Title page for 86443008


[Back to Results | New Search]

Student Number 86443008
Author Po-Chang Ko(¬_³Õ©÷)
Author's Email Address No Public.
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 1818 times. Download 812 times.
Department Information Management
Year 2000
Semester 2
Degree Ph.D.
Type of Document Doctoral Dissertation
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title Design and Analysis of Next-Generation Broadband Switching Router Systems Architecture in Future High-Speed Multimedia-Oriented Internet
Date of Defense 2001-04-11
Page Count 151
Keyword
  • Broadband Switching Router
  • RSVP
  • SSMA
  • Abstract Currently, the Internet is widely used and growing rapidly. The number of its hosts has doubled approximately every 56 weeks since 1989; the number of its WWW servers has doubled every 23 weeks for the last three years. Especially, the traffic on Internet is much busier than before. Measurement indicates that the average packet size is 2000 bytes, approximately. Most of the traffics are from multimedia application services, such as audio, video and etc. Because the bottleneck of overall Internet performance is the router, it¡¦s very important to study and design the so-called next-generation broadband switching router.
    MPEG is the international standard of image, video and audio. Its evolution is from MPEG-1 to MPEG-4. The object-oriented concept is a critical characteristic of MPEG-4, which can benefit software operating environment, object-oriented programming language and real-time multimedia applications. In order to obtain better or acceptable QoS of multimedia services in the future multimedia-oriented Internet, it might be the best approach at this moment to use RSVP in the router. The advantage of this approach is that no routing action is needed for every packet after the virtual path and virtual channel are established. Due to bandwidth control, the QoS of multimedia services can be better. However, because some resources of the router are reserved, it might have some resources not fully utilized. If MPEG-4 is used, the situation can be improved. Because the end systems of multimedia services might be different from one another, the guaranteed bandwidth for transmitting necessary information volume are different. This study will design a new Dynamic RSVP (DRSVP) protocol for achiving better QoS by using MPEG-4.
    In addition, due to the importance of wireless communications networks and mobile computing systems, many portable devices, such as notebook, PDA, mobile phone and etc., are widely used. Because the available bandwidth grows rapidly in the wireless communication network, multimedia application services play indispensable roles in the future Internet. Simultaneously, RSVP runs short of ways in dealing with the support in the wireless communication network.
    The Label Switching Technology attracts many attentions in the conventional wired network, currently. So, it¡¦s important that every solution proposed in this study is suitable to this architecture.
    As described above, this study describes the next-generation broadband switching systems router architecture from five categories: MAC protocol, wireless communication support, multimedia format, guaranteed QoS and improving routing strategy. At first, this study proposes a collision-free MAC protocol to improve the routing efficiency in the wireless communication network. Then, using the characteristics of flow and MPEG, this study proposes several more efficient and rapider routing strategies. Third, this study designs and develops an all-new resource reservation protocol ¡X Dynamic RSVP (DRSVP) to achieve the following goals. 1. Provide different necessary resolutions for different end systems. 2. Efficient control the traffics on Internet to fully utilize the reserved resources and bandwidth. 3. The reserved resources can be dynamically adjusted when congestion occurs. Especially, DRSVP emphasizes the support for the wireless communication network and the Label Switching technology in the wired network.
    Finally, the current routing methods are classified into the connection-oriented switch and connectionless router. The former is suitable for the great quantity transmission of traffics, such as multimedia. And, the latter is suitable for the small-scale traffics, such as ICMP. Combining the advantages of the above two methods, this study proposes modularized router architecture to plot the next-generation broadband switching router systems architecture in future Internet.
