Title page for 89342007


[Back to Results | New Search]

Student Number 89342007
Author Chen-Tai Mao(毛振泰)
Author's Email Address mctai@cepd.gov.tw
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 3294 times. Download 605 times.
Department Civil Engineering
Year 2006
Semester 2
Degree Ph.D.
Type of Document Doctoral Dissertation
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title The Study of Quantitative Assessment and Improvement Methods in Ameliorating River Ecology In Taiwan
Date of Defense 2007-03-14
Page Count 234
Keyword
  • Ecological river width
  • Abstract With the aim to resolve problems in quantifying ecological and hydrological aspects of water works engineering and design, this study applies data on fish species from the “Freshwater and estuarine fishes of Taiwan”, “The Fish Database of Taiwan “ from the Center for Biodiversity, Academia Sinica, and international scientific literature to fit four different habitat suitability curve regimes (flow velocity, water depth, bed material and water quality) of the upstream, midstream and downstream sections of rivers in five different geographical zones in Taiwan. In total, 60 habitat suitability curves for local endemic freshwater water species were drawn and used as the standard to assess river habitat ecology. This methodology was applied for different river channel types in Fatze River and a quantitative analysis was carried out for ecological width and sinuosity typical of rivers in Taiwan. The conclusions derived from our study can be summarized as follows:
    1.The analysis on different river channel types in Fatze River shows that river width and channel form design both affect habitat area. Widening the river channel will increase river habitat area and traditionally methods in designing a complex cross-sectional relief are most efficient in maintaining habitat area. The more complex the design of the river channel sinuosity also increases habitat area for endemic fish species under certain discharge velocities. Once discharge exceeds Q50, the floodwater top the riverbanks and create optimal habitat conditions for the freshwater fish species. This conclusion is also visually corroborated by the presence of fishermen up and down the river coasts once a typhoon passes.
    2.Following the analysis of 32 river sections and their habitat types in Taiwan, we concluded that for the future construction and amelioration of river embankments a minimum of 70% of the original channel width must be reserved for river ecology (Be). The landscape and topographical relief of the river must remain untouched. Additionally, for river sections in need of new floodworks construction, our study recommends that the largest value of the river width equation be used for regulating the project width (Bp). Furthermore, the relationship between Be and Bp should be established at Be=0.1324* Bp1.1931 to calculate the requisite minimum width of the river to maintain base ecology.
    3.The analysis of the river sinuosity in 11 meanderings of the 32 rivers has confirmed that of the hydraulic geometric relationships obtained by Leopold and Wolman (1960), the equation for the distance between two meanders(λ)is applicable to Taiwan while the equations for amplitude and radius of the meander are not. The region outside of the river bend is a suitable habitat area during floods and, as such, by river management guidelines should be protected and preserved.
    4.In situ observation and application of habitat suitability curves from previous studies targeted a single fish species and were constrained by physical limitations. In the future, the use of underwater long-term video cameras and datalinks for immediate computer analysis is recommended for field trials.
    5.The results achieved in this study can used as a reference by government bodies involved in large-scale water works engineering projects (e.g. the Homeland Restoration Project and the Regulation of Flood-Prone Areas Project). It can be a functional tool in eco-engineering, and facilitate the implementation of ecological concepts in engineering and construction work.
