Title page for 89332015


[Back to Results | New Search]

Student Number 89332015
Author Ho-Yuan Kai(何元愷)
Author's Email Address ho501110@ms53.hinet.net
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 4077 times. Download 2596 times.
Department Executive Master of Civil Engineering
Year 2001
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language English
Title structure damage analysis after post-921 quake-as public building for example
Date of Defense 2002-03-29
Page Count 191
Keyword
  • structure damage analysis after post-921 quake
  • Abstract Abstract
    An earth-shattering earthquake, measuring 7.3 on the Richter scale, with its epicenter located near Nantou County’s Chi-Chi Township in central Taiwan, erupted at 1:47am on September 21th, 1999. Disaster statistics compiled by the Ministry of Transportation and Communications’ Central Weather Bureau up to October 11th, 1999 put housings that were totally wiped out at 26,835 buildings, or a total of 40,845 households, and that of semi-collapsed at 24,495 buildings, or a total of 41,393 households, which were affected by the violent jolts.
    The September 21st quake, the worst earthquake ever recorded in Taiwan in the past one hundred years, had arisen from the movements of two tectonic plates – the raising of the Damaoupu-Shuangtung fault, which in turn triggered the movement of the Cherlungpu fault paralleled to its west. In light of this, the thesis aims to examine certain damages to public buildings arisen from this quake that require structural repair and reinforcement.
    For the lack of a comprehensive guideline regulating the design of structural reinforcement in Taiwan, what has been specified in the “Concise Technical Guide on Concrete-reinforced Building Repair and Reinforcement” published by the Ministry of Interiors’ Building Research Institute, and that in the “Technical Manual for Post-Sept. 21 Quake Steel-Concrete Building Emergency Repair and Reinforcement” published by the Bureau of Reconstruction, has been focused largely on structural material reinforcement alone, but little is made to address hte “Overall structural safety,” let alone the general illustrations have also fallen short of describing the characteristics of dynamics on each individual brace.
    Having participated in the post-quake repair, restoration and reinforcement work of a public building that fell victim to the September 21 quake, ranging from the assessment, design, to the implementation and supervision, the thesis not only truthfully chronicles but categorically sorts the design for repairing and reinforcing the existing steel-concrete buildings, and is noted for the following practicalities,
    1.To address a variety of structural damage repairing materials by type, restoring design and implementation procedure;
    2.To establish a stringent and effective design procedure for structural reinforcement;
    hA shockproof endurance assessment model that helps to ensure the shockproof of an entire building.
    hThe adaptation of the ETABS theory to ensure a proper strength reserved for each of the braces.
    hAn ETABS structural analysis and shockproof endurance assessment are to follow before and after each reinforcement work.
    3.To compare the pros and cons of the three implementation methods, namely via the steel-plate reinforcement, the carbon-fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP), or the glass-fiber reinforced plastics (GFRP),
    hAn optimal solution in structural reinforcement needs to take into account related factors such as its workability, pricing and construction period.