    Table of Content COVER
    ACKNOWLEDGMENT
    CHINESE ABSTRACT
    ABSTRACT
    CONTENTS
    CHAPTER1.INTRODUCTION
    1.1 MULTIMEDIA FORMAT-MPEG
    1.2 QoS-RSVP
    1.3 WIRELESS AND CELLULAR COMMUNICATION NETWORK
    1.4 QoS AND CELLULAR COMMUNICATION NETWORK
    1.5 IP LABEL SWITCHING TECHNOLOGY
    1.6 ROUTING STRATEGIES
    CHAPTER2.LITERATURE REVIEW
    2.1 MULTIMEDIA TRANSMISSION STRATEGIES
    2.2 GUARANTEED QoS
    2.3 WIRELESS COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
    2.4 CELLULAR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
    2.5 IP LABEL SWITCHING TECHNOLOGY
    2.6 REROUTING SOLUTION
    2.7 ANALYSIS METHOD
    CHAPTER3.NEXT-GENERATION BROADBAND SWITCHING ROUTER SYSTEMS ARCHITECTURE
    3.1 EFFICIENT MAC PROTOCOL
    3.2 EFFICIENT ROUTING STRATEGY
    3.3 MULTIMEDIA AND GUARANTEED QoS SUPPORT
    3.4 WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SUPPORT
    3.5 MODUALE-BASED ARCHITECTURE
    CHAPTER4.A COLLISION-FREE MAC PROTOCOL IN WIRELESS LAN
    4.1 MULTIPLE ACCESS ARCHITECTURE
    4.2 MULTIPLE ACCESS PROTOCOL
    4.3 PERFORMANCE EVALUATIONS
    CHAPTER5.USING THE CHARACTERISTICS OF PACKETS TO ACHIEVE BETTER PERFORMANCE
    5.1 FLOW-ORIENTED SWITCHING ROUTER ARCHITECTURE
    5.2 SCHEDULING STRATEGIES-SFROCF,SFRF,AND LFRF
    5.3 SIMULATION RESULTS
    CHAPTER6.USING THE CHARACTERISTICS OF MPEG-2 TO ACHIEVE BETTER PERFORMANCE
    6.1 MPEG-2 VIDEO CODING
    6.2 ATM SWITCHING ROUTER ARCHITECTURE
    6.3 A NEW SCHEDULING STRATEGY
    6.4 PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS
    CHAPTER7. DYNAMIC RSVP PROTOCOL
    7.1DYNAMIC RESERVATION MODEL
    7.2 DYNAMIC RSVP PROTOCOL MECHANISMS
    7.3 AN EXAMPLE OF DRSVP RESERVATION PROTOCOL
    CHAPTER8.DRSVP SUPPORT IN WIRELESS ENVIRONMENT
    8.1DYNAMIC RSVP LOCATION MANAGEMENT PROTOCOL
    8.2AN EXAMPLE OF DRSVP IN MOBILE HOST
    8.3 PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS
    CHAPTER9.DRSVP SUPPORT IN MPLS ARCHITECTURE AND WIRELESS ENVIRONMENT
    9.1 AHLSR ARCHITECTURE
    9.2 AHLSR PROTOCOL
    9.3 PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS
    CHAPTER10.A PROBABILISTIC RESOURCE ESTIMATION AND SEMI-RESERVATION SCHEME IN CELLULAR NETWORK
    10.1 RESOURCE ESTIMATION AND RESERVATION MODEL
    10.2 RESOURCE ESTIMATION AND RESERVATION SCHEME
    10.3 PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS
    CHAPTER11.MODULARISED BROADBAND SWITCHING ROUTER ARCHITECTURE
    11.1BROADBAND SWITCHING ROUTER SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE
    11.2 QUEUE LENGTH AND WAITING TIME ANALYSIS
    11.3 SATURATION ANALYSIS
    CHAPTER12.CONCLUSIONS AND FUTURE RESEARCH
    12.1 BETTER MAC PROTOCOL
    12.2 ENHANCED ROUTING STRATEGY
    12.3 GUARANTEED QOS
    12.4 GUARANTEED QOS,WIRELESS NETWORK AND MULTIMEDIA
    12.5 GUARANTEED QOS,MULTIMEDIA AND CELLULAR COMMUNICATION NETWORK
    12.6 MODULARISED ROUTER ARCHITECTURE
    12.7 FUTURE RESEARCH
    REFERENCES
    Reference [1]Acharya A., Li J. and Raychaudhuri D., ¡§Mobile ATM: Architecture, Protocols and Implementation,¡¨ Proc. of IEEE BSS¡¦97, Taipei, Taiwan, pp. 115-119, Dec. 2-4, 1997.
    [2]Acharya A., Li J. Rajagopalan B. and Raychaudhuri D., ¡§Mobility Management in Wireless ATM Networks,¡¨ IEEE Commun. Mag., pp. 100-109, Nov., 1997.
    [3]Acharya A., Li J., Ansari F. and Raychaudhuri D., ¡§Mobility Support for IP over Wireless ATM,¡¨ IEEE Commun. Mag., pp. 84-88, Apr., 1998.