    Table of Content 摘要III
    AbstractIV
    目錄VI
    表目錄IX
    圖目錄X
    代號說明XIII
    第一章 導論1
    1.1 研究動機1
    1.2 研究目標與方向1
    1.3 研究範疇2
    1.4 本研究流程與章節架構2
    第二章 文獻回顧4
    2.1 概述4
    2.2 河川環境定性改善目標4
    2.3 臺灣魚類生態7
    2.4 河川生態定量評定方式9
    2.4.1 美國HABITAT SUITABILITY INDEX MODELS(HSI)9
    2.4.2 IFIM 模式13
    2.5 河川生態定量改善方法14
    2.6 河川量化特性及分類(河川水流、河川寬度、河川分類及河川型態等)15
    2.6.1河川水流分類15
    2.6.2 河川寬度的研究15
    2.6.3勢能與河流形態16
    2.6.4河川型態分類及相關分類系統18
    第三章 研究方法28
    3.1 概述28
    3.2 研究範圍28
    3.3 HEC-RAS模式介紹28
    3.4 本研究應用之棲地評估方式說明30
    3.5 二維棲地模擬模式原理及RIVER2D模式介紹31
    3.6 數值高程模型原理與應用32
    3.7 棲地類型與河床底質33
    第四章 臺灣本島河川原生魚種適合度曲線研究結果37
    4.1 概述37
    4.2 臺灣特有淡水魚種棲地適合度指數的定義37
    4.3 前人相關棲地適合度曲線繪製及應用39
    4.4 台灣河川淡水特有魚種各區棲地適合度曲線之研訂39
    4.4.1台灣本島五個主要動物地理區劃分40
    4.4.2流速適合度曲線之制訂與繪製40
    4.4.3水深適合度曲線之制訂與繪製47
    4.4.4底質適合度曲線之制訂與繪製51
    4.4.5水質適合度曲線之制訂與繪製54
    第五章 研究河川及河段之擇取與分析結果58
    5.1 概述58
    5.2 擇定研究河段58
    5.3 各研究河段水理特性分析58
    5.3.1 各選取河系、河川及河段基本特性及參考資料來源58
    5.3.2各河段河道坡降及河床質分析70
    5.3.3各河段河槽型態分析70
    5.4 定義選取河段上中下游74
    5.4.1依臺灣河口及淡水魚類誌(1999)定性分類74
    5.4.2依山本晃一(1997)、千山捻(1991)等方式分類74
    第六章河川形狀與生態棲地關係研究結果79
    6.1 概述79
    6.2 筏子溪的魚類調查79
    6.3 原河道及原河道拓寬後四種河川型態之訂定與地形製作80
    6.4 五種河川型態之棲地分析80
    6.5 結果分析80
    第七章 臺灣河川生態寬度與彎曲研析結果86
    7.1 概述86
    7.2 臺灣河川生態寬度的定義及推求86
    7.2.1臺灣河川的傳統治理與天然河川型態86
    7.2.2河川廊道的重要性與本研究河川生態寬度之定義86
    7.2.3各研究河段WUA分析及生態河寬之推求88
    7.2.4生態河寬之檢討95
    7.3 臺灣河川彎曲量化分析95
    7.3.1臺灣河川的彎曲幾何特性分析95
    7.3.2臺灣河川彎曲段的棲地特性分析100
    7.4 結果分析100
    第八章生態觀測站的建置與試驗結果105
    8.1 設站位置及資料蒐集105
    8.2 流速及水深棲地適合度曲線建置109
    8.3 各種制定棲地適合度曲線方式比較109
    第九章 結論與建議114
    9.1 結論114
    9.2 建議115
    參考文獻116
    Reference 一、中文部份
    于錫亮,「淺談流量與棲地關係的方法學」,自然保育季刊,第19期,第15-19頁,1997.09。
    方力行,2003年魚類學學術研討會暨中華民國魚類學會92年會員大會,2003.09。
    王如意、易任,「應用水文學(上冊)」,茂昌圖書有限公司,1986。
    王信凱,「濕周-流量法應用於推估河川生態基流量之研究」,中興大學水土保持研究所碩士論文,2000.06。
    王漢泉,「河川魚類指標評估南崁溪、客雅溪、中港溪、北港溪、將軍溪、典寶溪等河川水質之研究」,環保署2002年調查研究年報,2002。
    王懷詩、陳弘成,”黑鯛苗之耗氧量,攝食量與成長之研究”,國立臺灣大學動物學研究所碩士論文,1982.06。
    台灣省政府水利局,卑南溪治理規劃報告,1988.06。
    行政院公共工程委員會,「本土化水域生態工法工程技術之研究(第二期)」,2004。
    何大人、蔡厚才,”魚類行為學”,水產出版社,2000.02.28。
    余燕妮,「台灣河川特有魚種之分區適合度曲線研訂」,國立中央大學碩士論文,2006.06。
