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Student Number 88624002
Author Chung-Lin Yang(楊宗霖)
Author's Email Address No Public.
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 1923 times. Download 991 times.
Department Graduate Institute of Applied Geology
Year 2000
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title An application of dyeing technique in organic maturation studies
Date of Defense 2001-06-20
Page Count 72
Keyword
  • coal
  • dyeing technique
  • organic maturation
  • Abstract In order to identify macerals in a quick and easy way, a 2:1 FeCl3 and K3Fe(CN)6 mixing solution is applied as a dye for coal. After series of dyeing experiments, the standard dyeing procedures were established. Furthermore, the vitrinite reflectance data were measured after dyeing, then calibrated back to their original value, so as to estimate their maturity correctly. The experiment results indicate that 50 minutes is the most proper soaking time in dye.
    The same dye was applied on coal , kerogen and coaly shale, respectively so as to evaluate the suitability of this technique in solving the problem of measuring maturity of source rocks. The results indicate that 1) the color of vitrinite turned to bright yellow after dyeing;2)the reflectance of vitrinite after and before dyeing can be expressed in the equation: (dyeing)= 0.94 (no-dyeing)+ 0.26(%);3)the dyeing technique can be applied on the source rocks.
    Table of Content 論文提要………………………………………………………………..i
    誌謝…………………………………………………………………….ii
    目錄……………………………………………………………………iii
    圖目…………………………………………………………………….v
    表目…………………………………………………………………….vi
    第一章緒言………………………………………………………...1頁
    1.1研究動機與目的………………………………………………..1頁
    1.2內文簡介………………………………………………………...4頁
    第二章文獻回顧…………………………………………………...5頁
    2.1煤及油母質……………………………………………………...5頁
    2.1.1煤的分類………………………………………………….5頁
    2.1.2油母質的分類…………………………………………….9頁
    2.2鏡煤素反射率的應用………………………………………….15頁
    2.3有機質的成熟度……………………………………………….15頁
    2.4煤樣染色技術的介紹………………………………………….16頁
    2.5結語…………………………………………………………….18頁
    第三章實驗方法………………………………………………….20頁
    3.1實驗方法的介紹……………………………………………….20頁
    3.1.1樣品的選取……………………………………………...20頁
    3.1.2煤樣製作與拋光………………………………………...20頁
    3.1.2.1 煤樣製作………………………………………..20頁
    3.1.2.2 粉煤餅之拋光方法……………………………..21頁
    3.1.3油母質樣品製備流程…………………………………...22頁
    3.1.4鏡煤素反射率之量測…………………………………...23頁
    3.1.5染色實驗建立…………………………………………...25頁
    3.2本研究之各實驗流程介紹…………………………………….26頁
    3.2.1染色實驗建立…………………………………………...26頁
    3.2.2不同成熟度煤樣染色實驗……………………………...27頁
    3.2.3油母質染色實驗………………………………………...27頁
    3.2.4煤頁岩染色實驗………………………………………...28頁
    第四章實驗結果與討論……………………………………….....29頁
    4.1染色時間的評估.……………………………………………....29頁
    4.2煤樣、油母質及煤頁岩染色實驗…………………………….33頁
    4.2.1樣品染色前後,煤素質之顏色變化情形…………….…….34頁
    4.2.2樣品染色前後,鏡煤素反射率值之變化………….……….34頁
    第五章結論與建議………………………………………….……44頁
    5.1結論……………………….…………………………………....44頁
    5.2建議…………………………………………………………….44頁
    參考文獻…………………………………………………………...45頁
    附錄一染色時間評估的鏡煤素反射率資料………….…….50頁
    附錄二不同成熟度煤樣染色前後之鏡煤素反射率資料..…55頁
    附錄三不同成熟度油母質染色前後之鏡煤素反射率資料..59頁
    附錄四煤頁岩染色前後之鏡煤素反射率資料……………..66頁
    圖版說明………………………………………………….….……67頁
    英文摘要…………………………………………………….…….72頁
    圖目
    圖1.1上方為生油岩中鏡煤素的顆粒大小;下方為煤中鏡煤素的顆
    粒大小……...…………….……….…………………………..2頁
    圖1.2生油岩中有機質的含量……….………………….………....3頁
    圖2.1油母質類型之Van Krevelen圖…...…………….………....13頁
    圖4.1裕峰煤樣因浸染時間長短,造成染色前後其鏡煤素反射
    率之變化………...…..…………………….…….…...……...31頁
    圖4.2煤樣染色前後,鏡煤素反射率測值分佈圖………………32頁
    圖4.3煤樣染色前(Ru)與染色後(Rd)之鏡煤素反射率關係圖.....39頁
    圖4.4油母質前(Ru)與染色後(Rd)之鏡煤素反射率關係圖.……39頁
    圖4.5為不同成熟度之油母質樣品與煤樣樣品之染色前(Ru)與染色
    後(Rd)之鏡煤素反射率分佈特性...………………………..43頁
    表目
    表2.1 煙煤的巨觀煤岩分類表……………………………………..6頁
    表2.2 煤素質群之分類表…………………………………………..7頁
    表2.3 孢粉學之油母質分類……………...……………………….10頁
    表2.4 煤岩學上分類及生油潛能………..………………………..11頁
    表2.5 化學元素特性上的油母質分類表………...……………….12頁
    表2.6 不同油母質分類類型對比表………………………………14頁
    表2.7 不同染劑對不同煤級的煤進行染色之工作結果…...…….19頁
    表4.1 煤樣染色前後鏡煤素反射率( %)結果;(1)、(2)、(3)、(4)、(5)為不同成熟度之裕峰煤染色時間分別為20分鐘、30分鐘、40分鐘、50分鐘、60分鐘……….………………………..31頁
    表4.2 臺灣中新世石底層不同成熟度煤樣染色前後鏡煤素反射率
    ( %)的變化情形..………………………………………35頁
    表4.3 不同成熟度油母質之染色前後鏡煤素反射率( %)的變化
    情形……………………………………...………………….36頁
    表4.4 煤頁岩(原岩)之染色前後鏡煤素反射率( %)及煤素質
    百分比………………...………………………………….....37頁
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    Advisor
  • Louis L. Tsai(蔡龍珆)
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    Date of Submission 2001-06-20

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