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Student Number 90642001
Author Yueh-Iuan Ger;Yueh-Iuan(葛岳淵)
Author's Email Address No Public.
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Department Graduate Institute of Geophysics
Year 2009
Semester 2
Degree Ph.D.
Type of Document Doctoral Dissertation
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title An electric resistivity study of the Chelungpu fault and Mei-Shan fault in Taiwan
Date of Defense 2010-07-12
Page Count 134
Keyword
  • Chelungpu fault
  • Chi-Chi earthquake fault
  • Mei-Shan fault
  • resistivity image profiling(RIP)
  • Tachienshan fault
  • Abstract We conducted electric resistivity surveys consisting of fifty-eight resistivity image profilings across the Chelungpu fault zone and sixteen resistivity image profilings in the Mei-Shan fault area to investigate the character, attitude, resistivity of layers and the subsurface structures of the two faults.
    1. The Chi-Chi earthquake fault dips 60°-80°eastwardly in the Shihkang-Fengyuan area. The fracture zone is about 30 meters wide on the ground surface and is 10-15 meters in depth of 30-80 meters in the northern side of the Tachia river. The one of the Chi-Chi earthquake fracture zone is about 90 meters wide in the southern side of the Tachia river. The fracture zone is about 90 meters wide on the ground surface and is 60 meters in depth of 30-120 meters in the Fengyuan area. The Chi-Chi earthquake rupture developed in the Cholan Formation in the Shihkang area and in the Chinshui Shale in the Fengyuan area.
    2. In the Tanzi area, the main shear zone of the Chi-Chi earthquake rupture is 300-800 m apart to the east of the Chelungpu fault on the ground surface. The Chelungpu fault dips 15°-25°eastwardly in depth of 0-120 m and about 30°-50° in depth of 120-3000 m. The Chi-Chi earthquake rupture dips 30°-40°eastwardly in depth of 0-120 m and about 25°-35° in depth of 120-3000 m. Sanyi fault is cut by the Chelungpu fault near the ground surface and dips 30°-40° eastwardly in depth of 50-120 m. The Chi-Chi earthquake rupture developed in the Cholan Formation in this area. The main shear zone developed in the boundary between the Chinshui Shale and the Toukoshan Formation. The Sanyi fault developed in the boundary between the Kueichulin Formation and the Toukoshan Formation. The Chi-Chi earthquake rupture in Taichung developed in the main shear zone and dips about 55°-65° eastwardly.
    3. The Chi-Chi earthquake rupture in the Taichung area developed in the main shear zone which developed in the Chinshui Shale on the hanging wall and in the alluvium and the Toukoshan Formation on the foothill and dips about 50°-70°east-southwardly.
    4. The Chi-Chi earthquake rupture is a reverse fault including several fracture zones in the Tsaotun area and dips 50°-60° eastwardly. Not all the fractures of the Chelungpu fault system moved during the Chi-Chi earthquake, but they were active previously. The back thrust developed in the Cholan Formation and dips 40°-70°westwardly. Several fracture zones exists in the south end of the back thrust and there dip angle are vertical approximately.
    5. In the Nantou-Mingjian-Zhushan area, the Chi-Chi earthquake rupture developed in or near the main shear zone of the Chelungpu fault and dips 50°-70°eastwardly. The fault zone is the shape of stairs in several areas. The Chelungpu fault has been very active in this area.
    6. In the Zhushan-Tongtou area, the Tachienshan fault which developed in the boundary between the Cholan Formation and the Kueichulin Formation is the southward extension of the Chelungpu fault and dips 60°-70°eastwardly. The fracture zone is 50-100 m wide on the ground surface.
    7. The resistivity of the layer along the Chelungpu fault are alluvium 60-2400 Ω-m, terrace deposits 100-2400 Ω-m, Toukoshan Formation 100-4000 Ω-m, Cholan Formation 5-100 Ω-m, Chinshui Shale 5-60 Ω-m and Kueichulin Formation 5-150 Ω-m.
    8. The main shear zone of the Meishan fault developed in the boundary which the southern the Hsiangshan Facies of the the Toukoshan Formation thrust to the northern lateritic terrace deposits in the Kaiyuanhou-Dapumei farm area and developed in the boundary between the southern terrace deposits and the northern alluvium in the Mayuanliao area. The main shear zone dips 65°-75°east-southwardly and the dip angle of sub-ruptures are vertical approximately .
    9. The resistivity of the layer along the Meishan fault are alluvium 20-500 Ω-m, terrace deposits 200-400 Ω-m, lateritic terrace deposits 200-4000 Ω-m, Toukoshan Formation 40-300 Ω-m.
    10. The distribution of main shear zone and the sub-rupture of the Meishan fault shows the fault zone may be 1200 m wide at least in the Kaiyuanhou-Mayuanliao area.
    Table of Content 中文提要…………………………………………………………i
    英文提要…………………………………………………………iii
    誌謝…………………………………………………………vi
    目錄…………………………………………………………vii
    表目…………………………………………………………ix
    圖目…………………………………………………………x
    第一章緒論……………………………………………………1
    1.1研究動機及目的………………………………………1
    1.2文獻回顧………………………………………………2
    第二章研究區域概述…………………………………………7
    2.1研究區域位置及地理環境概況………………………7
    2.2地質概況………………………………………………7
    第三章研究原理與方法………………………………………13
    3.1直流電阻法……………………………………………13
    3.2直流電阻法施測方法…………………………………14
    3.3直流電阻法儀器系統…………………………………15
    3.4資料處理與解釋………………………………………15
    3.5電阻率影像剖面中斷層帶之描繪……………………16
    第四章研究結果………………………………………………21
    4.1車籠埔斷層……………………………………………21
    4.1.1石岡-豐原段…………………………………………21
    4.1.2潭子-臺中-太平段…………………………………23
    4.1.3霧峰段…………………………………………………28
    4.1.4草屯段…………………………………………………29
    4.1.5南投-名間-竹山段…………………………………30
    4.1.6竹山-桶頭段…………………………………………34
    4.1.7車籠埔斷層之地層電阻率……………………………35
    4.1.8車籠埔斷層之分段……………………………………35
    4.1.9車籠埔斷層兩端之延伸或結束………………………36
    4.2梅山斷層………………………………………………37
    4.2.1崎腳-開元後地區………………………………………37
    4.2.2大埔美農場地區………………………………………40
    4.2.3麻園寮地區……………………………………………42
    4.2.4豐收村…………………………………………………42
    4.2.5梅山斷層之地層電阻率………………………………43
    4.2.6綜合討論………………………………………………43
    第五章討論與結論……………………………………………81
    5.1車籠埔斷層……………………………………………81
    5.1.1討論……………………………………………………81
    5.1.2結論……………………………………………………82
    5.2梅山斷層………………………………………………84
    5.2.1討論……………………………………………………84
    5.2.2結論……………………………………………………85
    5.3車籠埔斷層與梅山斷層之破裂帶寬度比較之討論…85
    參考文獻…………………………………………………………87
    附錄A車籠埔斷層之電阻率影像剖面探測結果……………94
    附錄B梅山斷層之電阻率影像剖面探測結果………………126
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    Advisor
  • Ping-Hu Cheng(陳平護)
  • Chow-Son Chen(陳洲生)
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    Date of Submission 2010-07-21

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