    吳富春,「生態水利工程」,中國土木水利工程學會會刊,26(2),第11-15頁,1999。
    吳富春,「都會區小型河川防洪暨生態保育對策之研究-以外雙溪支流為例」,生態工法-理論與實務研討會論文集,第209-238頁,2000。
    吳富春、李國昇,「集集共同攔河堰之環境生態基準流量評估」,農工七十水資源管理研討會,第216-237頁,1998。
    吳富春、李國昇、陳宣宏,「河川棲地模式PHABSIM之水理計算敏感度分析」,台灣水利,46(2),第60-69頁,1998。
    吳富春、鄭武慎,「七家灣溪櫻花鉤吻鮭棲地環境之改善分析」,台灣水利,47(4),第66-76頁,1999。
    吳瑞賢,溫博文,毛振泰,河川生態基流量,棲地改善及分流演算之研究暨河川魚類洪,枯水流量棲地分佈之推估,河川生態基準流量評估技術研討會論文集,第D1~D33頁,2002.09。
    吳瑞賢、毛振泰,”復育大地及河川的實施方式”,中國土木水利工程學會會刊,第33卷第5期,第41-48頁,2006.10。
    吳瑞賢、毛振泰、韋家振,臺灣河川寬度及彎曲段生態量化評估研究,第十五屆水利研討會,2006.07。
    吳瑞賢、毛振泰、溫博文、張楨驩,台灣河川生態基準流量及魚類棲地分布之研究,中國土木水利工程學刊,第16卷,第2期,第301-314頁,2004。
    吳瑞賢、汪荷清、毛振泰、李 頤、陳碧君,”雙溪中游生態堤岸及高灘地公園規劃之水理分析”, 第三屆台灣環境資源永續發展研討會論文集,第f001-f031頁,2001.11,中央大學。
    呂光洋,「Biodiversity─生物歧異度、生物龐雜度、生物多樣性」,大自然季刊(31):第4-9頁,1991。
    李勃、富麗靜、解玉浩,”溫度、鹽度對大銀魚胚胎發育的影響”,水產科學,Vol.14,No.6,1995。
    李訓煌、莊明德,”棲地復育、保育與生態水利工程規劃設計之試驗”,經濟部水利署水利規劃試驗所九十二年度河川海岸委託研究計畫成果發表研討會,2003.08。
    李載鳴,碧海水力發電工程-南溪壩最小生態維護放水量、魚道設計標的魚種及設計條件等研究計畫,中興工程顧問公司,2000。
    李德旺,「台灣白魚之族群調查研究」,特有生物研究保育中心九十一年度試驗研究計畫執行成果,(2003)。
    沈世傑,老漁翁講魚故事,國立海洋生物博物館出版,2005.12。
    沈榮茂、程桂興、尹伯亮,臺灣河川穩定與計劃河寬之初步探討,第6屆水利工程研討會,國立交通大學,1992.07。
    汪靜明,「河川生態系」,大自然的恩賜-水,1993。
    汪靜明,「河川生態保育」,1994.04再版。
    汪靜明,「河川生態基流量設計及魚類棲地改善之理念」,環境教育季刊,第49-69頁,1998。
    汪靜明,「濁水溪流域上游栗栖溪河川生態研究及魚類保育計畫」,台電工程月刊,2000。
    周昌弘,「生物多樣性:觀念、假說及研究」,科學月刊, 26(7): 第547~553頁,1995。
    林承坤,「泥砂與河流地貌學」,南京大學出版社,第160-172頁,1992。
    林明峪,淡水河故事,民生報叢書,1985.09。
    林岳葆,丁壩群於河川棲地改善之研究,逢甲大學碩士論文,2006。
    林曜松、張明雄,大甲溪魚類生態調查計畫研究報告(Ⅱ),台灣電力公司80年度研究發展計畫 ,1992。
    林曜松、趙榮台,「維護生物多樣性與促進資源永續利用」,生物多樣性前瞻研討會論文集, 第14~23頁 ,1998。
    邵廣昭、何林泰, 林介屏,「魚類群聚生態調查監測與分析方法」,生物科學,36(2): 第41-56頁,1993。
    金恆鑣譯(原Bill Freedman著),”環境生態學”,國立編譯館出版,1998.09。
    柳文成、胡通哲、謝文雄,「溪流生態工法之規劃-以霧社溪為例」,聯合學報第24期,第73-104頁,2004。
    孫凱政,「利用WUA法評估流量對魚類棲地之影響」,國立台灣大學碩士論文,2004。
    桃園縣政府,「蘆竹鄉南崁溪斷面41河段至長興橋治理線修正案」,2005。
    殷名稱,魚類生態學,淡水魚業、海水養殖、水生生物和魚類資源專業用,全國高等農業院校教材,中國農業出版社,1993.01。
    翁宇能,「自然生態河川低水流量斷面之合理型態研究」,中興大學水土保持研究所碩士論文,1998.06。
    翁智鴻,「各種流況對魚類棲地可用面積之影響-以枋腳溪為例」,國立台北科技大學環境規劃與管理研究所碩士論文,台北,2003。
    張承宗、毛振泰,”河川流域整體治理策略之探討”, 第十一屆水利工程研討會,台灣大學 2000年7月5~6日。
    張明雄,大甲溪中下游魚類群聚研究,台灣大學動物學研究所博士論文,1994。
    張明雄、林曜松,「攔沙壩對水生生物多樣性的影響」,1994。
    張金豐、陳弘成,”不同PH值對烏魚苗的急慢性致死之研究”,海洋彙刊27,第23-30頁,1982。