    [4]Agrawal S., ¡§IP Switching,¡¨ http://www.cis.ohio-state.edu/~jain/cis788-97/ip_switching, 1997.
    [5]Anderson T. E., Owicki S. S., Saxe J. B. and Thacker C. P., ¡§High-Speed Switch Scheduling for Local-Area Networks,¡¨ ACM Trans. on Computer Systems, 11, no. 4, pp. 319-52, 1993.
    [6]Awduche D. et al., ¡§Extensions to RSVP for Traffic Engineering,¡¨ Internet Draft, draft-swallow-mpls-rsvp-trafeng-00.txt, Aug. 1998.
    [7]Bar-Noy A. and Kessler I., ¡§Tracking Mobile Users in Wireless Communications Networks,¡¨ Proc. of IEEE INFOCOMM¡¦93, San Francisco, CA, pp. 1232-1239, Mar. 1993.
    [8]Bharghavan V., Demers A., Shenker S. and Zhang L., ¡§MACAW: A Media Access Protocol for Wireless LAN¡¦s,¡¨ ACM SIGCOMM ¡¦94, pp. 212-225, Aug. 1994.
    [9]Bottomley G. E., ¡§Signature Sequence Selection in a CDMA System with Orthogonal Coding,¡¨ IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 62-68, Feb. 1993.
    [10]Braden R. et al., ¡§Resource ReSerVation Protocol (RSVP) ¡X Version 1 Functional Specification,¡¨ RFC 2205, Sep. 1997.
    [11]Braden R., Clark D. and Shenker S., ¡§Integrated Services in the Internet Architecture: an Overview,¡¨ RFC 1633, ISI, MIT, and PARC Jun. 1994.
    [12]Butto M., Cavallero E. and Tonietti A., ¡§Effectiveness of the ¡¥Leaky Bucket¡¦ Policing Mechanism in ATM Networks,¡¨ IEEE JSAC, Vol. 9, Apr. 1991, pp. 335-42.
    [13]Chhaya H. S. and Gupta S., ¡§Performance of Asynchronous Data Transfer Methods of IEEE 802.11 MAC Protocol,¡¨ IEEE Person. Commun., pp. 8-15, Oct. 1996.
    [14]Chiariglione L., ¡§MPEG and Multimedia Communications,¡¨ IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems for Video Tech., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 5-18, Feb. 1997.
    [15]Davie B., Doolan P. and Rekhter Y., ¡§Switching in IP Networks: IP Switching, Tag Switching, and Related Technologies,¡¨ Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, Inc., 1998.
    [16]Du Y., Herrmann C., May P., Hulyalkar S. N. and Evans D., ¡§Wireless ATM LAN with and without Infrastructure,¡¨ Proc. of IEEE BSS¡¦97, Taipei, Taiwan, pp. 120-128, Dec. 2-4, 1997.
    [17]Du Y., Herrmann C., May P., Hulyalkar S. N. and Evans D., ¡§Wireless ATM LAN with and without Infrastructure,¡¨ Proc. of IEEE BSS¡¦97, Taipei, Taiwan, pp. 120-128, Dec. 2-4, 1997.
    [18]Ebersman H. G. and Tonguz O. K., ¡§Handoff Ordering Using Signal Prediction Priority Queuing in Personal Communication Systems,¡¨ IEEE Trans. on Vehicular Technology, vol. 48, no.1, pp. 20-35, Jan. 1999.
    [19]Enge P. K. and Sarwate D. V., ¡§Spread-Spectrum Multiple-Access Performance of Orthogonal Codes: Linear Receivers,¡¨ IEEE Trans. on Commun., vol. COM-35, Dec. 1987.
    [20]Fakciner D., ¡§A System Architecture for Broadband Millimeter-Wave Access to an ATM LAN,¡¨ IEEE Personal Commun., pp. 36-41, Aug. 1996.
    [21]Fankhauser G. et al., ¡§RSVP Support for Mobile IP Version 6 in Wireless Environments,¡¨ Internet Draft, draft-fhns-rsvp-support-in-mipv6-00.txt, Nov. 1998.
    [22]Gall D. L., ¡§MPEG: A Video Compression Standard for Multimedia Applications,¡¨ Commun. ACM, vol. 34, no. 4, Apr. 1991, pp 45-58.
