||1.J. E. Hatch, “Aluminum: properties and physical metallurgy”, ASM International, Metals Park, Ohio, 1984, pp. 320-377.|
2.J. R. Davis, “Aluminum and aluminum alloys”, ASM International Materials Park, Ohio, 1994, pp.199-228.
3.Knutsson and G. Sjoberg, “Aluminum use in the automotive industry”, Light Metals, TMS, 1992, pp. 1137-1141.
4.J. E. Gruzleski and B. M. Closset, “The treatment of liquid aluminum-silicon alloys”, AFS Inc., Illinois, 1990, p. 13.
5.G. T. Hahn and A. R. Roesnfield, “Metallurgical factors affecting fracture toughness of aluminum alloys”, Metall. Trans. A, Vol.6, 1975, pp. 653-670.
6.E. N. Pan, M. W. Hsieh, S. S. Jang and C. R. Loper, “Study of the influence of processing parameters on the microstructure and properties of A356 aluminum alloy”, AFS Trans., Vol. 97, 1989, pp. 397-414.
7.W. Laorchan and J. E. Gruzleski, “Grain refinement, modification and melt hydrogen-their effects on micro-porosity, shrinkage and impact properties in A356 alloy”, AFS Trans., Vol.100, 1992, pp. 415-424.
8.邱弘興,胡瑞峰,.潘永寧, “製程參數對A356 鋁合金孔洞影響之探討”,中國機械工程會第八屆學術研討會, 台北市、民國80年11月24日, pp. 983-992.
9.A. M. Samuel and F. H. Samuel, “A metal-graphic study of porosity and fracture in relation to the tensile properties in 319.2 end chill castings”, Metall. Mater. Trans. A, Vol. 26, 1995, pp. 2359-2372.
10.A. M. Samuel and F. H. Samuel, “Effect of melt treatment, solidification conditions and porosity level on the tensile properties of 319.2 end chill aluminum castings”, J. Mater. Sci., Vol. 30, 1995, pp. 4823-4833.
11.R. Dasgupta, C. C. Brown and S. Marek, “Effect of increased magnesium content on the mechanical properties of sand-cast 319 aluminum alloy”, AFS Trans., Vol. 97, 1989, pp. 245-253.
12.D. Argo and J. E. Gruzleski, “Porosity in modified aluminum alloy castings”, AFS Trans., Vol. 96, 1988, pp. 65-74.
13.W. R. Opie and N. J. Grant, “Hydrogen solubility in aluminum and some aluminum alloys”, Trans. AIME, Vol.188, 1950, pp. 1237-1241.
14.Aladar Pacz, United States Patent 1,387,900, Aug. 16, 1921.
15.G. K. Sigworth, “Theoretical and practical aspects of the modification of Al-Si alloys”, AFS Trans., Vol. 91, 1983, pp. 7-16.
16.T. J. Hurley and R. G. Atkinson, “Effects of modification practice on aluminum A356 alloys”, AFS Trans., Vol. 93,1985, pp. 291-296.
17.N. Handisk, J. E. Gruzleski and D. Argo, “Sodium, strontium, and antimony interactions during modification of AS7G03(A356) alloys”, AFS Trans., Vol. 95, 1987, pp. 31-38.
18.Liu Qiyang, Li Qingchun and Liu Qifu, “Modification of Al-Si alloys with sodium”, Acta Metall. Mater.., Vol.39, 1991, pp. 2497-2502.
19.S. Z. Lu and A. Hellawell, “The mechanism of silicon modification in aluminum-silicon alloys: impurity induced twinning”, Metall. Trans., Vol. 18 ,1987, pp. 1721-1733.
20.M. D. Hanna, S. Z. Lu and A. Hellawell, “Modification in aluminum-silicon system”, Metall. Trans., Vol.15, 1984, pp. 459-469.
21.B. Closset and J. E. Gruzleski, “Structure and properties of hypoeutectic Al-Si-Mg alloys modified with pure strontium”, Metall. Trans. A, Vol.13, 1982, pp. 945-951.
