Lightweight Medium Access Pro-
tocol (LMAC) for Wireless Sensor Networks", in Proc. of First International
Workshop Networked Sensing Systems, June, 2004.
 A. E. Hoiydi and J.-D. Decotignie, "WiseMAC: An Ultra Low Power MAC Pro-
tocol for Multi-Hop Wireless Sensor Networks," in Proc. of First International
Workshop Algorithmic Aspects of Wireless Sensor Networks, July, 2004.
 I. Howitt, R. Neto, J. Wang, and J. M. Conrad, "Extended Energy Model for the
Low Rate WPAN", in Proc. of 2nd IEEE International Conference on Mobile
Ad Hoc and Sensor Systems, 2005.
 http://www.chipcon.com/°¬les/CC2420 Data Sheet 1 4.pdf Data sheet for
CC2420 2.4GHz IEEE 802.15.4 = ZigBee RF transceiver.
 http://www.xbow.com/Products/Product pdf °¬les/ Wire-
less pdf/MICAz Datasheet.pdf.
 J. Huang, Y. Huang, E. Callaway, Q. Shi and B. O'Dea, "Simulation of a Low
Duty Cycle Protocol", in Proc. of OPNETWORK, USA, Aug., 2001.
 IEEE. Wireless Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Spec-
i°¬cations (IEEE 802.11), 1999.
 IEEE Std 802.15.1-2002, "Wireless medium access control (MAC) and physical
layer (PHY) speci°¬cations for wireless personal area networks", 2002.
 IEEE Std 802.15.2-2003, "Coexistence of Wireless Personal Area Networks with
Other Wireless Devices Operating in Unlicensed Frequency Bands", 2003.
 IEEE: Wireless Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY)
Speci°¬ca- tions for High Rate Wireless Personal Area Networks WPANs, IEEE
standard part 15.3 Std. IEEE Std 802.15.3, Sept., 2003.
 IEEE. Wireless Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY)
speci°¬cations for low-rate wireless personal area networks (LR-WPANs) (IEEE
802.15.4), Sept, 2006.
 IEEE standard for local and metropolitan area networks part 16: Air interface
for °¬xed broadband wireless access systems, May, 2004.
 C. Intanagonwiwat, R. Govindan and D. Estrin, "Direct Di®usion: A Scal-
able and Robust Communication Paradigm for Sensor Networks", in Proc. of
IEEE/ACM MobiCom, Boston, Aug., 2000.
 R. Jain, A. Puri and R. Sengupta, "Geographical Routing for Wireless Ad Hoc
Networks Using Partial Information", IEEE Personal Comm., Feb., 2001.
 V. Kanodia, C. Li, A. Sabharwal, B. Sadeghi , and E. Knightly, "Ordered Packet
Scheduling in Wireless Ad Hoc Networks: Mechanisms and Performance Analy-
sis", in Proc. of ACM MobiHoc, 2002.
 L. Kleinrock, Queuing Systems: Vol. I. - Theory. John Wiley and Sons, New
 L. Kleinrock, and M. O. Scholl, "Packet switching in radio channels: New
conĘXict-free multiple access schemes", IEEE Transactions on Communications,
Vol 28, Issue 7, pp. 1015-1029, 1980.
 L. Kleinrock and F. Tobagi, "Packet switching in radio channels: Part I - carrier
sense multiple access modes and their throughput delay characteristics", IEEE
Transactions on Communications, Vol 23, Issue 12, pp. 1400-1416, 1975.
 A. Kouba, M. Alves and E. Tovar, "A Comprehensive Simulation Study of Slotted
CSMA/CA for IEEE 802.15.4 Wireless Sensor Networks", in Proc. of 6th IEEE
International Workshop on Factory Communication Systems, Jun, 2006.
 J. Kulik, W. R. Heinzelman and H. Balakrishnan, "Negotiation based Proto-
cols for Disseminating Information in Wireless Sensor Networks", in Proc. of
ACM/IEEE MobiCom, Seattle, Aug., 1999.
 S. S. Kulkarni and M. U. Arumugam, "TDMA Service for Sensor Networks",
in Proc. of 24th International Conference Distributed Computing Systems Work-
shops, Mar., 2004.
 K. Langendoen and G. Halkes, In Embedded Systems Handbook, Chapter 34:
Energy- E°”cient Medium Access Control, CRC Press, 2005.
 J. S. Lee, "An experiment on performance study of IEEE 802.15.4 wireless net-
works", in Proc. of IEEE 10th International Conference on Emerging Technolo-
gies and Factory Automation, Sep, 2005.
 P. Levis, N. Lee, M. Welsh, D. Culler, "TOSSIM: Accurate and Scalable Simula-
tion of Entire TinyOS Applications", in Proc. of the 1st Iinternational Conference
on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems, pp. 126-137, Nov, 2003.
 X. Li, Q. A. Zeng, "Performance Analysis of IEEE 802.11 MAC Protocols over
WLANs with Capture E®ect", in Proc. of the 2nd International Conference on
Mobile Computing and Ubiquitous Networking, Apr, 2005.
