Title page for 87224018


[Back to Results | New Search]

Student Number 87224018
Author Hsiang-Yi Wu(吳相儀)
Author's Email Address No Public.
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 2257 times. Download 832 times.
Department Graduate Institute of Geophysics
Year 1999
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title Source Analysis of Moderate to Large Earthquake in Taiwan
Date of Defense 2000-07-14
Page Count 119
Keyword
  • fault length
  • Green's function
  • scaling
  • seismic moment
  • slip distribution
  • source parameters
  • stress drop
  • waveform inversion
  • Abstract Taiwan Strong Motion Network (TSMN) had been operated by the Central Weather Bureau since 1991. Most of moderate to large earthquakes in Taiwan had been well recorded by the dense network. These stations are usually very close and have good azimuthal coverage to the epicenters of most of inland earthquakes. These near source records provided us a good opportunity to understand the rupture processes of the earthquakes on a quick and reliable basis.
    We analyzed nine M>5 inland earthquakes with focal depth than 20 km including 1999 Chi-Chi and two 1999 Chia-Yi earthquakes. Through waveform inversion analysis, we obtained the slip distribution and seismic moment, fault length(L2), fault width(W2), fault area(A2), average displacement( ) and stress drop( ) of the corresponding event. Combined the results of 1995 I-Lan earthquake, 1996 Lan-Yu earthquake and 1996 Ping-Tung earthquake, we obtained the possible scaling relationship of these events. These experimental relationships will, then, be helpful in providing information on hazard assessments in Taiwan. The stress drops of most of the events are about 10 to 100 bars except for the earthquakes near the plate boundary and coastal plain earthquake. The experimental relations between seismic moment and local magnitude is
    Table of Content 目錄
    頁碼
    摘要…………………………………………………………………….....i
    致謝………………………………………………………………………ii
    目錄……………………………………………..……………………….iii
    圖目……………………………………………..………………………..v
    表目……………………………………………..…………………….…ix
    第一章 緒論……………………………………………………………..1
    1.1 研究動機與目的………………………………………………..1
    1.2 文獻回顧………………………………………………………..4
    1.3 本文內容………………………………………………………..8
    第二章 研究方法………………………………………………………..9
    2.1 原理…………………………………………………………….9
    2.2 逆推方法……………………………………………………...13
    第三章 資料收集及斷層參數之決定…………………………………18
    3.1 台灣強地動觀測網…………………………………………...18
    3.2 地震與記錄的選取…………………………………………...18
    3.3 震源機制……………………………………………………...24
    3.4 相關震源參數的假設………………………………………...24
    第四章 逆推結果與討論……………………………………………....28
    4.1 大埔地震……………………………………………..……….28
    4.2 94年4月6日地震…………………………………………….32
    4.3 南澳地震………………………………………………...…....40
    4.4 95年7月14日地震………………………………………….46
    4.5 95年10月31地震……………………………………………..52
    4.6 瑞里地震……………………………………………..……….56
    4.7 集集地震…………………………………………….………..63
    4.8 嘉義地震…………………………………………….………..84
    4.9 99年10月22日地震…………………………………………91
    第五章 討論與結論…………………………………………….……...98
    參考文獻…………………………………………….………………...113
    英文摘要………………………………………………………………119
    Reference Aki, K. and P. G. Richards, 1980. Quantitative Seismology : Theory and Method, W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco, Calif.
    Aki, K. and P. G. Richards, 1980. Quantitative Seismology : Theory and Method, W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco, Calif.
    Aki, K. and P. G. Richards, 1980. Quantitative Seismology : Theory and Method, W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco, Calif.
    Beroza, G. C. and P. Spudich, 1988. Linearized inversion for the fault behavior, Application to the 1984 Morgan Hill, California, earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 93, 6275-6296.
    Bouchon, M., 1981. A simple method to calculate Green’s functions for elastic layered media, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 71, 959-971.
    Brune, J. N., 1970. Tectonic stress and the spectra of seismic shear waves from earthquake, J. Geophys. Res., 75, 4997-5009.
    Brune, J. N., 1971. Correction, J. Geophys. Res., 76, 5002.
    Brune, J. N., 1971. Correction, J. Geophys. Res., 76, 5002.
    Brune, J. N., 1971. Correction, J. Geophys. Res., 76, 5002.
    Hartzell S. H. and T. H. Heaton, 1986. Rupture history of the 1984 Morgan Hill, California, earthquake from the inversion of strong motion records, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 76, 649-674.
    Herrmann, R. B., 1878.A note on causality problem in the numerical solution of elastic wave propagation in cylindrical coordinate systems, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 68, 117-124.
    Herrmann, R. B., 1979. SH-wave generation by dislocation source-A Numerical study, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 69, 1-15.