22. M. Shamsuzzoha, L. M. Hogan and J. T. Berry, “Effects of modifying agents on crystallography and growth of silicon phase in Al-Si casting alloys”, AFS Trans.,Vol. 102, 1993, pp. 999-1005.
23. S. Khan and R. Elliot, “Effect of antimony on the growth kinetics of aluminum-silicon eutectic alloys”, J. Mater. Sci., Vol.29 , 1994, pp. 736-741.
24. A. I. Telli and S. E. Kisakurek, “Effect of antimony additions on the silicon spacing in directionally solidified Al-Si eutectics”, Scripta Metall., Vol.20, 1986, pp.1657-1660..
25. W. Wang and J. E. Gruzleski, “Interactive effects during sodium or strontium treatment of antimony containing A356 alloy”, AFS Trans., Vol. 98, 1990, pp. 227-233.
26. N. Tenekedjiev, D. Argo and J. E. Gruzleski, “Sodium, strontium and phosphorus effects in hypereutectic Al-Si alloys”, AFS Trans., Vol. 97, 1989, pp.127-136.
27. J. E. Gruzleski and B. M. Closset, “The treatment of liquid aluminum-silicon alloys”, AFS Inc., Illinois, 1990, p. 110-116.
28. N. A. Belov and T. A. Kurdyumova, “The Al-Si-Fe-Be phase diagram and the possibility of ferrous phase neutralization in silumins”, Russ. Metall. (Engl. Transl), Vol.2, 1989, pp. 207-212.
29. S. G. Shabestari, J. E. Gruzleski, “Modification of iron intermetallics by strontium in 413 aluminum alloys”, AFS Trans., Vol. 103, 1995, pp. 285-293.
30. S. Nishi, T. Shinoda and E. Kato, “Effects of iron contents, additions of beryllium, and cooling rate on mechanical properties of aluminum-silicon-magnesium-zinc cast alloys”, J. Japan Inst. Light Metals, Vol.18, 1968, pp. 627-635.
31. K. G. Wikle, “Improving aluminum castings with beryllium”, AFS Trans., Vol. 86 ,1978, pp. 513-518.
32. S. Murali, K. S. Raman and K. S. S. Murthy, “The formation of ?-FeSiAl5 and Be-Fe phases in Al-7Si-0.3Mg alloy containing Be”, Mater. Sci. and Eng. A, Vol.190, 1995, pp. 165-172.
33. G. K. Sigworth, “Determining grain size and eutectic silicon modification in aluminum alloy castings”, Modern Casting, July ,1987, pp. 23-25.
34. G. Gustafsson, T. Thorvaldsson, and G. L. Dunlop, “The influence of Fe and Cr on the microstructure of cast Al-Si-Mg alloys”, Metall. Trans. A, Vol.17, 1986, pp. 45-52.
35. S. Murali, K. S. Raman and K. S. S. Murthy, “Effect of trace additions (Be, Cr, Mn and Co) on the mechanical properties and fracture toughness of Fe-containing Al-7Si-0.3Mg Alloy”, Cast Metals, Vol.6, 1994, pp. 189-198.
36. P. S. Wang, Y. J. Liauh, S. L. Lee and J. C. Lin, “Effects of Be addition on microstructures and mechanical properties of B319.0 alloys”, Mater. Chem.Phys., Vol. 53, 1998, pp. 195-202.
37. D. A. Granger, R. R. Sawtell and M. M. Kersker, “Effect of beryllium on the properties of A357.0 castings”, AFS Trans., Vol. 92,1984, pp. 579-586.
38. Y. H. Tan, S. L. Lee and Y. L. Lin, “Effects of Be and Fe content on plane strain fracture toughness in A357 alloys”, Metall. Mater. Trans. A, Vol.26, 1995, pp. 2937-2945.
