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Student Number 87426009
Author Xin-Kai Guo(Y_)
Author's Email Address No Public.
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 2583 times. Download 1245 times.
Department Graduate Institute of Industrial Management
Year 1999
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title I2SCM: A Design and Analysis Method for Improving the Flexibility of Agent-mediated Supply Chain
Date of Defense 2000-07-04
Page Count 113
Keyword
  • agent-based system
  • supply chain management
  • Abstract Efficient information flow and control can not only handle customer voices but also solve the conflicts in various departments of supply chain. In order to capture customer's need quickly and effectively, designing the whole supply chain into resilient and responsive fabrics is necessary. This viewpoint suggests that supply chain flexibility should be examined from an integrative and customer-oriented perspective, and in order to drum up more market share, whole supply chain has to provide a mechanism of decision making which has more flexibility.
    I2SCM proposed by this research is in face of customer demands directly. In one hand, I2SCM will generate optimal schedule and dispatch commands of action to parts of supply chain directly, and in the other hand, I2SCM will negotiate with customers continuously. Parts of supply chain will then act according to the commands to achieve customer demands. So I2SCM is an approach providing a flexible and fleet method to solve the problems of changeable markets, and we can view this mechanism as a connection and an ideal transfer of information to improve the flexibility of supply chain. To construct this mechanism of I2SCM, we use OOA/OOD to identify each object of I2SCM, and clarify their attributes, functions relationships clearly. And then we figure the whole process, transfer of information, and the state transition in I2SCM through ARIS tools. Specially, we introduce Agent-Based System to I2SCM to operate more effectively, and this will make each function work with the most availability autonomously. And TAEMS model will provide the flexibility of dealing with changes of demands in face of different constraints. Finally, we use High-Level Petri-Nets to simulate this mechanism to confirm its practicability and suitability.
    We design two major parts in I2SCM to response customer rapidly. Upper Level Controller receives the message of demand changes, and then makes an initial plan. Each requirement generates from the plan will send to relevant agents to analyze current availabilities and abilities. Lower Level Controller will proceed to schedule completely according to these availabilities and abilities, and will dispatch the schedule to every part in supply chain. The supply chain will then follow the schedule to act in order that the demands of clients will be achieve.
    Table of Content Table of Contents
    AbstractKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK..K...i
    Table of Contents..KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK...KKKKK.ii
    List of TablesKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK.v
    List of FiguresKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK...vi
    Chapter I Introduction
    1.1 BackgroundKKKKKK.....KKKKKKKKKKKKK.KK.KK..
    1.2 MotivationKKKKKKKKKKK...KKKKKKKKKKK.KK..
    1.3 Research ObjectivesKKKKKKKK.KKKKKKKKKKK.KK.
    1.4 Thesis OrganizationKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK..KKKKK..
    Chapter II Literature Review
    2.1 Supply Chain ManagementKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK2.1.1Introduction of Supply ChainKK.KKKKKKKKKKKKK
    2.1.2Issues of Flexibility in Supply Chain managementKKKKKKK112468889
    2.1.3Response Cost and Time in Supply Chain ManagementKKKK..
    2.1.4Comparison of Supply Chain Modeling Approaches...KKKKK
    2.2 Agent-Based System2.2.1Agent-Based SystemKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK.K2.2.2Suggestions of Designing An Agent-based SystemKKKKKK..
    2.3 Process Model Representation and Existing ApplicationsKKK.KKK..
    2.3.1The Work-Flow Management SystemKKKKKKKKKKK..
    2.3.2Process Model Representation TechnologiesKKKKKKKKK1115191920212123
    Chapter III Overview of I2SCM
    3.1 Flexibilities of Supply ChainKKKKKKKK.KKKKKKKKKK
    3.1.1Responsibility of Supply ChainKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
    3.1.2Information Control In Supply ChainKKKKKKKK.KKK..
    3.2 Introduction of I2SCMKKKKKKKKK..KKKK3.2.1Architecture of I2SCM..KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
    3.2.2I2SCMs Environment of Information ControlKKK.KKKKK
    3.3 Methodologies Applied for I2SCM System DesignKKKK...KK.KK.
    3.3.1Object-Oriented Approach As Static MethodKKKKKKKK...