 G. Lu, B. Krishnamachari, and C. S. Raghavendra, "An Adaptive Energy-
E°”cient and Low-Latency MAC for Data Gathering in Wireless Sensor Net-
works", in Proc. of 18th International Conference Parallel and Distributed Pro-
cessing Symp., pp. 224, Apr., 2004.
 G. Lu, B. Krishnamachari and C. S. Raghavendra, "Performance Evaluation of
the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC for Low-Rate Low-Power Wireless Networks, in Proc.
of IEEE Workshop on Energy-E°”cient Wireless Communications and Networks,
 J. Ma, M. Gao, Q. Zhang, L. M. Ni, and W. Zhu, "Localized Low-Power Topology
Control Algorithms in IEEE 802.15.4-Based Sensor Networks", in Proc. of 25th
IEEE International Conference on ICDCS, June, 2005.
 J. Martin, Communication Satellite systems, Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1978.
 MC13192 Datasheet (ver1.0),2004,freescale.
 A. F. Mini, B. Nath, and A. A. F. Loureiro, "A Probabilistic Approach to Predict
the Energy Consumption in Wireless Sensor Networks", in Proc of 4th Workshop
de Comunicao sem Fio e Computao Mvel, Brazil, Oct., 2002.
 J. Misic, S. Sha°¬ and V. B. Misic, "Admission control in 802.15.4 beacon enabled
clusters", in Proc. of International Conference on Communications and Mobile
Computing, July, 2006.
 J. Misic, S. Sha°¬, V. B. Misic, "Performance of a Beacon Enabled IEEE 802.15.4
Cluster with Downlink and Uplink Tra°”c", IEEE Transactions on Parallel and
Distributed Systems, Vol 17, Issue 4, pp. 361-376, 2006.
 J. Misic and V. B. Misic, "Duty Cycle Management in Sensor Networks Based
on 802.15.4 Beacon Enabled MAC", Journal of Ad Hoc and Sensor Wireless
Networks, Vol 1, pp. 207-233, 2005.
 J. Misic, V. B. Misic and S. Sha°¬, "Performance of IEEE 802.15.4 Beacon En-
abled PAN with Uplink Transmission in Non-Saturation Mode - Access Delay
for Finite Bu®ers", in Proc. of 1st IEEE International Conference on Broadband
Networks, pp. 416-425, Oct, 2004.
 C. S. R. Murthy and B. S. Manoj, Ad Hoc Wireless Networks: Architectures
and Protocols, Prentice Hall.
 R. Nelson and L. Kleinrock, "Spatial TDMA: A collision free multihop channel
access protocol", IEEE Transactions on Communications, Vol 33, Issue 9, pp.
 Q. Ni, I. Aad, C. Barakat, T. Turletti, "Modeling and Analysis of Slow CW
Decrease for IEEE 802.11 WLAN", in Proc. of the 14th IEEE International
Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Communications, Vol 2, pp.
1717-1721, Sep, 2003.
 J. Olenewa, and M. Ciampa, Wireless: Guide to Wireless Communications (2nd
ed.). Thomson Course Technology, United States, 2007.
 T. R. Park, T. H. Kim, J. Y. Choi, S. Choi and W. H. Kwon, "Throughput
and Energy Consumption Analysis of IEEE 802.15.4 Slotted CSMA-CA", IEE
Electronics Letters, Vol 41, Issue 18, 2005.
 G. Pei and C. Chien, "Low Power TDMA in Large Wireless Sensor Networks",
in Proc. of IEEE Military Comm. Conference, Oct., 2001.
 M. Petrova, J. Riihijarvi, P. Mahonen and S. Labella, "Performance Study of
IEEE 802.15.4 Using Measurements and Simulations", in Proc. of IEEE Wireless
Communications and Networking Conference, Vol 1, pp. 487-492, 2006.
 J. Polastre, J. Hill, and D. Culler, "Versatile Low Power Media Access for Wire-
less Sensor Networks", in Proc. of Second ACM International Conference on
Embedded Networked Sensor Systems, Nov., 2004.
 S. Pollin, M. Ergen, S. C. Ergen, B. Bougard, L. V. der Perre, F. Catthoor, I. Mo-
erman, A. Bahai and P. Varaiya, "Performance Analysis of Slotted IEEE 802.15.4
Medium Access Layer", http://www.soe.ucsc.edu/research/ccrg/DAWN/ pa-
 C. S. Raghavendra and S. Singh, "PAMAS - Power Aware Multi-Access Protocol
with Signalling for Ad Hoc Networks," Computer Communications Review, July,
 V. Rajendran, K. Obraczka, and J. J. Garcia, and L. Aceves, "Energy- E°”cient
Collision-Free Medium Access Control for Wireless Sensor Networks", in Proc. of
First ACM International Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor Systems,
 V. Rajendran, J.J. Garcia, L. Aceves, and K. Obraczka, "Energy- E°”cient,
Application-Aware Medium Access for Sensor Networks", in Proc. of Second
IEEE International Conference Mobile Ad Hoc and Sensor Systems, Nov., 2005.