39. D. L. Colwell and R. J. Kissling, “Die and permanent mold casting aluminum alloy minor elements”, AFS Trans., Vol.69, 1961, pp. 610-615.
40. C. J. Tseng, S. L. Lee, S. C. Tsai and C. J. Cheng, “Effects of manganese on microstructure and mechanical properties of A206 alloys containing iron”, J. Mater. Res., Vol.17 ,2002, pp. 2243-2250.
41. L. F. Mondolfo, “Aluminum alloys : structure and properties”, London, Butterworth’s, Ltd., 1976, pp. 534-578.
42. A. Couture, “Iron in aluminum casting alloys-A literature survey”, AFS Int. Cast Metals J., Vol, 6, 1981, pp. 9-17.
43. P. Skierpe, “Intermetallic phases formed during DC-casting of an Al-0.25%Fe- 0.13%Si alloy”, Metall. Trans. A, Vol.18 ,1987, pp. 189-200.
44. P. Janason, “Thermal fatigue of cylinder head alloys”, AFS Trans., Vol. 100, 1992, pp. 601-607.
45. L. A. Bendersky, A. J. Mcalister and F. S. Biancaniello, “Phase transformation during annealing of rapidly solidified Al-rich Al-Fe-Si alloys”, Metall. Trans. A, Vol.19, 1988, pp. 2893-2900.
46. S. Jocob and D. Fontaine, “Burning of A-U5GT alloy during heat treatment”, Fonderie, Vol. 294, 1970, pp. 326-336.
47. B. Xiufang and Z. Guohua, “The spheroidisation of needle-form iron compounds in an Al-Si alloy”, AFS International Cast Metal Journal, Vol. 5, 1992, pp. 39-41.
48. M. M. Buarzaiga and S. J. Thorpe, “Corrosion behavior of as-cast, silicon carbide particulate-aluminum alloy metal-matrix composites”, Corrosion, Vol. 50, 1994, pp.176-185.
49. K. Y. Wen, W. Hu and G. Gottstein, “Intermetallic compounds in thixoformed aluminium alloy A356”, Mater. Sci. Technol., Vol.19, 2003, pp. 762-768.
50. P. N. Crepeau, “Effect of iron in Al-Si casting alloys: a critical review”, AFS Trans., Vol.103, 1995, pp. 361-366.
51. L. A. Narayanan, F. H. Samuel and J. E. Gruzleski, “Crystallization behavior of iron-containing intermetallic compounds in 319 aluminum alloy”, Metall. Mater. Trans. A, Vol. 25 , 1994, pp. 1761-1773.
52. Y. Awano and Y. Shimizu, “Non-equilibrium crystallization of AlFeSi compound in melt-superheated Al-Si alloy casting”, AFS Trans., Vol. 98,1990, pp. 889-895.
53. A. M. Samuel and F. H. Samuel, “Effect of alloying elements and dendrite arm spacing on the microstructure and hardness of Al-Si-Cu-Mg-Fe-Mn (380) aluminum die casting alloy”, J. Mater. Sci., Vol.30 ,1995, pp. 1698-1708.
54. S. Murali, K. S. Raman and K. S. S. Murthy, “Effect of magnesium, iron(impurity) and solidification rates on the fracture toughness of Al-7Si-0.3Mg casting alloy”, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, Vol.151, 1992, pp. 1-10.
55. P. S. Wang, S. L. Lee, J. C. Lin and M. T. Jahn, “Effects of solution temperature on mechanical properties of 319.0 aluminum casting alloys containing trace Be”, J. Mater. Res., Vol.15 ,2000, pp. 2027-2035.
56. W. Ames and A. T. Alpas, “Wear mechanisms in hybrid composites of graphite-20pct SiC in A356 aluminum alloy”, Metall. and Mater. Trans. A, Vol. 26, 1995, pp. 85-98.
57. H. L. Lee, W. H. Lu and S. L. Chan, “Abrasive wear of powder metallurgy Al alloy 6061-SiC partical”, Wear, Vol.159, 1992, pp. 223-231.