    [23]Geiger R. L., Solomon J. D. and Crisler K. J., ¡§Wireless Network Extension Using Mobile IP,¡¨ IEEE Micro, vol. 17.6, pp.63-68, Nov.-Dec., 1997.
    [24]Giovanardi A. and Mazzini G., ¡§Transparent Mobile IP: An Approach and Implementation,¡¨ Proc. of IEEE GLOBECOM¡¦97, vol. 3, pp. 1861-1865, 1997.
    [25]Golestani S. J., ¡§Congestion-free Communication in High-Speed Packet Networks,¡¨ IEEE Trans. on Commun., Dec. 1991, pp. 1802-12.
    [26]Gopalakrishnan R. and Parulkar G. M., ¡§Efficient User-Space Protocol Implementations with QoS Guarantees Using Real-Time Upcalls,¡¨ IEEE/ACM Trans. on Networking, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 374-388, Aug. 1998.
    [27]Gray M., MIT, http://www.mit.edu/people/mkgray.
    [28]Grossglauser M., Kershav S. and Tse D., ¡§RCBR: A Simaple and Efficient Service for Multiple Time-scaleTraffic,¡¨ Proc. ACM SIGCOMM ¡¦95, Cambridge, MA, Sept. 1995.
    [29]Gupta A. K. and Georganas N. D., ¡§Analysis of a Packet Switch with Input and Output Buffers and Speed Constraints,¡¨ Proc. of IEEE INFOCOM¡¦91, Bal Harbour, FL, pp. 694-700, Apr. 1991.
    [30]HaĆ A. and Liu B., ¡§Database and Location Management Schemes for Mobile Communications,¡¨ IEEE/ACM Trans. on Networking, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 851-865, Dec. 1998.
    [31]Hluchyj M. G. and Karol M. J., ¡§Queueing in High-Performance Packet Switching,¡¨ IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 1587-1597, Dec. 1988.
    [32]Huang A. and Knauer S., ¡§Starlite: A Wideband Digital Switch,¡¨ Proc. of IEEE GLOBECOM ¡¦84, Atlanta, GA, pp. 121-125, Nov. 1984.
    [33]Hui J. and Arthurs E., ¡§A Broadband Packet Switch for Integrated Transport,¡¨ IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., vol. SAC-5, no.8, pp. 1264-1273, Oct. 1987.
    [34]IEEE Standards Dept., Draft Std. IEEE 802.11, ¡§Wireless LANs (P802.11D3),¡¨ 1996.
    [35]Jain R., ¡§Congestion Control in Computer Networks: Issues and Trends,¡¨ IEEE Network, pp. 24-30, May 1990.
    [36]Jain R., Rajagopalan S., Chang L. F. and Varma V., ¡§Wireless Interwotking Architectures to Support Mobile IP over ATM,¡¨ Proc. of IEEE GLOBECOM¡¦97, vol. 3, pp. 1866-1870, 1997.
    [37]Jung H., Mishra S. and Tonguz O. K., ¡§Efficient Location Management in PCS,¡¨ IEEE Symposium on Personal, Indoor and Mobile Radio Commun. (PIMRC¡¦95), New York, USA, vol. 1, pp. 284-288, Sep. 1995.
    [38]Karol M. J., Eng K. Y. and Obara H., ¡§Improving the Performance of Input-Queued ATM Packet Switches,¡¨ Proc. of IEEE INFOCOM¡¦92, pp. 110-115, 1992.
    [39]Karol M. J., Hluchyj M. G. and Morgan S. P., ¡§Input versus Output Queueing on a Space-Division Packet Switch,¡¨ IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. COM-35, no. 12, pp. 1347-1356, Dec. 1987.
    [40]Koenen R., ¡§Overview of the MPEG-4 Standard,¡¨ Mar. 1999 Seoul, South Korea.
    [41]Kuo G. S. and Cheng H. C., ¡§Analysis on IP Label Switching Technology in Future Broadband Internet,¡¨ submitted for publication.
    [42]Kuo G. S. and Cheng H. C., ¡§Analysis on IP Label Switching Technology in Future Broadband Internet ¡X (II),¡¨ submitted for publication.
    [43]Kuo G. S. and Cheng H. C., ¡§Improvement on IP Label Switching Technology in Future Broadband Internet,¡¨ Proc. IEEE BSS¡¦99, Jun. 1999.
