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Student Number 87126008
Author Shu-hsuan Kuo(郭書瑄)
Author's Email Address No Public.
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Department Graduate Institute of Art Studies
Year 2001
Semester 1
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title Grotesque Realism
Marc Chagall's Illustrations for Dead Souls
Date of Defense 2003-01-08
Page Count 99
Keyword
  • Chagall
  • Dead Souls
  • Gogol
  • Abstract Abstract
    The subject matter in this thesis is focused on Marc Chagall’s 96 illustrations for Dead Souls, an epic novel by Nikolai Gogol, produced between 1923-27; and to explore all of these illustrations Mikhail Bakhtin’s theory of “grotesque realism” asserted in his carnival aesthetics is largely adopted.
    Among the numerous artworks of Chagall the French painter, this series of illustration is usually glimpsed as one of the trilogy made in his French years, neither has it been regarded as the representative work of the artist noted for his abundant uses of color and imagination. Nevertheless through the parallelism between text and illustration suggested in this thesis, the researcher is going to discover that these etchings not only re-demonstrate the creative style of the painter himself, but indicate the concealed dimensions of the novel from specific point of interpretation. In each seemingly rough and grotesque caricature, Russian literary theorist M. Bakhtin’s viewpoint of dialogical principle and carnivalism is proved to explain the artist’s ways of interpretation appropriately.
    In the process of examining iconographs with literary theory, the researcher has chosen the same attitude with the artist himself so as to consider the position of text and illustration as equally independent; the novel and the etchings are taken as two individual texts and thus the dialogues between texts begins. Therefore this thesis is developed as three-chaptered discussion: first, the respective backgrounds of the novel and the illustration; second, the pictorial style of the artist himself in order to point out the specific pictorial techniques in Dead Souls; and last, the inter-dialogue and inner interpretation between word and image, through which the illustrated book had achieved the aesthetics of grotesque realism. All those characteristics of carnival shown in this illustrated book, such as polyphony, degradation, topsy-turvy and the material bodily principal, are demonstrated in four sections of chapter three.
    The aim of this thesis is to re-consider Chagall’s illustrations for Dead Souls from a new perspective and meanwhile contribute a different application of Bakhtin’s literary theory to the realm of pictorial images. Thus the dialogue between reader and work stems beneath the grotesque form of a joyous carnival, and a multiple interpretation of the polyphonic style of this illustrated book rouses against the similar social background of the author, the illustrator and the theorist.
    Table of Content 目錄
    提要
    Abstract
    誌謝
    圖版資料
    表格目錄
    緒論 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥01
    一 論文研究方法 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥02
    二 論文架構 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥05
    三 文獻概述 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥07
    第一章 創作背景 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥09
    第一節  插畫源起 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥09
    一 創作背景與出版起源 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥09
    二 當代插畫與畫壇運動 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥12
    第二節  文本簡介 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥17
    一 文本選擇 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥17
    二 文本簡介與評論 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥19
    第二章 圖示風格 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥24
    第一節  脈絡與技法 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥24
    一 插畫創作 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥24
    二 油畫關聯 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥28
    三 媒材技法 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥32
    第二節 眾聲喧嘩俄羅斯 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥37
    第三節  劇場空間 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥47
    一 選景 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥47
    二 取角 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥49
    三 構圖 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥52
    第三章 作品解讀 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥58
    第一節  圖文關聯與對話原則 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥58
    第二節  多重敘述與聯想並置 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥68
    第三節  變形與隱喻 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥74