    The thesis, upon scrutinizing examination, aims to offer design and implementation methods for repair and restoration work, design processes for structural reinforcement, and a comparison on three most commonly seen reinforcement approaches, presented in an effort to bring forth certain factual contribution towards the local construction engineering sector.
    Table of Content 目   錄
    中文摘要………………………………………………………………………i
    英文摘要………………………………………………………… …………iii
    誌  謝………………………………………………………………………v
    目錄……………………………………………………………………………vi
    圖 目 錄……………………………………………………………………xii
    表 目 錄…………………………………………………………………....xv
    符號說明……………………………………………………..…………xviii
    第一章緒論…………………………………………………………….…….1
    1.1研究動機………………………………………………………………....1
    1.2研究目的………………………………………………………..………..1
    1.3研究範疇…………………………………………………..……………..2
    1.4研究流程…………………………………………………..……………..2
    第二章 回溯相關研究文獻….…………………………………..………….4
     2.1耐震能力評估………….…………………………………..………….4
     2.2修復補強……………………………………………………………...5
     2.3近斷層譜加速度需求與設計反應譜之作法….………..………….7
      2.3.1 美國統一建築規範UBC97之因應對策………………………..7
    2.3.2 近斷層因子與近斷層正規化加速度設計反應譜……………….13
    2.3.3 近斷層正規化設計基底剪力係數……………………………….21
    2.3.4 垂直斷層與平行斷層效應……………………………………….24
      2.3.5 近斷層最大地表速度………………………………………….33
    第三章 斷層之工程性質………………………………………………..….36
     3.1斷層概述………………………………………………………………36
      3.1.1 活動斷層之定義與分類……….………………………………36
      3.1.2 活動斷層表示法與資料概述…………………………………37
      3.1.3 活動斷層之工址調查………………………….…………..…38
      3.1.4 活動斷層與地震之關係…………………………….………39
      3.1.5 斷層之工程影響…………………………………………….…41
     3.2近斷層設計地震力…..…………………………………………….…41
      3.2.1 UBC的靜力分析法…………………………………………...…42
    3.2.2 UBC的簡化靜力分析法…………………………………...………44
    3.2.3 UBC的動力分析法……………………………………………...…44
    3.2.4 UBC的地震力載重組合……………………………………...……45
    3.2.5 UBC97有關近斷層地震力之規定……………………………...…45
    3.2.6 UBC97斷層之分類……………………………………………...…47
     3.3台灣近斷層正規化設計反應譜之修正建議………………………...47
      3.3.1 近斷層正規化設計反應譜…………………………………….48
    3.3.2 近斷層因子..…..………………………………………….………49
    3.4小結........….….………………………………………………….…51
    第四章 耐震能力評估方法….………………………………………………52
    4.1建築物耐震設計規範沿革….………………………………………..…52
    4.1.1 民國63年以前之建築技術規則規定……………………………53
    4.1.2 民國63年之建築技術規則規定…………………………………53
    4.1.3 民國71年之建築技術規則規定…………………………………54
    4.1.4 民國78年之建築技術規則規定…………………………………54
    4.1.5 民國86年建築物設計規範及解說………………………………55
    4.2影響耐震能力之因素….……………………………………………..…55
    4.3鋼筋混凝土建築物耐震能力詳細評估…………………………..…….59
    4.3.1 詳細評估法之目的………………………………….……………60
    4.3.2 詳細評估法之架構………………………….……………………60
    4.3.3 建築物彈性地震分析…………………………………….………62
    4.3.4 梁、柱斷面降伏時之彎矩強度……………………….…………62
    4.3.5 梁柱斷面之剪力強度…………………………………….………64
    4.3.6 構件之韌性容量……………………………………….…………65
    4.3.7 梁柱破壞模式與韌性比……………………………….…………67
    4.3.8 節點破壞模式………..…………………………………...………68
    4.3.9 含磚牆構架建築物之耐震能力評估………………………….…70
    4.3.10 含剪力牆構架建築物之耐震能力評估…………………..…….75
    4.3.11 各半層之降伏地表加速度……………………………………...77
    4.3.12 結構系統地震力折減係數………………………………..…….78
    4.3.13 各半層之耐震能力……………………………………………...79
     4.4耐震安全評估標準…………………………………………………..….80
    4.4.1 建築技術規則之規定…………………………………………….80
    4.4.2 營建署之標準…………………………………………………….81
    4.5補強或拆除重建標準……………………….…………………….…….81
    4.5.1 建築技術規則之規定………………….………………………....82
    4.5.2 營建署之標準………………….………………………….……...83
    第五章 修復與補強設計………………….….………………………....84
    5.1前言………………….………………………………………..……...84
    5.2修復與補強工程材料介紹..…………………………………………….87
    5.2.1 填補用修復材料..…………………………………...……………88
    5.2.2 黏結用材料..……………………………………….…………....89
    5.2.3 主要受力用材料…………..…………………………….……....89
    5.3構材修復工法介紹…………………………………………….……....90
    5.3.1 混凝土損壞修復工法……………………………………........90
    5.3.2 阻止鋼筋袘k工法………………………………………........91
    5.3.3 構材補強工法……………………………………………...……..92