    3.3.2Petri Nets As Dynamic Modeling MethodKKKKKKKKK...
    3.3.2.1 The Classical Petri Nets ModelKKKKKKKKKKK..
    3.3.2.2 High Level Petri Nets with Color, Time, and HierarchyKK
    3.3.3Agent-Based SystemKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK.
    3.3.3.1 Introduction of AgentKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK..
    3.3.3.2 Reasons of Applying Agent-Based System In I2SCMKKK
    3.3.3.3 The Design Process of Agent-Based SystemKKKKKK..
    3.3.4Task Structure Modeling of TAEMSKKKKKKKK.
    Chapter IV Modeling of I2SCM4.1 Static Modeling of I2SCMKKKK...KKK.KKKKKKKKKKK
    4.1.1OOA/OOD of I2SCMKKKKKKKKKKKKKK.KKK...
    4.1.2Agents of I2SCMKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK...
    4.1.3TAEMS of I2SCMKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK.
    4.2 Dynamic Modeling of I2SCM Applying Petri NetsKKKKKKKKK..
    4.2.1Documenting The ModelKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK..
    4.2.2Petri Nets Models of I2SCMKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK.
    4.2.2.1 Generic Process ModelsKKKKKKKKKKKKKK.
    4.2.2.2 Petri Nets Models of I2SCMKKKKKKKKKKKK...
    4.2.2.3 Macro Petri Nets Models of I2SCMKKKKKKKKKK25252526282831333336363940404143454949495562666671717784
    Chapter V Implementation of I2SCM
    5.1 Case DescriptionKKKKKK.KKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK
    5.2 Applying the I2SCMKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK...KKKKK
    5.3 Results AnalysisKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK..
    Chapter VIConclusions and Recommendations
    6.1ConclusionsKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK.
    6.2RecommendationsKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKKK...
    ReferenceKKKKKKKKKKK..KKKKKKKKKKKKKKK..888890100104104105108
    List of Tables
    Table 2-1 Supply Chain Model18
    Table 2-2 Two Levels in Designing an Agent-Based System21
    Table 2-3 Four Major Process Modeling Perspectives24
    Table 2-4 Four Major Process Modeling Perspectives vs. Applications24
    Table 3-1 Comparison of Upper and Lower Level Controllers31
    Table 3-2 Illustration of Interpretations of Transitions and Places37
    Table 3-3 The Characteristics of I2SCM43
    Table 3-4 Stages in Designing Agent-Based System44
    Table 3-5 Nine Alternatives to Achieve Develop A New Product47
    Table 3-6 Different Schedules for Different Clients48
    Table 4-1 The Relation and Comparison Between TAEMS And I2SCM65
    Table 4-2 Colors And Interpretations For Places And Transitions In The HLPN Model of Order Acquisition Agent78
    Table 4-3 Colors And Interpretations For Places And Transitions In The HLPN Model of Logistics Agent79
    Table 4-4 Colors And Interpretations For Places And Transitions In The HLPN Model of Transportation Agent80
    Table 4-5 Colors And Interpretations For Places And Transitions In The HLPN Model of Resource Agent81
    Table 4-6 Colors And Interpretations For Places And Transitions In The HLPN Model of Scheduling Agent82
    Table 4-7 Colors And Interpretations For Places And Transitions In The HLPN Model of Dispatching Agent83
    Table 4-8 Colors And Interpretations For Places In The HLPN Model of I2SCM86
    Table 4-9 Colors And Interpretations For Transitions In The HLPN Model of I2SCM87
    Table 5-1 Results of Simulation of Scenario 1101
    Table 5-2 Results of Simulation of Scenario 2102
    Table 5-3 Results of Simulation of Scenario 3103
    List of Figures
    Figure 1-1 Structure of Supply Chain2
    Figure 1-2 The SC Management Functions Driven by Customer demand4
    Figure 1-3 The Concept of Ideal Transfer of Information5