    [44]Kuo G. S. and Ko P. C., ¡§Achieving 90% Throughput in A Flow-Oriented Input-Queued Switching Router System,¡¨ Proc. 8th IFIP High Perf. Networking, Vienna, Austria, Sept. 21-25, 1998.
    [45]Kuo G. S. and Ko P. C., ¡§Achieving Minimum Slice Loss for Real-Time MPEG-2-Based Video Networking in a Flow-Oriented Input-Queued ATM Switching Router System,¡¨ IEEE Commun. Mag., pp. 58-62, Jan. 1999.
    [46]Kuo G. S. and Ko P. C., ¡§Dynamic RSVP Protocol,¡¨ Proc. of 2000 IEEE Workshop on IP-Oriented Operations and Management (IPOM 2000), in Cracow, Poland, on September 4-6, 2000.
    [47]Kuo G. S. and Ko P. C., ¡§Dynamic RSVP Support for Mobile IPv6 in Wireless Environment,¡¨ Proc. of 2000 IEEE Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC ¡¦2000), in Tokoya, Japan, on May 16-20, 2000.
    [48]Lam S. S. and Xie G. G., ¡§Burst Scheduling: Architecture and Algorithm for Switching Packet Video,¡¨ Proc. of IEEE INFOCOM¡¦95, Boston, MA, USA, Apr. 1995, pp. 8a.1.1-11.
    [49]Lee T. T., ¡§A Modular Architecture for Very Large Packet Switches,¡¨ IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. 38, no. 7, pp. 1097-1106, Jul. 1990.
    [50]Lehnert J. S. and Pursley M. B., ¡§Error Probabilities for Binary Direct-Sequence Spread-Spectrum Communications with Random Signature Sequences,¡¨ IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. COM-35, pp. 85-96, Jan. 1987.
    [51]Leu Y. and Cheng C. L., ¡§Implementation Considerations for Mobile IP,¡¨ Proc. of 21th COMPSAC¡¦97, pp. 478-481, 1997.
    [52]Levine D. A., Akyildiz I. F. and Naghshineh M., ¡§A Resource Estimation and Call Admission Algorithm for Wireless Multimedia Networks Using the Shadow Cluster Concept,¡¨ IEEE/ACM Trans. on Networking, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1-12, Feb. 1997.
    [53]Lottor M., ¡§Network Wizards,¡¨ http://www.nw.com.
    [54]Madhow U. and Pursley M. B., ¡§Acquisition in Direct-Sequence Spread-Spectrum Communication Networks: An Asymptotic Analysis,¡¨ IEEE Trans. Infom. Theory, vol. 39, pp. 903-912, May 1993.
    [55]Madhow U., Honig M. L. and Steiglitz K., ¡§Optimization of Wireless Resources for Personal Communications Mobility Tracking,¡¨ IEEE/ACM Trans. on Networking, vol. 3, no. 6, pp. 698-707, Dec. 1995.
    [56]Mascolo S., Cavendish D. and Gerla M., ¡§ATM Rate Based Congestion Control Using a Smith Predictor: an EPRCA Implementation,¡¨ Proc. of IEEE INFOCOM¡¦96, San Francisco CA, Mar. 1996, pp. 5b.2.1-5b.2.8.
    [57]McKeown N., Mekkittikul A., Anantharam V. and Walrand J., ¡§Achieving 100% Throughput in an Input-Queued Switch (extended version),¡¨ submitted to IEEE Trans. Commun.
    [58]McKeown N., Varaiya P. and Walrand J., ¡§Scheduling Cells in an Input-Queued Switch,¡¨ Electron. Lett., vol. 29, no. 25, pp. 2174-2175, Dec. 1993.
    [59]Mehaoua A. and Boutaba R., ¡§A Hybrid VBR/ABR Service for Scalable MPEG2 Video Networking: A Simulation-based Analysis,¡¨ Proc. IEEE BSS¡¦97, Taipei, Taiwan, pp. 88-95, Dec. 2-4, 1997.
    [60]Morrow R. K., Jr. and Lehnert J. S., ¡§Bit-to-Bit Dependence in DS/SSMA Packet Systems with Random Signature Sequences,¡¨ IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. COM-35, pp. 1052-1061, Oct. 1989.
    [61]Newman P., Lyon T. and Minshall G., ¡§Flow Labelled IP: A Connectionless Approach to ATM,¡¨ Proc. of IEEE INFOCOM¡¥96, San Francisco, CA, pp. 1251-1260, Mar. 1996.