    一 變形 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥75
    二 隱喻 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥78
    第四節  歡宴與愛慾 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥82
    一 歡宴 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥82
    二 愛慾 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥86
    結論 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥93
    一 題旨 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥93
    二 複音與對話 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥94
    三 狂歡節慶 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥94
    夏卡爾生平年表 ‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥‥97
    Reference 參考書目
    A. 文本
    1.Chagall, Bella, Burning Lights, Biblio Press, 1996
    2.Chagall, Bella, Lumières Allumées, trans. Ida Chagall, illus. Marc Chagall, Gallimard, 1973
    3.Chagall, Marc, Ma Vie, Stock, 1995
    4.Gogol, Nikolai Vasilevich, Dead Souls, Eng. trans. Andrew R. MacAndrew, New American Library, 1961
    5.Gogol, Nikolai Vasilevich, Gogol Plays And Selected Writings, Northwestern University Press, 1994
    6.果戈里著,滿濤譯,《死魂靈》,光復書局,1998
    7.果戈里著,滿濤譯,《果戈里小說選》,光復書局,1998
    8.夏戈爾著,黃翰荻譯,《夏戈爾自傳》,遠景,1985
    9.蓓拉•夏卡爾著,馬克•夏卡爾圖,董佩蘭譯,《邂逅》,小知堂文化,1996
    B. 參考資料
    1.Baal-Teshuva, Jacob, Marc Chagall: Tapestries•Tapisserien•Tapisseries, Taschen
    2.Bakhtin, Mikhail, Rabelais and His World, Trans. Hélène Iswolsky, Indiana University Press, 1984
    3.Bakhtin, Mikhail, Problems of Dostoevsky’s Poetics, Manchester University Press, 1984
    4.Chagall, Marc, Œuvres sur Papier, Centre Georges Pompidou, 1984
    5.Chagall, Marc, Marc Chagall: Druckgraphik, Hatje, 1994
    6.Chagall, Marc, Marc Chagall: L’Œuvre Gravé, Musée National Message Biblique Marc Chagall
    7.Chagall, Marc, 25 livres illustrés, Cat. Genève, Galerie Patrick Cramer, 1982
    8.Chagall, Marc, Marc Chagall: 1887-1985, Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 2000
    9.Chagall, Marc, Le Ballet, L’Opéra, Réunion des Musées Nationaux, 1995
    10.Clark, Katerina / Holquist, Michael, Mikhail Bakhtin, Harvard College, 1984
    11.Ed. Compton, Susan, Chagall: Love and the Stage 1914-22, Merrell Holberton, 1998
    12.Compton, Susan, Marc Chagall: My Life- My Dream: Berlin and Paris, 1922-1940, Prestel, 1990
    13.Cramer, Patrick, Marc Chagall: Catalogue Raisonné des Livres Illustrés, Genève, 1995
    14.Ed. Gauss, Ulrike, Marc Chagall: The Lithographs, Hatje, 1999
    15.Ed. Ferrier, Jean-Louis, Art of the 20th Century, A Year-by-Year Chronicle of Painting, Architecture, and Sculpture, Eng. trans. Walter D. Glanze and Lisa Davidson, Éditions du Chêne, 1999
    16.Fondation Pierre Gianadda, Martigny, Marc Chagall, L’Exposition Christina Burrus, 1991
    17.Griffiths, Frederick T. / Rabinowitz, Stanley J., Novel Epics: Gogol, Dostoevsky, and National Narrative, Northwestern University Press, 1990
    18.Haftmann, Werner, Marc Chagall, Thames and Hudson, 1985
    19.Harpham, Geoffrey Galt, On the Grotesque: Strategies of Contradiction in Art and Literature, Princeton Univ. Press, 1982
    20.Kamenskii, Aleksandr, Chagall: the Russian Years, 1907-1922, Thames and Hudson, 1989
    21.Keller, Horst, Marc Chagall: Life and Works, Barron’s Educational Series, 1980
    22.Maguire, Robert A., Exploring Gogol, Stanford University Press, 1994
    23.Mitchell, W. F. T., Blake’s Composite Art: A Study of the Illuminated Poetry, Princeton University Press, 1978
    24.Passeron, Roger, Chagall: Meister der Graphik, Fribourg, Suisse, 1984
    25.Peace, Richard, The Enigma of Gogol: An Examination of the Writing of N. V. Gogol and their Place in the Russian Literary Tradition, Cambridge University Press, 1981
    26.Rowe, William Woodin, Through Gogol’s Looking Glass: Reverse Vision, False Focus, and Precarious Logic, New York University Press, 1976
    27.Ed. Selden, Raman, The Theory of Criticism: From Plato to the Present, Longman, 1988
    28.Simmons, Ernest J., Introduction to Russian Realism: Gogol, Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, Chekhov, Sholokhov, Indiana University Press
    29.Sorlier, Charles, Marc Chagall: Le Livre des Livres, ed. André Sauret / Michèle Trinckvel, 1900
    30.Todorov, Tzvetan, Mikhail Bakhtin: The Dialogical Principle, Eng. trans. Wlad Godzich, University of Minnesota, 1984
    31.Venturi, Lionello, Chagall: Biographical and Critical Study, Skira, 1956
    32.Walther, I. F. / Metzger, R., Chagall: Painting as Poetry, Taschen, 1993
    33.West, Shearer, Chagall, Gallery Books, 1990
    34.李延祥編著,《版畫》,三民書局,2000
    35.何政廣主編,《夏卡爾:鄉愁與愛的畫家》,藝術家,1996
    36.廖修平,《版畫藝術》,雄獅美術,1993
    37.劉康著,《對話的喧聲:巴赫汀文化理論述評》,麥田人文,1995
    Advisor
  • Wu Fang-Cheng(吳方正)
  • Files
  • 87126008.pdf
  • approve immediately
    Date of Submission 2003-01-20

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