    張景森、毛振泰 ,“給復育大地藝術一個落實的方法”,地層下陷防治通訊,第2-8頁,2004.10。
    張楨驩,「河川魚類棲地之推估與分析研究-以卑南溪新武呂河段為例」,中央大學土木工程研究所碩士論文,2002。
    梁麗芬,「河川棲地及歧異度之變化與時空因素之探討」,國立中央大學碩士論文,2003.06。
    莊健源,以碎形與景觀指標探討河川棲地特性,國立中央大學碩士論文,2005。
    許時雄,”水環境經營”,科技圖書股份有限公司出版,2005.09初版。
    陳弘成、趙國孝,” 石蚌之氧氣消耗量研究”,貝類學報7,第87-100頁,1980。
    陳正昌,「丁壩工對魚類棲地面積之影響─以蘭陽溪為應用案例」,台灣大學土木工程研究所碩士論文,2003。
    陳淑鈴、徐崇仁、楊明道、盧民益,網紋臭都魚基礎生理生態研究,Bulletin of Taiwan Fisheries Research institute,No.47,1989。
    陳淑鈴、徐崇仁、盧民益,”銀紋笛鯛稚魚對溫、鹽度及溶氧之忍受度”,Bulletin of Taiwan Fisheries Research institute,No.49,1990。
    陳義雄、方力行,「台灣河川湖泊魚類的生態特性與棲地現況」,國立海洋生物博物館籌備處,1996。
    陳義雄、方力行,「台灣淡水及河口魚類誌」,國立海洋生物博物館籌備處,1999。
    陳樹群、彭思顯,「台灣河川型態五層分類法研究」,中華水土保持學報33(3),第175-190頁,2002。
    陳獻、蔡西銘、黃勝頂,河川近自然生態工法之設計及水理分析-以臺中地區筏子溪為例,第十三屆水利工程研討會,第C-150頁,2002.07。
    曾文陽、陳嘉齡,” 網紋臭都魚與環境因子關係之研究”,中國文化大學海洋彙刊生物專刊第二十八輯,第17-22頁,1983。
    曾晴賢, 櫻花鉤吻鮭族群監測和生態調查(ㄧ) , 雪霸國家公園管理處印行 , 79 p.p. , 1998。
    曾晴賢,「台灣的淡水魚類」,台灣省政府教育廳,1986。
    曾晴賢,「鯉魚潭水庫士林水力發電工程士林壩下游河道最小生態維護放水量檢討工作」,中興工程顧問,1997。
    曾萬年、楚 涵,初期成長率對島嶼小公魚 (Stolephorus insularis) 存活率之影響,2005.05。
    黃 鐘、詹瑜璋、李建成、史天元、胡植慶、陳于,「空載雷射掃描技術製出之數值高程模型之簡介」,地質,23卷,第一期,第34-54頁,2004。
    楊承峰,「河川低水流量分流演算推估魚類棲地之研究-以烏溪上游為例」,國立中央大學碩士論文,2002。
    楊奕岑,「DEM解析度暨流向演算法對於集流面積計算之影響」,地理學報 第三十九期,第71-90頁,2005。
    溫博文,「台灣中部河川生態棲地分佈特性及時空變化之研究」,國立中央大學博士論文,2005.06。
    經濟部水利署,「南崁溪治理規劃檢討報告」,1995。
    經濟部水利署,二仁溪下游段治理規劃檢討報告(河口至崇德橋段),2003.05。
    經濟部水利署,南崁溪治理規劃檢討報告(草案),2002.12。
    經濟部水利署,美濃溪治理規劃報告(Report On The Regulation Planning Of Mei-Long Creek),2005.07。
    經濟部水利署,基隆河整體治理計畫設計洪水量檢討暨其前期計畫及辦理情形,2002.10。
    經濟部水利署,景美溪上游段治理規劃(Training Plan For Upstream Of Chingmei River),1986.07。
    經濟部水利署,景美溪治理規劃檢討(Review of Regulation Planning for Chingmei River),2003.06。
    經濟部水利署水利規劃試驗所, 棲地復育、保育與生態水利工程規劃設計之試驗研究(5/5),2004.12。
    經濟部水利署水利規劃試驗所,「台灣地區主要河川流域整體規劃地文與水文資訊查詢系統建立」期中報告,2005.07。
    經濟部水利署水利規劃試驗所,「全省河川生態補充調查與資料庫建立研究計畫(總報告)」,2004.12。
    經濟部水利署第三河川局,筏子溪治理規劃檢討(第二次修訂稿),2003.10。
    經濟部水資源局,台灣地區景觀河流全面調查及保育規劃,1999.06。
    經濟部水資源統一規劃委員會,”淡水河水系魚類分佈與生態環境關係之研究”,1986.05。
    葉明峰、胡通哲、張世倉、李訓煌,「濁水溪上游河段魚類族群最低流量之研究(2/3)」,特有生物保育中心棲地生態組,計畫序號:89特生-棲-02,2001。
    董哲人,”生態水工學的理論框架”,財團法人中興工程科技研究發展基金會專題演講資料,2002.12.05。