    Kanamori, H. and D. L. Anderson, 1975. Theoretical basis of some empirical relations in seismology, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 65,1073-1095.
    Kanamori, H. and D. L. Anderson, 1975. Theoretical basis of some empirical relations in seismology, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 65,1073-1095.
    Knopoff, L., 1958. Energy release in earthquakes, Geophys. J., 1, 44-52.
    Lay, T. and T. Wallace, 1995. Modern Global Seismology, Academic Press.
    Lawson, C. L. and D. V. Hanson, 1974. Solving least squares problems, Prentice-Hall, Engleqood Cliffs, New Jersey.
    Liu, K. S., T. C. Shin and Y. B. Tsai, 1999. A free field strong motion network in Taiwan : TSMN, TAO, 10, 2, 377-396
    Ma, K. F. and H. Kanamori, 1991. Aftershock sequence of the 3 December 1988 Pasadena earthquake, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 81, 2310-2319.
    Ma, K. F. and H. Kanamori, 1994. Broadband waveform observation of the 28 June 1991 Sierra Madre Earthquake sequence(ML = 5.8), Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 84, 6, 1725-1738.
    Ma, K. F., J. H. Hang and D. Zhao, 1996. Three-Dimensional seismic velocity structure of the crust and uppermost mantle beneath Taiwan, J. Phys. Earth, 44, 85-105.
    Ma, K. F. and J. Mori, 1998. Rupture process of the June 25, I-Lan earthquake, Symposium on Taiwan Strong Motion Instrumentation Program(III), 141-143
    Ma, K. F. and J. Mori, 1998. Rupture process of the June 25, I-Lan earthquake, Symposium on Taiwan Strong Motion Instrumentation Program(III), 141-143
    Mendoaz, C. and S. H. Hartzell, 1988. Aftershock patterns and mainshock faulting, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 78, 1438-1449.
    Mori, J. and S. Hartzell, 1990. Source inversion of the 1988 Upland, California, earthquake : determination of a fault plane for a small event, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 80, 507-518.
    Olson, A. H. and R. Apsel, 1982. Finite faults. and inversion theory withapplications to the 1979 Imperial Valley Earthquake, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 72, 1969-2001.
    Olson, A. H., J. Orcutt and G. Frazier, 1984. The discrete wavenumber/finite element method for synthetic seismograms, Geophys. J. R. Astron. Soc., 77, 421-460.
    Olson, A. H., J. Orcutt and G. Frazier, 1984. The discrete wavenumber/finite element method for synthetic seismograms, Geophys. J. R. Astron. Soc., 77, 421-460.
    Reasenberg, P. and D. Oppenheimer, 1988. FPFIT, FPPLOT and FPPAGE : Fortran computer programs for calculating and displaying earthquake fault-plane solutions. U.S. Geologival Survey.
    Romanowicz, B., 1992. Strike-slip earthquake on quasi-vertical transcurrent fault: inferences for general scaling relations, Geophys. Res. Lett., 19, 481-484.
    Scholz, C. H., C. Aviles and S. Wesnousky, 1986. Scaling differences between large intraplate and interplate earthquakes, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 76, 65-70.
    Scholz, C. H., C. Aviles and S. Wesnousky, 1986. Scaling differences between large intraplate and interplate earthquakes, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 76, 65-70.
    Shin, T. C., 1995. Application of waveform modeling to determine focal mechanisms of the 1993 Tapu earthquake and its aftershocks, TAO, 6, 2, 167-170.
    Takeo, M., 1987. An inversion method to analyze the rupture process of earthquake using near-field seismograms, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 77, 490-513.
    Tsai, C. C., 1997. Relationships of seismic source scaling in the Taiwan Region, TAO, 8, 49-68.
    Wang, C. Y. and R. B. Herrmann, 1980. A numerical study of P-, SV- and SH-wave generation in a plane layered medium, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am., 70, 1015-1036.
    Wang, J. H. and S. S. Ou, 1998. On scaling of earthquake faults, Bull Seis. Soc. Am., 88, 3, 758-766.
    Wang, J. H., Liu, C. C. and Y. B. Tsai.,(1989). Local magnitude determined from a simulated Wood-Anderson seismograph, Tectonophysics, 166, 15-26.
    Wang, J. H., Liu, C. C. and Y. B. Tsai.,(1989). Local magnitude determined from a simulated Wood-Anderson seismograph, Tectonophysics, 166, 15-26.
    Wald, D. J. and T. H. Heaton, 1994. Spatial and temporal distribution of slip for the 1992 Landers California, earthquake, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am. 84, 668-691.
    Wald, D. J. and T. H. Heaton, 1994. Spatial and temporal distribution of slip for the 1992 Landers California, earthquake, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am. 84, 668-691.
    Wald, D. J. and T. H. Heaton, 1994. Spatial and temporal distribution of slip for the 1992 Landers California, earthquake, Bull. Seis. Soc. Am. 84, 668-691.
    江嘉豪(1994)台灣地區地震震源尺度模式之探討,國立中央大學地球物理研究所碩士論文。