    [62]Ohsaki H. et al., ¡§Performance Evaluation of Rate-based Congestion Control Algorithms in Multimedia ATM Networks,¡¨ Proc. of IEEE GLOBECOM¡¦95, Singapore, Nov. 1995, pp. 1243-48.
    [63]Oliveira C., Kim J. B. and Suda T., ¡§An Adaptive Bandwidth Reservation Scheme for High-Speed Multimedia Wireless Networks,¡¨ IEEE J. on Select Areas in Commun., vol.16, no.6, pp. 858-874, Aug. 1998.
    [64]Pahlavan K. and Chase M., ¡§Spread-Spectrum Multiple-Access Performance of Orthogonal Codes for Indoor Radio Communications,¡¨ IEEE Trans. on Commun., vol. COM-38, pp. 574-577, May 1990.
    [65]Pancha P. and Zarki M. E., ¡§A Look at the MPEG Video Coding Standard for Variable Bit Rate Video Transmission,¡¨ Proc. of IEEE INFOCOM¡¦92, May 1992, pp. IC.2.1-10.
    [66]Pancha P. and Zarki M. E., ¡§Prioritized Transmission of Variable Bit Rate MPEG Video,¡¨ Proc. of IEEE GLOBECOM¡¦92, Orlando, FL, pp. Dec 1992, 1135-39.
    [67]Parry R. R., ¡§Mobility and the Internet,¡¨ IEEE Potentials, vol. 172, pp. 8-10, Apr.-May, 1998.
    [68]Pattavina A. and Bruzzi G., ¡§Analysis of Input and Output Queueing for Nonblocking ATM Switches,¡¨ IEEE/ACM Trans. Networking, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 314-328, Jun. 1993.
    [69]Pattavina A., ¡§Design and Performance Evaluation of a Packet Switch for Broadband Central Offices,¡¨ Proc. of IEEE INFOCOM¡¦90, San Francisco, CA, pp. 1252-1259, Jun. 1990.
    [70]Perkin C. E., ¡§Mobility Networking through Mobile IP,¡¨ IEEE Internet Computing, vol. 21, pp. 58-69, Jan.-Feb., 1998.
    [71]Perkins C. E., ¡§Mobile IP,¡¨ IEEE Commun Mag., pp. 84-99, May, 1997.
    [72]Perkins C., editor. ¡§IP Mobility Support,¡¨ RFC 2002, Oct., 1996.
    [73]Peterson R. L., Zimer R. E. and Borth D. E., ¡§Introduction to Spread Spectrum Communications,¡¨ Asia: Prentice-Hall, International Edition, 1996.
    [74]Picholz R. L. et al., ¡§Theory of Spread Spectrum Communications- A Tutorial,¡¨ IEEE Trans. on Commun., vol. COM-30, pp. 855-884, May 1982.
    [75]Pickholtz R. L., Milstein L. B. and Schilling D. L., ¡§Spread Spectrum for Mobile Communications,¡¨ IEEE Trans. Vehicular Tech., vol. 40, pp. 313-322, May. 1991.
    [76]Rajagopalan S., Jain R. and Chang L. F., ¡§Mobile Internetworking Protocols for Wireless Networks with ATM Backbones,¡¨ Proc. of MILCOM¡¦97, vol. 2, pp. 660-664, 1997.
    [77]Ramanujan R. S. et al., ¡§Media Transport Service for Video Retrieval Applications on ATM Networks,¡¨ Proc. 20th Conf. Local Comp. Net. Minneapolis, MN, Oct. 1997, pp. 422-31.
    [78]Rose C., ¡§State-Based Paging/Registration: A Greedy Technique,¡¨ IEEE Trans. on Vehicular Technology, vol. 48, no.1, pp. 166-173, Jan. 1999.
    [79]Rosen E. et al., ¡§A Proposed Architecture for MPLS,¡¨ Internet Draft, draft-ietf-mpls-arch-00.txt, Aug. 1997.
    [80]Rowe H. E., ¡§Bounds on the Number of Signals with Restricted Cross Correlation,¡¨IEEE Trans. Commun.,¡¨ vol. COM-30, pp. 966-974, May 1982.