    廖一久、黃漢津,”臺灣經濟蝦類之呼吸研究-I,草蝦之卵至稚蝦期之氧氣消耗量及致死溶氧量”,Journal of the Fisheries Society of Taiwan,Vol.4 ,No.1,1975。
    臺東縣政府,大武溪治理規劃報告,2006.02。
    臺灣省水利局,大里溪治理計劃先期規劃總報告,行政院經濟建設委員會補助,1989.12。
    臺灣省水利局,高屏溪治理規劃報告(River Regulation Planning Of Kao-Ping River),1981.06。
    臺灣省水利局、經濟部工業局,和平溪治理規劃報告,1991.11。
    臺灣省水利局規劃總隊,大漢溪治理規劃報告(River Regulation Planning Of Da-Han River),1986.07。
    臺灣省普通河川治理規劃實務,農發會補助計畫,73農建-7.1-源-02號,台灣省水利局印,1984.06。
    趙國孝、陳弘成,”真泥鰍之耗氧量研究”,中國文化大學海洋彙刊生物專刊第二十八輯,第23-30頁,1983。
    蕭慶章,「實用河川工程(上)河川工程規劃」 ,財團法人成大水利海洋研究發展文教基金會出版,科技圖書股份有限公司發行,2005.07。
    錢寧、周文浩,「黃河下游河床演變」,科學出版社,1965。
    錢寧、張仁、周志德,「河床演變學」,科學出版社,1987。
    謝國正,「河川生態基準流量評估案例介紹」,河川生態基準流量評估技術研討會,2002。
    謝暻椲,「大漢溪中游生態基流量推估與棲地改善」,國立中央大學碩士論文,2002.06。
    羅辛斯基(Rosgen), K. N., N. A. 庫茲明,「河床演變論文集」,水利水電科學研究院編譯,科學出版社,1965。
    羅義碩,「以生態觀測建立河川魚類棲地適合度曲線」,國立中央大學土木工程研究所碩士論文,2005.06。
    蘇趼中、游嵐,”大黃魚稚幼魚窒息點與耗氧率的初步研究”,福建第四期,1995.12。
    龔誠山、劉建邦、謝國正、杜悅元、蔡顯修、林武煌,「西寶水利發電計畫河川魚類保育及生態研究計劃第1階段研究」,台灣電力工司工安環保處、中興工程顧問公司水利工程部,2002。
    二、英文部份
    Allan, J. D., ”Stream ecology- structure and function of Running waters”, Kluwer academic publishers, Norwell, MA. 388p.p., 1995.
    ASCE, “Channel Stability Assessment for Flood Control Projects, ” Technical Engineering and Design Guidelines as adapted from the US Army Corps of Engineers,No. 20, 1997.
    Benson, M.A. and D.M. Thomas, “A Definition of Dominant Discharge,” Bulletin International Association Scientific Hydrology, 11: 76-80,1966.
    Booker, D. J. , "Hydraulic modelling of fish habitat in urban rivers during high flows",Hydrol. Process. 17, p.577-599, 2003.
    Bovee, K. D., “A guide to stream habitat analysis using the instream flow incremental methodology”, US Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Services Program, FWS/OBS-82/26, 1982.
    Bray, D. I., “Regime Equations for Gravel-Bed Rivers,” In: Hey, R. D., Bathurst, J. C. and Thorne, C. R., (Eds.), Gravel-Bed Rivers, Wiley, 1982.
    Chen, Y. P., Yang, S. Y., and Chen, K. H., “River training and utilization of flood plain between levees in Taiwan,” Proceedings of 1st International Conference on New Engineering Concepts for Rivers, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A., Vol. 1, p.853-860, 1997.