    何美儀(1994)台灣西部地區三維速度構造,國立中央大學地球物理研究所碩士論文。

    何春蓀(1986)台灣地質概論。台灣地質圖說明書,經濟部中央地質調查所,台北,164頁。
    何春蓀(1986)台灣地質概論。台灣地質圖說明書,經濟部中央地質調查所,台北,164頁。
    吳偉民(1994)1993年12月16日嘉義大埔地震序列之探討,國立中央大學地球物理研究所碩士論文。
    吳典諺(1999)1996年9月5日蘭嶼地震震源破裂過程,國立中央大學地球物理研究所碩士論文。
    辛在勤(1993)台南佳里震區的研究,國科會專題研究計畫成果報告第NSC 82-0202-M052-002號。
    辛在勤(1996)1994年南澳地震序列的探討,國科會專題研究計畫成果報告NSC85-2111-M052-011號。
    李憲忠(2000)921集集地震破裂過程-遠震波形逆推結果,中國地質學會八十九年學術研討會論文集,第135-137頁。
    周念平(1990) 1978年7月23日蘭嶼地震震源破裂過程之逆推,國立中央大學地球物理研究所碩士論文。
    洪明志(1998)利用強震網資料探討1996年7月6日屏東地震之震源特性,國立中央大學地球物理研究所碩士論文。

    張建興、辛在勤、王乾盈(1998)1998年嘉義瑞里地震-一長逆衝構造上的片段錯動。第七屆台灣地區地球物理研討會論文集,第1-12頁。
    張建興、吳逸民、辛在勤、王乾盈、蕭乃祺(1999)集集大地震初始破裂之探討。集集大地震特輯,第1-6頁。
    鍾仁光、辛在勤(1999)集集大地震在震源區造成之永久位移。集集大地震特輯,第45-50頁。
    Advisor
  • Kuo-Fong Ma(馬國鳳)
  • Files
  • 87224018.pdf
  • approve immediately
    Date of Submission 2000-07-14

    [Back to Results | New Search]


    Browse | Search All Available ETDs

    If you have dissertation-related questions, please contact with the NCU library extension service section.
    Our service phone is (03)422-7151 Ext. 57407,E-mail is also welcomed.