58.F. T. Lee, J. F. Major and F. H. Samuel, “Effect of silicon particles on the fatigue crack growth characteristics of Al-12Si-0.35Mg-(0-0.02)Sr casting alloys”, Metall. Mater. Trans. A ,Vol. 26 ,1995, pp. 1553-1570.
59. B. N. Pramila Bai and S. K. Biswas, “Scanning electron microscopy study of worn Al-Si alloy surfaces”, Wear, Vol. 87 , 1983, pp. 237-249.
60. A. R. Riahi, T. Perry and A. T. Alpas, “Scuffing resistances of Al-Si alloys: effects of etching condition and particle morphology”, Mater. Sci. Eng.A, Vol. 343, 2003, pp.76-81.
61. S. C. Lim, M. Gupta, Y. F. Leng and E. J. Lavemia, “Wear of a spray-deposited hypereutectic aluminium-silicon alloy”, J. Mater. Proc. Technol., Vol. 63,1997, pp. 865-870.
62. B. K. Prasad, K. Venkateswarlu, O. P. Modi, A. K. Jha, S. R. Dasgupta and A. H. Yegneswaran, “Sliding wear behavior of some Al-Si alloys: role of shape and size of Si particles and test conditions”, Metall. Mater. Trans. A Vol. 29 ,1998, pp. 2747-2752.
63. A. E. Segall, J. C. Conway, H. Dang and M. F. Amateau, “Evaluation of the reciprocating- wear behavior of unlubricated hypereutectic Al-Si alloys”, Trib. Trans., Vol.46, 2003, pp. 206-210.
64. V. C. Srivastava and S. N. Ojha, “Microstructure and wear characteristics of spray formed and hot extruded Al-Si alloys”, Mater. Sci. Technol., Vol. 20, 2004, pp.1632-1638.
65. F. Wang, Y. Ma, Z. Zhang, X. Cui and Y. Jin, “A comparison of the sliding wear behavior of a hypereutectic Al-Si alloy prepared by spray-deposition and conventional casting methods”, Wear, Vol. 256, 2004, pp. 342-345.
66. G. Chai and L. Backerud, “Factors affecting modification of Al-Si alloys by adding Sr-containing master alloys”, AFS Trans., Vol. 100, 1992, pp. 847-854.
67. B. L. Tuttle, D. Twarog and E. Daniels, “The effect of trace amounts of antimony on the structure and properties of aluminum alloy A356”, AFS Trans., Vol. 99, 1991, pp. 7-16.
68. E. N. Pan, Y. C. Cherng, C. A. Lin and H. S. Chiou, “Roles of Sr and Sb on silicon modification of A356 aluminum alloys”, AFS Trans., Vol.102, 1994, pp. 609-617.
69. J. E. Gruzleski and B. M. Closset, “The treatment of liquid aluminum -silicon alloys”, American Foundarymen，Society, Inc., Illinois, U.S.A., 1990, pp. 82-89.
70. D. A. Dranger, R. R. Sawtell and M. M. Kersker, “Effects of beryllium on the properties of A357.0 castings”, AFS Trans., Vol.92, 1984, pp.579-586.
71. L. Backerud, G. Chai and J. Tamminen, “Solidification characteristics of aluminum alloys”, Vol. 2 Foundry Alloys, AFS, Skanaluminium, Sweden, 1990, pp.143-150.
72. 劉國雄、林樹均、李勝隆、鄭晃中、葉均蔚編著,工程材料科學，全華圖書，pp. 328-332.
73. 劉國雄、葉均蔚,“高強力鋁合金之熱處理-析出硬化”，金屬熱處理, 14期,1985, pp. 1-28.
74. D. Apelian, S. Shivkumar and G. Sigworth, “Fundamental aspects of heat treatment of cast Al-Si-Mg alloys”, AFS Trans., Vol. 97, 1989, pp. 727-743.