    Figure 1-4 Concept of I2SCM Mechanism5
    Figure 1-5 Thesis Organization7
    Figure 2-1 Overview of Supply Chain Management8
    Figure 2-2 Shifting the CODP Upstream13
    Figure 2-3 Comparing Traditional Information Flow With An Information Enriched Supply Chain14
    Figure 2-4 Two Dimensions of a Workflow Process Specification23
    Figure 3-1 The Relationship of Analyzing Tools29
    Figure 3-2 Overview of I2SCM30
    Figure 3-3 Example of Petri-Nets (a) PN model, (b) initial marking,
    (c) marking m138
    Figure 3-4 Reachability Tree and Markings38
    Figure 3-5 Refinement of a Petri Net39
    Figure 3-6 Agents Are Bounded Process, And Interacting Through A Shared Environment41
    Figure 3-7 Modularity + Decentralization Changeability43
    Figure 3-8 Task Structure of TAEMS46
    Figure 4-1 OOD of Business Units of Supply Chain50
    Figure 4-2 OOD of I2SCM Controller50
    Figure 4-3 OMT of I2SCM54
    Figure 4-4 Agents In Two Level Controllers of I2SCM56
    Figure 4-5 I/O of Order Acquisition Agent57
    Figure 4-6 I/O of Logistics Agent58
    Figure 4-7 I/O of Resource Agent59
    Figure 4-8 I/O of Transportation Agent60
    Figure 4-9 I/O of Scheduling Agent61
    Figure 4-10 I/O of Dispatching Agent62
    Figure 4-11 Four Levels of TAEMS Model63
    Figure 4-12 Four Levels of I2SCM64
    Figure 4-13 The DFD of I2SCM67
    Figure 4-14 The STD of I2SCM68
    Figure 4-15 (a) The PCD of I2SCM Process 2-169
    Figure 4-15 (b) The PCD of I2SCM Process 2-270
    Figure 4-16 Operation Process of I2SCM Upper Level Controller71
    Figure 4-17 Operation Procedure of Order Acquisition Agent72
    Figure 4-18 Operation Procedure of Logistics Agent73
    Figure 4-19 Operation Procedure of Resource Agent74
    Figure 4-20 Operation Procedure of Transportation Agent74
    Figure 4-21 Operation Process of I2SCM Upper Level Controller75
    Figure 4-22 Operation Procedure of Scheduling Agent76
    Figure 4-23 Operation Procedure of Dispatching Agent77
    Figure 4-24 Petri-Mets Model of Operations in Order Acquisition Agent78
    Figure 4-25 Petri-Mets Model of Operations in Logistics Agent79
    Figure 4-26 Petri-Mets Model of Operations in Transportation Agent80
    Figure 4-27 Petri-Mets Model of Operations in Resource Agent81
    Figure 4-28 Petri-Mets Model of Operations in Scheduling Agent82
    Figure 4-29 Petri-Mets Model of Operations in Dispatching Agent83
    Figure 4-30 Macro Activity Diagram for I2SCM84
    Figure 4-31 Petri-Mets Model of Operations in I2SCM85
    Figure 5-1 I2SCM System of K-S Supply Chain90
    Figure 5-2 Upper Level Controller of I2SCM of K-S Supply Chain91
    Figure 5-3 Order Acquisition Agent of K-S Supply Chain92
    Figure 5-4 Logistics Agent of K-S Supply Chain92
    Figure 5-5 Transportation Agent of K-S Supply Chain92
    Figure 5-6 Resource Agent of K-S Supply Chain92
    Figure 5-7 Lower Level Controller of K-S Supply Chain93
    Figure 5-8 Scheduling Agent of K-S Supply Chain93
    Figure 5-9 Dispatching Agent of K-S Supply Chain93
    Figure 5-10 Initial Token of Simulation of Scenario 195
    Figure 5-11 Final Results of Project 1 of I2SCM System96
    Figure 5-12 Results of Upper Level Controller of Project 197
    Figure 5-13 Result of Lower Level Controller of Project 198
    Figure 5-14 Final Results of I2SCM System of Project 299
    Figure 5-15 Final Results of I2SCM System of Project 3100
    Figure 5-16 TAEMS Model of Scenario 1101
    Figure 5-17 TAEMS Model of Scenario 2102
    Figure 5-18 TAEMS Model of Scenario 3103
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    Date of Submission 2000-07-04

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