 I. Rhee, A. Warrier, M. Aia, and J. Min, Z-MAC: A Hybrid MAC for Wireless
Sensor Networks, Proc. Third ACM Intl Conf. Embedded Networked Sensor
Systems (SenSys 05), Nov. 2005.
 P. K. Sahoo, J.-P. Sheu, and Y.-C. Chang, "Performance Evaluation of Wireless
Sensor Network with Hybrid Channel Access Mechanism, Journal of Networks
and Computer Applications, Vol 32, Issue 4, pp. 878-888, 2009.
 C. Schurgers, V. Tsiatsis, S. Ganeriwal and M. Srivastava, "Topology Manage-
ment for Sensor Networks: Exploiting Latency and Density", in Proc. of 3rd
ACM International Symposium on Mobile Ad Hoc Networking and Computing,
 C. K. Singh and A. Kumar, "Performance Evaluation of an IEEE 802.15.4 Sensor
Network with a Star Topology", ece.iisc.ernet.in/ anurag/papers/anurag/singh-
 S. Singh and C. S. Raghavendra, "PAMAS: Power Aware Multi-Access Protocol
with Signaling for Ad Hoc Networks", ACM Computer Communication Review,
pp. 5-26, 1998.
 Q. Shi, S. Kyperountas, N. S. Correal and N. Feng, "Performance Analysis of
Relative Location Estimation for Multihop Wireless Sensor Networks", IEEE
Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, Vol 23, Issue 4, pp. 830-838,
 S. Y. Shin, H. S. Parky, S. Choi, W. H. Kwon, "Packet Error Rate Analysis of
IEEE 802.15.4 under IEEE 802.11b Interference", Lecture Notes in Computer
Science, May, 2005.
 V. Shnayder, M. Hempstead, B. Chen, G. W. Allen, and M. Welsh, "Simulating
the Power Consumption of Large-Scale Sensor Network Applications", in Proc.
of the 2nd International Conference on Embedded Networked Sensor System,
pp. 188-200, Nov, 2004.
 Y. C. Tay, K. C. Chua, "A Capacity Analysis for the IEEE 802.11 MAC Proto-
col", ACM Wireless Networks, Vol 7, Issue 2, pp. 159-171, 2001.
 N. F. Timmons and W. G. Scanlon, "Analysis of the Performance of IEEE
802.15.4 for Medical Sensor Body Area Networks", in Proc. of 1st IEEE In-
ternational Conference on Sensor and Ad Hoc Communications and Networks,
 F. A. Tobagi, L. Kleinrock, "Packet Switching in Radio Channels: Part IV - Sta-
bility Considerations and Dynamic Control in Carrier Sensoe Multiple Access",
IEEE Transaction on Communications, Vol 25, Issue 10, Oct, 1977.
 M. Torrent-Moreno, D. Jiang, and H. Hartenstein, "Broadcast reception rates
and e®ects of priority access in 802.11-based vehicular ad-hoc networks", in Proc.
of ACM VANET, pp. 1018, 2004.
 T. V. Truong, "TDMA in mobile radio networks", pp. 504-507, 1984.
 A. J. Viterbi, CDMA: Principles of Spread Spectrum Communication, Addison-
Wesley, Reading, MA, 1995.
 J. Xiao and G. Zeng, "An Adaptive Message Passing MAC for Wireless Sensor
Networks", in Proc. of IEEE Wireless Communications, Networking and Mobile
Computing Conference, pp. 2448-2451, 2007.
 R. M. Yadumurthy, C. H. Adithya, M. Sadashivaiah, and R. Makanaboyina,
"Reliable MAC broadcast protocol in directional and omni-directional transmis-
sions for vehicular ad hoc networks", in Proc. of ACM VANET, pp. 1019, 2005.
 F. Ye, H. Luo, J. Cheng, S. Lu and L. Zhang, "A Two-tier Data Dissemina-
tion Model for Large-scale Wireless Sensor Networks", in Proc. of ACM/IEEE
MobiCom, Atlanta, Sep., 2002.
 W. Ye, J. Heidemann, and D. Estrin, "An Energy-E°”cient MAC Protocol for
Wireless Sensor Networks," in Proc. of IEEE INFOCOM, June 2002.
 W. Ye, J. Heidemann and D. Estrin, "Medium access control with coordinated
adaptive sleeping for wireless sensor networks", IEEE/ACM Transactions on
 R. Zheng, J. Hou and L. Sha, "Asynchronous Wakeup for Power Management
in Ad Hoc Networks", in Proc. of IEEE MobiHoc, Annapolis, MD, June, 2003.
 J. Zheng and M. J. Lee, "Will IEEE 802.15.4 Make Ubiquitous Networking a
Reality?: A Discussion on a Potential Low Power, Low Bit Rate Standard",
IEEE Communications Magazine, Vol 42, Issue 6, pp. 140-146, 2004.
 J. Zheng and M. J. Lee, "A Comprehensive Performance Study of IEEE
802.15.4", IEEE Press Book, 2004.
 T. Zheng, S. Radhakrishnan and V. Sarangan, "PMAC: An Adaptive Energy-
E°”cient MAC Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks", in Proc. of IEEE Inter-
national Parallel and Distributed Processing Symposium, 2005.