75. J. Gauthier, P. R. Louchez and F. H. Samuel, “Heat treatment of 319.2 aluminum automotive alloy”, AFS Int. Cast Metals, Vol. 8, 1995, pp. 91-106.
76. L. E. Marsh and G. Reinenann, AFS Trans., Vol. 87, 1979, pp. 413-422.
77. S. Shivkumar, C. Keller and D. Apelian, “Aging behavior in Al-Si-Mg alloys”, AFS Trans., Vol. 98, 1990, pp. 905-911.
78. S. Shivkumar, S. Ric and Jr. D. Apelian, “Influence of solution parameters and simplified supersaturation treatments on tensile properties of A356 alloy”, AFS Trans., Vol. 98, 1990, pp. 913-922.
79. M. G. Fontana and N. D. Greene, “Corrosion engineering”, 3rd ed., McGraw-Hill, 1986, pp. 51-59.
80. D. A. Jones, “Principles and prevention of corrosion”, 2nd ed., Prentice Hall International, Inc.,1997, pp. 44-524.
81. R. Steigerweld, “Corrosion”, Metals Handbook 9th, American Society for Metals, Vol.13, 1987, pp. 206-207.
82.柯賢文編著,腐蝕及其防治,全華科技圖書公司, 1995, p.143.
83. ASTM G40-82, “Annual Book of ASTM Standards”, Vol. 03.02, 1984, p. 239.
84. A. P. Sannino and H. J. Rack, “Dry sliding wear of discontinuously reinforced aluminum composites: review and discussion”, Wear, Vol.189, 1995, pp. 1-19.
85. K. H. Z. Gahr, “Microstructure and wear of materials”, Chapter 4 Classification of wear process, Elsevier Science Publisher, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1987, pp. 80-131.
86. K. G. Budinski, “Surface engineering for wear resistance”, Prentice Hall, 1988, pp.16-18.
87. K. H. Z. Gahr, “Microstructure and wear of materials”, Chapter 6 Sliding wear, Elsevier Science Publisher, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 1987, pp. 351-495.
88. N. P. Suh, “The delamination theory of wear”, Wear, Vol.25 ,1973, pp. 111-124.
89. N. P. Suh, “An overview of the delamination theory of wear”, Wear, Vol. 44 ,1977, pp. 1-16.
90. ASTM B557-84, Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vols. 03.01 and 02.02. ,1986.
91. S. Murali, K. S. Raman and K. S. S. Murthy, “The formation of β-FeSiAl5 and Be-Fe phases in Al-7Si-0.3Mg alloy containing Be”, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, Vol.190, 1995, pp. 165-172.
92. S. K. Tang and T. Sritharan, “Morphology of β-AlFeSi intermetallic in Al-7Si alloy castings”, Mater. Sci. Technol., Vol.14, 1998, pp.738-742.
93. J. Barresi, M. J. Kerr, H. Wang and M. J. Couper, “Effect of magnesium, iron and cooling rate on mechanical properties of Al-7Si-Mg foundry alloys”, AFS Trans., Vol. 108, 2000, pp. 563-570.
94. Simensen and T. L. Rolfsen, “Production of π-AlMgSiFe crystals”, Z. Metallkd., Vol. 88, 1997, pp.142-146.
95. D. L. Zhang and L. Zheng, “The quench sensitivity of cast Al-7pct Si-0.4pct Mg alloy”, Metall. Mater. Trans. A, Vol. 27, 1996, pp. 3983-3991.
96. D. B. Williams and C. B. Carter, “Transmission electron microscopy, a textbook for material science”, Plenum Pres, New York, 1996, pp. 9-11.
97. G. Riontino and S. Abis, “Scanning electrical resistivity (SER) study of phase transformations in an Al-Cu alloy”, Philos. Mag. B B64, 1991, pp. 447-461.
98. M. Drouzy, S. Jacob and M. Richard: “Interpretation of tensile results by means of quality index and probable yield strength”, AFS Int. Cast Metals, 1980, pp. 43-50.
