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Student Number 88624015
Author Jing-Tsin Yie(葉俊岑)
Author's Email Address No Public.
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 1979 times. Download 1111 times.
Department Graduate Institute of Applied Geology
Year 2000
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title 利用單站頻譜比法探討集集地震造成之土壤非線性反應
Date of Defense 2001-07-20
Page Count 125
Keyword
  • Chi-chi earthquake
  • H/V spectral ratio method
  • nonlinear
  • site effect
  • Abstract On September 21, 1999, an earthquake with the magnitude of 7.3 on the Richter scale occurred in the central Taiwan. The surface rupture along the Chelungpu fault is about 100 km in length. The earthquake killed more than 2,500 people and completely destroyed more than 10,000 buildings, and left 100,000 people homeless. The Chi-chi earthquake not only directly caused heavy damages on the structure and huge human life loss near the epicenter area, but also induced the secondary damages to the buildings in the central Taiwan region. From the field surveys, many places, such as Yuanlin, Wufong, Nanto City and Puli, suffer considerable from the soil liquefaction. It implies that the nonlinear soil response should occur pervasively in the central Taiwan area.
    The aim of this study is to identify the area have nonlinear soil response during the Chi-chi earthquake. The data we use include main shock, after shocks of the Chi-chi earthquake and the weak motion records before the Chi-chi earthquake. We use the horizontal-to-vertical (H/V) spectral ratio method to conduct the analysis in this study because of lacking a good referent rock site in the alluvial plain. From our results, we found the nonlinear soil response usually occurred in soft alluvial plain, especially at the site near liquefied area. Most linear amplification areas are observed in the western foothill and Taichung Basin. The range and degree of nonlinear soil response are highly related to the local geology.
    Besides, we also use the data from three downhole accelerometer arrays to check the accuracy of nonlinear soil response that estimated from H/V spectral ratios. The results strongly suggest that we can use the H/V spectral ratio method to estimate the nonlinear site effect.
    Table of Content 論文提要…………………………………………………………...i
    誌 謝…………………………………………………………...ii
    目 錄…………………………………………………………...iii
    圖 目…………………………………………………………...v
    表 目…………………………………………………………...x
    第一章緒論 ………………………………………………………1
    1.1研究動機與目的 …………………………………………1
    1.2文獻回顧 …………………………………………………4
    1.3本文內容 …………………………………………………7
    第二章中部地區地質背景 ………………………………………8
    2.1地質概況 ………………………………………………..8
    2.2主要液化地區地質背景 ………………………………..11
    2.2.1員林地區 ...……………………………………………11
    2.2.2霧峰地區 ...……………………………………………15
    2.2.3南投市與貓羅溪沿岸 .....……………………………..20
    2.2.4埔里盆地 ...……………………………………………24
    第三章研究原理與方法 …………………………………………27
    3.1局部的場址非線性反應 ...…………………………...…..27
    3.1.1大地工程方面 ...………………………………………27
    3.1.2地震觀測方面 ...………………………………………29
    3.2傅氏振幅譜 ...…………………………………………...31
    3.3單站頻譜比法 ...………………………………………...32
    3.3.1單站頻譜比法原理 ...………………………………..32
    3.3.2資料處理步驟 ...……………………………………..33
    第四章方法檢驗 …………….....…...……………………………37
    4.1羅東LSST陣列 .....………………………………………37
    4.2花蓮SMART-2陣列 .....………….………………………47
    4.3日本神戶港Port Island井下陣列 .………………………58
    4.4結果討論 ...……………………………………………...66
    第五章資料分析結果與討論 ...………………………………...71
    5.1觀測結果分析 ...………………………………………...75
    5.2液化區附近測站之頻譜分析 ...………………………...75
    5.3非線性定量分析 …………………………………………95
    5.4土壤液化與非線性反應的關係 …………………………103
    第六章結論 ………………………………………………………106
    6.1單站頻譜比法檢驗結果 …………………………………106
    6.2集集地震系列的非線性效應 ……………………………107
    參考文獻…………………………………………………………...109
    附錄一…………………………………………………………...115
    附錄二…………………………………………………………...120
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  • Kuo-Liang Wen(溫國樑)
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    Date of Submission 2001-07-20

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