    Chiang, S. L., Johnson, F. W., "Low flow criteria for diversions and impoundment", Journal of Water Resources Planning and ManagementDiv.,ASCE, Vol.102, p.227-238, 1976.
    Cross, F. B.,” Handbook of fishes of Kansas”, Univ. Kansas Mus.,Nat. Hist. Mis., Pub.45: 357p.p.,1967.
    Crowder, D. W. and Diplas, P.,” Using two-dimensional hydrodynamic models at scales of ecological importance”, Journal of Hydrology, 230(3-4), p.172-191, 2000.
    Doll, B. A., Wise-Frederick, D. E., Buckner, C.M. and Wilkerson , S. D. “Hydraulic geometry relationships for urban streams throughout the piedmont of north Carolina,” Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 38(3), p. 641-651,2002.
    Ferguson, R. I., “The Threshold between Meandering and Braiding,” In: Smith, K. V. A. (Ed.), Channels and Channel Control Structures, Proceedings of the First International Conference on Hydraulic Design in Water Resources Engineering, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984.
    Fish and Wildlife Service (Biological Services Program and Division of Ecological Services)U.S. Department of the Interior,”HABITAT SUITABILITY INDEX MODELS: SMALLMOUTH BUFFALO ”, FWS/OBS-82/10.13, 1982.07.
    Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Department of the Interior,” Habitat Suitability Index Models And Instream Flow Suitability Curves: Pink Salmon”,FWS/OBS-82/10.109, 1985.
    Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Department of the Interior,” Habitat Suitability Information:Rainbow Trout”,FWS/OBS-82/10.60.49, 1984.
    Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Department of the Interior,”HABITAT SUITABILITY INDEX MODELS:BIGMOUTH BUFFALO”,FWS/OBS-82/10.34, 1983.09.
    Fish and Wildlife Service U.S. Department of the Interior,”Habitat Suitability Index Model:Common Carp”, FWS/OBS-82/10.12.47,1982.
    Forlong, R. G.,"Determining minimum flow for river in Kapiti Coastdistrict", Proceedings of the 1994 Limnological Society Conference,Limnological Society, Hamilton ,1994.
    Growns, I. and Kotlash, A., "Environmental flow allocations for theHawkesbury-Nepean River system : a review of information". Australian Water Technologies EnSight. Report No. 94/189, p.55 ,1994.
    Hal, C., Jager, H.A., and Sale, M. J., "Designing Instream Flows To Satisfy Fish And Human Water Needs", Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management,ASCE, p.356-362, 1996.
    Hardy, T. B.,”Benefits Evaluation of Channel Reconstruction on Lower LaVerkin Creek Using Two Dimensional Hydrodynamics and Biological Habitat Modeling”,2003.
    Henderson, H. F, “Stability of Alluvial Channels,” Journal of Hydraulics Division, ASCE, 87(HY6), 1961.
    Hey, R. D. and Thorne, C. R. “Stable Channels with Mobile Gravel Beds,” Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, ASCE, Vol. 112, No. 8, 1986.
    Huang, H. Q. and Nanson, G. C., “Vegetation and channel variation; a case study of four small streams in southeastern Australia,” Geomorphology, Vol. 18, p. 237-249, 1997.
    Huang, H. Q., Nanson, G. C. and Fagan, S. D.,“Hydraulic geometry of straight alluvial channels and the principle of least action,” Journal of Hydraulic Research, 40(2), p.153-160, 2002.
    Jowett, I. G.,”Instream Flow Methods: A Comparison of Approaches”,Regulated Rivers: Research &Management, Vol.13, p.115-127, 1997.
    Karim, K., Gubbles, M. E., and Goulter, I. C., "Review of Determination of Instream Flow Requirements with Special Application at Australia, "Water Resources Bulletin, Vol. 31, p.1063-1077 ,1996.
    Kennedy, J. F. Richardson P.D. and Sutera.,Discussion on”Geometry of river channels”,by W.B. Langbein,J. Hydraul. Div. Amer. Soc. Civil Eng. 90(HY6),p.332-341,1964.
    Kolberg, F. J. and Howard, A. D.,“Active channel geometry and discharge relations of U.S. piedmont and Midwestern streams: the variable exponent model revisited,” Water Resour. Res., 31: p.2353-2365,1995.
    Lacey, G., “Stable Channels in Alluvium,” Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers, Vol. 229, Part I, London, England, 1929.