    [81]Shapiro J. M., ¡§Embedded Image Coding Using Zerotrees of Wavelet Cofficients,¡¨ IEEE Trans. on Signal Processing., vol. 41, no. 12, pp. 3445-3462, Dec. 1993.
    [82]Sikora T., ¡§The MPEG-4 Video Standard Verification Model,¡¨ IEEE Trans. on Circuits and Systems for Video Tech., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 19-31, Feb. 1997.
    [83]Sikora T., ¡§The Structure of the MPEG-4 Video Coding Algorithm,¡¨ http://wwwam.hhi.de/mpeg-video/papers/sikora/fmpeg4vm.htm
    [84]Tripathi N. D., Reed J. H. and VanLandingham H. F., ¡§Handoff in Cellular Systems,¡¨ IEEE Personal Commun., pp. 26-37, Dec. 1998.
    [85]Turner J., ¡§Design of a Broadcast Packet Switching Network,¡¨ IEEE Trans. Commun., vol. COM-36, no. 6, pp. 734-743, Jun. 1988.
    [86]Umehira M., Nakura M., Sato H. and Hashimoto A., ¡§ATM Wireless Access for Mobile Multimedia: Concept and Architecture,¡¨ IEEE Personal Commun., pp. 39-48, Aug. 1996.
    [87]Umehira M., Nakura M., Sato H. and Hashimoto A., ¡§ATM Wireless Access for Mobile Multimedia: Concept and Architecture,¡¨ IEEE Personal Commun., pp. 39-48, Aug. 1996.
    [88]Varshney U., ¡§Supporting Mobility with Wireless ATM,¡¨ Computer, vol. 30.1, pp. 131-133, Jan. 1997.
    [89]Viterbi A. J., ¡§Very Low Rate Convolutional Codes for Maximum Theoretical Performance of Spread-Spectrum Multiple-Access Channels, ¡§ IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., vol. 8, pp.641-649, May, 1990.
    [90]Walke B., Petras D. and Plassmann D., ¡§Wireless ATM: Air Interface and Network Protocols of the Mobile Broadband System,¡¨ IEEE Personal Commun., pp. 50-56, Aug. 1996.
    [91]Walke B., Petras D. and Plassmann D., ¡§Wireless ATM: Air Interface and Network Protocols of the Mobile Broadband System,¡¨ IEEE Personal Commun., pp. 50-56, Aug. 1996.
    [92]Wirth P. E., ¡§Teletraffic implications of database architectures in mobile and personal communications,¡¨ Computer Networks ISDN Syst., vol. 28, no.5, pt.0, pp. 613-618, 1996.
    [93]Wroclawski J., ¡§The Use of RSVP with IETF Itegrated Services,¡¨ RFC 2210, Sep. 1997.
    [94]Yeh Y. S., Hluchyj M. G. and Acampora A. S., ¡§The Knockout Switch: A Simple, Modular Architecture for High-Performance Packet Switching,¡¨ IEEE J. Select. Areas Commun., vol. SAC-5, no. 8, pp. 1274-1283, Oct. 1987.
    [95]Yokotani T., Ichihashi T. and Ishizaka M., ¡§Congestion Control of Multi-cast Connections in ATM Networks,¡¨ Proc. 20th Conf. Local Comp. Net., Minneapolis, MN, pp. 38-47, Oct. 1997.
    [96]Zhang C. G., Harfez H. M. and Falconer D. D., ¡§Traffic Handling Capability of a Broadband Indoor Wireless Network Using CDMA Multiple Access,¡¨ IEEE J. on Select Areas in Commun., vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 645-653, May, 1994.
    [97]Zhang L., Deering S., Estrin D., Shenker S. and Zappala D., ¡§RSVP: A New Resource ReSerVation Protocol,¡¨ IEEE Network, Sep. 1993.
    [98]Zhang Y. Q. et al., ¡§Variable Bit Rate Video Transmission in the Broadband ISDN Environment,¡§ Proc. IEEE, vol 79, no. 2, pp. 214-21, Feb. 1991.
    Advisor
  • none(³¢§ó¥Í)
  • Files
  • 86443008.pdf
  • approve immediately
    Date of Submission 2001-04-11

    [Back to Results | New Search]


    Browse | Search All Available ETDs

    If you have dissertation-related questions, please contact with the NCU library extension service section.
    Our service phone is (03)422-7151 Ext. 57407,E-mail is also welcomed.