99. W. S. Tait, Ph. D., “An introduction to electrochemical corrosion testing for practicing engineers and scientists”, 1994, pp. 38-40.
100. Y. B. Yu, S. S. Kim, Y. S. Lee and J. W. Lee, “Phenomenological observations on mechanical and corrosion properties of thixoformed 357 alloys: a comparision with permanent mold cast 357 alloys”, Metall. Mater. Trans. A , Vol.33 , 2002, pp. 1399-1412.
101. L. Pedersen and L. Arnberg, “The effect of solution heat treatment and quenching rates on mechanical properties and microstructures in Al-Si-Mg foundry alloys”, Metall. Mater. Trans. A , Vol.32A , 2001, pp. 525-532.
102. P. Y. Zhu and Q. Y. Liu, “Spheroidization of eutectic silicon in Al-Si alloys”, AFS Trans.,Vol. 93 ,1985, pp. 609-614.
103. J. Clarke and A. D. Sarkar, “Wear characteristics of as-cast binary aluminium-silicon alloys”, Wear, Vol. 54 ,1979, pp. 7-16.
104. R. A. Saravanan, J. M. Lee and S. B. Kang, “Dry sliding wear behavior of A356-15﹪SiC composites under controlled atmospheric conditions”, Metall. Mater. Trans. A , Vol.30 , 1999, pp. 2523-2538.
105. M. R. Rosenberger, C. E. Schvezov and E. Forler, “Wear of different aluminum matrix composites under conditions that generate a mechanically mixed lay”, Wear, Vol. 259, 2005, pp. 590-601.
106. X. Y. Li and K. N. Tandon, “Mechanical mixing induced by wear of an Al-Si alloy against M2 steel”, Wear, Vol. 225-229, 1999, pp. 640-648.
107. S. L. Rice, H. Nowotny and S. F. Wayne, “Wear of materials”, ASME, 1981, pp. 47-52.
108. R. L. Deuis, C. Subramanian and J. M. Yellup, “Dry sliding wear of aluminium composites- a review”, Comp. Sci. Technol., Vol.57, 1997, pp. 415-435.
109. A. R. Riahi and A. T. Alpas, “The role of tribo-layers on the sliding wear behavior of graphitic aluminum matrix composites”, Wear, Vol. 251, 2001, pp.1396-1407.
110. X. Y. Li and K. N. Tandon, “Microstructural characterization of mechanically mixed layer and wear debris in sliding wear of an Al alloy and an Al based composite”, Wear, Vol. 245 ,2000, pp.148-161.
111. B. Venkataraman and G. Sundararajan, “Correlation between the characteristics of the mechanically mixed layer and wear behaviour of aluminium, Al-7075 alloy and Al-MMCs”, Wear, Vol. 245 ,2000, pp. 22-38.
112. L. Ceschini, C. Bosi, A. Casagrande and G. L. Garagnani, “Effect of thermal treatment and recycling on the tribological behaviour of an Al Si Mg-SiCp composite”, Wear, Vol. 251,2001, pp.1377-1385.
113. J. P. Tu and Y. Z. Yang, “Tribological behaviour of Al18B4O33 whisker reinforced hypoeutectic Al-Si-Mg matrix composites under dry sliding conditions”, Comp. Sci. Technol., Vol.60, 2000, pp.1801-1809.
114. O. P. Modi, B. K. Prasad, A. H. Yegneswaran and M. L. Vaidya, “Dry sliding wear behaviour of squeeze cast aluminium alloy-silicon carbide composites”, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, Vol.151, 1992, pp. 235-245.
115. J. Zhang and A. T. Alpas, “Transition between mild and severe wear in aluminium alloys”, Acta Mater. Vol. 45,1997, pp.513-528.
116. S. Das, D. P. Mondal, S. Sawla and S. Dixit, “High stress abrasive wear mechanism of LM13-SiC composite under varying experimental conditions”, Metall. Mater. Trans. A , Vol.33 , 2002, pp. 3031-3044.