    Lacey, J. R. W. and Millar, R. G., ”Reach scale hydraulic assessment of instream salmonid habitat restoration”,The Journal of the American Water Resources Association (JAWRA). No. 01214 ,2004.
    Lane, E. W., “A Study of Shape of Channels Formed by Natural Streams Flowing in an Erodible Material,” MRD Sediment Series 9, US Army Division, Missouri River,1957.
    Leopold, L. B. and Langbein, W. B.,”The concept of entropy in landscape evolution”,U.S.Geol. Surv. Prof. Pap. 500-A,1962.
    Leopold, L. B. and Maddock, T., “The hydraulic geometry of stream channels and some physiographic implications”, ” Professional Paper 252,US Geological Survey,57p.p., 1960.
    Leopold, L. B. and Wolman, M. G., “River Channel Patterns: Braided, Meandering and Straight,” USGS Professional Paper 282-B, 1957.
    Leopold, L. B. and Wolman, M. G., “River Meanders, ” Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., 71, 1960.
    Leopold, L. B., “A View of River,” Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1994.
    Leopold, L. B., Wolman, M. G. and Miller, J. P., Fluvial Processes in Geomorphology, San Francisco, W. H. Freeman and C., 552 p.p., 1964.
    Loranger, J. and Kenner, S. J.,”Comparison of one- and two-dimensional hydraulic habitat models forsimulation of trout stream habitat”, Critical Transitions in Water and Environmental Resources Management, p.1-10 ,2004.
    Montgomery, D. R. and Gran, K. B., “Downstream variations in the width of bedrock channels,” Water Resour. Res., 37(6): p.1841-1846 ,2001.
    Moody, J. A. and Troutman, B. T., “Characterization of the spatial variability of channel morphology,” Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 27: p.1251-1266 ,2002.
    Moody, L. F., “Friction factors for pipe flow”, Transactions of ASME, Vol.66, 1944.
    Nixon, M., “A Study on the Bank-Full Discharge of Rivers in England and Wales,” Proc. Inst. Civil Eng., 12: p.157-174, 1959.
    Noss, R. F., and Cooperrider, A. Y.,”Saving nature’s legacy :protecting and restoring biodiversity”, Island Press, Washington, D.C.,USA, 1994.
    Odum, E. P., “Basic ecology Saunders College Publishing Company”,Georgia. 613 pp,1983.
    Orth, D. J., and Leonard, P. M., "Comparison of Discharge Methods and Habitat Optimization for Recommending Instream Flows to Protect Fish Habitat, "Regulated Rivers, Vol. 5, p.129-138, 1990.
    Osborne, W. S., “Distribution, relative abundance and conservation status of corroboree frogs, Pseudophryne corroboree Moore (Anura: Myobatrachidae)”,Australian wildlife research, 16: p.537-547, 1989.
    Park, C. C.,”World-wide variations in hydralic geometry exponents of stream channels: an analysis and some observations”,Journal of Hydrology, Vol. 33, p. 133-146 ,1977.
    Pfleiger, W. L.,”A Distributional Study of Missouri Fishes”, University of Kansas,1971.
    Pickup, G. and Warner, R. F., “Effect of Hydrological Regime on Magnitude and Frequency of Dominant Discharge,” Journal of Hydrology, 29: p.51-75,1976.
    Platts, W. S., Megahan, W. F. and Minshall, G. W.,” Methods for evaluating stream, riparian and biotic conditions”. In: General Technical Report, INT-138. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain Forest and Range Experiment Station, 70 p.p.,1983.
    Poff, N. L., Allan, J. D., Bain, M. B., Karr, J. R., Prestegaard, K. L., Richter, B. D., Sparks, R. E.and Stromberg, J. C.,” The natural flow regime. A paradigm for river conservation and restoration”, BioScience 47:p. 769-784, 1997.
    Poff, N. L.and Ward, J. V.,” Implications of streamflow variability and predictability for lotic community structure: a regional analysis of streamflow patterns. Can. J. Fish. Aquat”, Sci. 46: p.1805-1818 ,1989.
    Riley, S. J., “A Comparison of Morphometric Measures of Bankfull,” Journal of Hydrology, 17: p.23-31, 1972.
    Rosgen, D. L.,"Applied River Morphology,” Wildland Hydrology, Colorado, 1996.
    Schamberger, M.L., and L.J. O’Neil,” Conceps and constraints of habitat-model testing In: Verner, J., M.L., Morrison, and C.J.,Ralph eds (1986).
