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Student Number 91322052
Author Tsung-Hsun Sung(宋宗勳)
Author's Email Address s1322052@cc.ncu.edu.tw
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 4111 times. Download 1519 times.
Department Civil Engineering
Year 2003
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title The study of surveying asphalt pavement condition index
Date of Defense 2004-06-18
Page Count 144
Keyword
  • Grade
  • Pavement Condition Index (PCI)
  • Survey
  • Abstract With the society of Taiwan develops rapidly, the roads develop rapidly, too. In the condition that all kinds of roads in Taiwan developed well, the road projects changed from the roads are going up to the roads are maintained and managed. The maintaining and managing department’s business changes form checked before acceptance to surveyed the pavement condition. It’s helpful to maintain and manage all kinds of cracks and conditions about the pavement and provide high service quality to service the public. Surveying Pavement Condition Index is the most important thing in the pavement condition surveys by the standard of ASTM D 6433-99. It’s main surveying completeness of the pavement structure and the condition of the surface service quality to provide objective and reasonable foundation for the policies of maintaining and managing the pavement.
    According to the standard of ASTM D 6433-99, the most traditional way of the PCI surveys is that PCI is recorded by writing and determination the condition through visual surveys, and it needs quantities of manpower and time to survey. Because the defects could be offset by the progress of computer, we often use computers to assist in the PCI surveys. We also use digital camera’s characteristic to assist in collecting pavement condition that show the cracks of roads. We use GPS to provide the coordinate of the crack of the road.
    Because the way of the PCI surveys is through visual surveys, the errors of the PCI surveys’ result occur by grader’s subject. We used analysis of variance (ANOVA) to analyze the relation between the results of different graders, roads and the ways to the PCI surveys. And we use sensibility analysis to all kinds of cracks in the standard of the PCI surveys to get the most important factor that effected upon the result of the PCI surveys. Finally, we decrease the events of the standard of ASTM D 6433-99. What we estimated for the five events of the PCI surveys of the countryside roads in Taoyuan country is the opening and potholes, patching and utility cut patching, alligator cracking, longitudinal and transverse cracking, vary of the pavement.
    We estimated for the asphalt pavement of the freeway, the roads of the province, the roads of the county, the roads of the country, the roads of the urban. Because the maintaining and managing about the asphalt pavement of the freeway and the roads of the province was easier then the roads of the county, the roads of the country, the roads of the urban, the cracks can be dealt with soon. The asphalt pavement of the freeway and the roads of the province that the condition grade was good only was occurred cracks of the weathering and raveling, because the weather in Taiwan was hot and rainy. We survey one more event of the crack that is the weathering and raveling on the asphalt pavement of the freeway and the roads of the province.
    Table of Content 第一章 緒論1
    1.1 研究動機1
    1.2 研究目的2
    1.3 研究內容及方法3
    1.4 研究流程3
    1.5 論文章節內容與研究成果5
    第二章 文獻回顧7
    2.1 國外柔性路面狀況指標7
    2.1.1 鋪面狀況指標(Pavement Condition Index, PCI)7
    2.1.2 鋪面狀況評級(Pavement Condition Rating, PCR)12
    2.1.3 其他相關鋪面狀況指標13
    2.2 國內柔性路面狀況指標14
    2.3 國內外檢測方式16
    2.4 路面狀況指標相關軟體17
    2.5 變異數分析與靈敏度分析19
    2.5.1 變異數分析19
    2.5.2 靈敏度分析21
    第三章 鋪面狀況指標檢測方式25
    3.1 鋪面狀況指標檢測方式之選擇26
    3.1.1 以單張影像來檢測路面狀況26
    3.1.2 以連續影像來加強路面狀況27
    3.1.3 數位攝影機28
    3.1.4 數位像機與數位攝影機之比較32
    3.1.5 全球衛星定位系統33
    3.1.6 數位化音頻調變資料儲存系統34
    3.2 鋪面狀況指標檢測系統35
    3.2.1 鋪面狀況指標檢測設備之組構35
    3.2.2 鋪面狀況指標檢測系統之建立38
    3.2.3 鋪面狀況指標之數據取得43
    3.3 鋪面狀況指標檢測誤差來源因子配置48
    第四章 鋪面狀況指標之分析51
    4.1 鋪面狀況指標評級51
    4.1.1 路段PCI真值與傳統PCI評級55
    4.1.2 路段PCI真值與外業PCI評級59
    4.1.3 路段PCI真值與內業PCI評級62
    4.1.4 傳統PCI真值與外業PCI評級65
    4.1.5 傳統PCI真值與內業PCI評級67
    4.1.6 外業PCI真值與內業PCI評級68
    4.2 PCI評級誤判對真值之靈敏度分析70
    4.2.1 19種破壞評級誤判72
    4.2.2 嚴重程度評級誤判77
    4.2.3 破壞範圍誤判79
    4.3 檢測方式與時間、人力、PCI正確性之分析81
    4.3.1 PCI評級方式與時間、人力81
    4.3.2 PCI評級方式與PCI正確性82
    4.3.3 PCI評級方式與時間、人力、PCI正確性83
    4.4 桃園縣鄉道之PCI檢測項目85
    第五章 適用道路等級89
    5.1 國道柔性鋪面89
    5.2 省道92
    5.3 縣道94
    5.4 鄉道97
    5.5 市區道路99
    第六章 結論與建議101
    6.1 結論101
    6.2 建議103
    參考文獻105
    附錄一 PCI中19項破壞PCI變化值分析圖107
    附錄二 柔性鋪面PCI檢測書117
    附錄三 CCD發展歷史139
    附錄四 各類CCD受光原理143
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    Advisor
  • Jyh-Dong Lin(林志棟)
  • Files
  • 91322052.pdf
  • approve immediately
    Date of Submission 2004-07-08

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