    5.3.4 結構系統補強工法…………………………………...…………..99
    5.4鋼鈑補強設計……………………………………….…………………104
    5.4.1 各國SRC規範……………………………….………..…………104
    5.4.2 柱鋼鈑補強設計…….……………………….….………………106
    5.4.3 剪力補強設計……………………………….….…………….…111
    5.4.4 加設剪力牆補強設計……………………….….……….………116
    5.5修復與補強工程成本概估……………………….….…………………117
    第六章個案分析…………………………………………...…………………122
    6.1個案分析設計流程………………………….……..……………….…122
    6.2結構物基本設計資料122
    6.2.1 結構系統……………………….……..…………………...……126
    6.2.2 地盤種類……………………….……...……………..…………126
    6.2.3 材料性質……………………….……...……………..…………126
    6.3建築技術規則之設計地震力及耐震安全標準…………………….…126
    6.3.1 各年度建築技術規則之設計地震力………………………...…127
    6.3.2 各年度建物建技規則之崩塌地表加速度…………………...…128
    6.3.3 營建署之耐震評估標準……………………………………...…128
    6.4近斷層設計地震力之計算……………………………….……….....…129
    6.4.1 近斷層正規化設計反應譜係數……………………………...…130
    6.4.2 近斷層地震力計算…………………………………………...…132
    6.4.3 現行規範之最小水平地震總橫力…………………………...…132
    6.4.4 耐震能力詳細評估標準建議………………………………...…134
    6.5耐震能力詳細評估…………………………………….…………...…135
    6.5.1 評估步驟………………………………………………...…...…135
    6.5.2 結構分析模擬原則………………………….…….………...…136
    6.5.3 樓層載重與結構分析模式………………….….……..…...…136
    6.5.4 基本振動週期………………………….…….………….....…138
    6.5.5 載重條件與豎向分配成果…………….……..……………...…139
    6.5.6 耐震能力詳細評估成果……………….……..……………...…139
    6.6 構件強度檢核分析……………….……..………………….…...…141
    6.6.2 靜態水平地震力及豎向分配.…….……………………...…141
    6.6.3 意外扭矩……………….……...……………………………..…143
    6.6.4 垂直地震力…………….……...……………………………..…143
    6.6.5 載重組合…………….……...………………………………..…144
    6.6.6 梁柱構材檢核基準….……...………………………….…….…145
    6.6.7 梁柱構材配筋量檢核……...……………….………………..…146
    6.6.8 小結……………….……...…………………………………...…155
    6.7結構補強規劃與設計….…….……………….………………....… 156
    6.7.1 結構補強設計原則……..……………….………………...…156
    6.7.2 結構補強設計流程……..……………….………………...…156
    6.7.3 結構補強方案規劃…….………………….………………...…158
    6.7.4 結構補強設計…….………………….…………...……………159
    6.7.5 補強後耐震能力詳細評估.………….………………...…… 159
    6.8小結……………….……………………………………………....… 161
    第七章 結論與建議…….…….……………………………………...… 162
     7.1結論….……..………………………………………………...… 162
    7.2建議….…………………………………………………………...… 164
    參考文獻….…………… ……………………………………...………166
    Reference 參考文獻
    1.林平昇,「台灣建築糾紛案之研究」,台灣省建築師公會台北市辦事處學術研究會,民國六十九年。
    2.蘇棋福,「建築技術規則構造編解說實例(上冊)」,茂榮圖書公司,民國六十三年。
    3.「最新建築技術規則」,茂榮圖書公司,民國七十七年。
    4.「最新建築技術規則」,詹氏書局,民國八十五年。
    5.「建築物耐震設計規範及解說」,營建雜誌社,民國八十六年。
    6.「最新建築技術規則」,茂榮圖書公司,民國八十七年。
    7.蔡益超、邱昌平、張英發,「國內外現有鋼筋混凝土建築物耐震能力評估方法之比較及較佳評估準則之架構」,國立台灣大學地震工程研究中心,民國七十七年一月。
    8.蔡益超、邱昌平、張英發,「現有鋼筋混凝土建築物耐震能力初步評估法則」,國立台灣大學地震工程研究中心,民國七十七年七月。
    9.蔡益超、邱昌平、張英發、洪聰維,「現有鋼筋混凝土建築物耐震能力評估準則之研究」,國立台灣大學地震工程研究中心,民國七十八年六月。
    10.蔡益超、楊金龍,「鋼筋混凝土建築物耐震能力評估」,國立臺灣大學碩士論文,民國八十六年六月。
    11.「既有鋼筋混凝土建築物耐震評估手冊」,內政部建築研究所,民國八十五年。
    12.「構造物補強研討會論文集」,臺灣省土木技師公會,民國八十一年五月。
    13.「既存鋼筋混凝土結構物的耐震補強手冊」,財團法人日本混凝土工學會技報堂,1984。
    14.小倉一弘郎,「既存鋼筋混凝土建築物的耐震補強和診斷」,技術學院,1984。
    15.廣澤雅也、山崎裕「耐震診斷補強設計的實務」,建築技術,1991。
    16.林草英、林益勝,「既存結構耐震補強及維修作業之探討」,防災科技研究報告77-66,行政院國家科學委員會,民國七十八年六月。
    17.彭耀南、趙文成、林昌佑,「建築結構之耐震診斷與補強-梁」,防災科技研究報告77-60,行政院國家科學委員會,民國七十八年五月。
    18.彭耀南、趙文成,「建築結構之耐震診斷與補強-柱」,防災科技研究報告78-62,行政院國家科學委員會,民國七十九年六月。
    19.彭耀南、趙文成,「建築結構之耐震診斷與補強-接頭」,防災科技研究報告79-67,行政院國家科學委員會,民國八十年八月。
    20.陪Z雄,「短柱補強與改進試驗(1)」,防災科技研究報告81-01,行政院國家科學委員會,民國八十一年七月。
    21.張荻薇,「地震後受損鋼筋混凝土建築物之補修及耐震補強設計法」,結構工程,民國七十六年一月,79-90頁。
    22.「鋼筋混凝土建築物之修復與補強技術彙編」,內政部建築研究所,民國八十七年六月。
    23.衛龍武、呂志濤、朱萬福,「建築物加固與改造」,江蘇科學技術出版社,1993,1月。
    24.「學校建築常見之結構損害現象歸類及補強計畫建議」,內政部建築研究所,民國八十五年六月。
    25.「推動公有及供公眾使用之建築物耐震能力評估及補強實施方案(草案)」,內政部營建署,民國八十七年。
    26.陪Z雄、張嘉祥、蔡瑞河,「新建學校建築耐震規劃設計與既有學校建築耐震補強指針研擬」,內政部建築研究所,民國八十六年六月。
    27.Hanson, R.D., ’’Repair, Strengthening and Rehabilitation of Buildings, Recommendations for Needed Research, ’’Department of Civil Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, 1977.