    Scheidegger, A. E.,” Some implications of statistical mechanics ingeomorphology, Int. Ass. Sci. Hydrol. Bull. 9(1),p12-16,1964.
    Schumm, S. A., “The Fluvial System,” John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1977,.
    Schwartz, J. S.,” Use of 2-D hydrodynamic model for stream restoration design of high-flow habitat in lowgradientmidwest streams”, Protection and Restoration of Urban and Rural Streams, p. 242-251 ,2004.
    Simons, D. B. and Albertson, M. L., “Uniform Water Conveyance Channels in Alluvial Material,” Transactions, ASCE, Vol. 128, Part 1, 1963.
    Sparks, R. E.,” Need for ecosystem management of large rivers and their floodplains ” , BioScience 45(3):p.168-182, 1995.
    Steffler, P. and Blackburn, J.,”River2D, Two-Dimensional Depth Averaged Model of River Hydrodynamicsand Fish Habitat”, Introduction to Depth Averaged Modeling and User’s Manual. University of Alberta, 2002.
    Steffler, P. and Blackburn, J.,”Two-Dimensional Depth Averaged Model of River Hydrodynamics and Fish Habitat,Introduction to Depth Averaged Modeling and Users Manual”,University of Alberta,2002.02.
    Tennant, D. L., " Instream Flow Requirements for Fish, Wildlife , Recreation and Related Environmental Resources, " Fisheries, 1:6-10., 1976.
    Tharme, R. E.,”Review of international methodologies for the quantification of the instream flow requirements of rivers”, Water Law Review Report Commissioned by the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, 1996.
    U.S. Armey Corps of Engineers Hydraulogic Engineer Center, “HEC-RAS River Analysis System-Hydraulic Reference Mannal”, Davis,CA., 1995.
    U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service,”Standards for the development of habitat suitability index models”, Ecological services manual 103,US Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Division of Ecology Services, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. ,1981.
    Van den Berg, J. H., “Predication of Alluvial Channel Pattern of Perennial Rivers, ” Geomorphology, No. 12: p.259-279, 1995.
    Waddle, T.,”Mesh Generation Program For River2D, Two Dimensional Depth Averaged Finite Element,Introduction to Mesh Generation and Users Manual”,U.S.G.S.,version 2.01,2002.02.
    Wen, P. W., Mao C. T. and Wu, R. S.,” A case study of the temporal and spatial distribution of river hydraulics and habitat in the Wu-Chi River in Taiwan”,International Congress on Modelling and Simulation,p.962-967,Melburne Australia,2005.12.12.
    Wen, P. W., Mao, C. T. and Wu, R. S.,”Modeling the Influences Of Weir on Habit Condition in Da-Han River”,1st International Conference on Hydrology and Water Resources in Asia Pacific Region,p.962-967,Kyoto Japan,2003.03.
    Williams, G. P. and Wolman, M. G., “Downstream Effects of Dams on Alluvial Rivers,” U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1286, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., 1984.
    Wilson, E. O. ed., “Biodiversity”, National Academy Press, Washington,D.C.,1988.
    Wu, R. S. and Mao, C. T.,”The Assessment of River Ecology and Habitat using a Two-Dimensional hydrodynamic and habitat model”,Journal of Marine Science and Technology, 2006,12.
    Wu, W.,”Analysis of Aquatic Habitat Suitability Using a Depth-Averaged 2-D Model”,2006.
    Yang, C. T.,”Potential energy and stream morphology”,Water Resources Res.,7, No.2, p.311-322, 1971.
    三、日文部份
    千山稔,自然的河川計畫,理工図書株式会社,1991.03。
    山本晃一,沖積河川學,山海堂株式会社,1997.07。
    中村守純,”日本のコイ科魚類”,資源科學研究所,東京、455 pp,1969。
    沼田真監修、水野信彥、御勢久右衛門共著,「河川生の態學」,築地書館株式会社,1980.05。
    福留脩文,近自然河川工法の研究,信山社出版,1994.03。
    蘆田和南、高橋保、道上正規,河川の土砂災害對策,1985。
    Advisor
  • Ray-Shyan Wu(吳瑞賢)
  • Files
  • 89342007.pdf
  • approve immediately
    Date of Submission 2007-03-26

    [Back to Results | New Search]


    Browse | Search All Available ETDs

    If you have dissertation-related questions, please contact with the NCU library extension service section.
    Our service phone is (03)422-7151 Ext. 57407,E-mail is also welcomed.