    28.Lagorio, H.T., Friedman, H. and Wong, K. M, ’’Issues for Seismic Strengthening of Existing Buildings, A Practical Guide for Architects,’’ Center for Environmental Design Research, University of California, Berkeley, January 1978.
    29.‘’Tentative Provisions for the Development of Seismic Regulations for Buildings’’ ATC3-06, Applied Technology Council, June 1978.
    30.Bett, B.J., Klinger, R. and Jisrsa, J., ’’Lateral Load Response of Strengthened and Repaired Reinforced Concrete Columns, ’’ACI Structural Journal, Vol.85, No.5, 1988.
    31.Alcocer, S. and Jirsa, J., ’’Assessment of the Response of Reinforced Concrete Frame Connections Redesigned by Jacketing, ’’Fourth US National Conference on Earthquake Engineer, California, USA, May 1990.
    32.Bush, Jr., T.D., Willie, Jr., L.A. and Jirsa, J. ’’Observations on two Seismic Strengthening Schemes for Concrete Frames, ’’Earthquake Spectra, Vol.7, No.4, 1991.
    33.‘’Repair and Rehabilitation Research for Seismic Resistance of Structures,’’ Announcement of Program Initiative, National Science Foundation, USA.
    34.‘’Repair and Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete, Stone and Brick-Masonry Buildings,’’ Building Construction under Seismic Conditions in Balkan Region, UNDP/UNIDO PROJECT RER/79/015,/ UNIDO,Vienna,1983.
    35.Rodriguez, M. and Park, R., ’’Repair and Strengthening of Reinforced Concrete Buildings for Seismic Resistance, ’’Earthquake Spectra, Vol.7, No.3, 1991.
    36.「鋼筋混凝土建築物耐震能力評估法及推廣」,內政部建築研究所,民國八十八年六月。
    37.林子平、劉賢淋,「工程地質與工址調查」,民國八十五年十二月。
    38.葉超雄、洪思閩,「近斷層建築物設計地震力之研究」,內政部建研所,民國八十八年六月。
    39.洪如江,「初等工程地質學大綱」,財團法人地工技術研究發展基金會,民國八十六年。
    40.‘’Uniform Building Code’’, 1997ed. ICBO.
    41.「鋼骨鋼筋混凝土構造(SRC)設計規範研究」,內政部建築研究所,民國八十五年六月。
    42.「鋼骨鋼筋混凝土構造(SRC)設計規範與解說研究」,內政部建築研究所,民國八十六年六月。
    43.「橋梁設計與耐震補強」,台灣營建研究院,民國八十八年十二月。
    44.Improved Seismic Design Criteria for California Bridges:Provisional Recommendations,ATC-32,Applied Technology Council,Redwood City,California,1996.
    45.AASHTO Standard Design Specifications for Highway Bridges,American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials,Washington,D.C.,1992.
    46.Aschheim,M.,Moehle,J.P. and Mahin,S.,Design and Evaluation of Reinforced Concrete Bridges for Seismic Resistance,EERC Report No.97/04,University of California,Berkeley,California1997.
    47.Priestley,M.J.N.,R. Verma, and Y.Xiao,”Seismic Shear Strength of Reinforced Concrete Columns”, ASCE Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol.120,No.8,pp.2310-2329,1994.
    48.Verma,R., Priestley, M.J.N., and Seible,F., Assessment of Seismic Response and Steel Jacket Retrofit of Squat Circular Reinforced Concrete Bridge Columns, Report No.SSRP-92/05,Department of Applied Mechanics and Engineering Sciences,University of California at San Diego, June 1993.
    Advisor
  • Jyh-Dong Lin(林志棟)
  • Files
  • 89332015.pdf
  • approve immediately
    Date of Submission 2002-05-29

    [Back to Results | New Search]


    Browse | Search All Available ETDs

    If you have dissertation-related questions, please contact with the NCU library extension service section.
    Our service phone is (03)422-7151 Ext. 57407,E-mail is also welcomed.