Title page for 86322064


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Student Number 86322064
Author Wu Ming(吳明宇)
Author's Email Address No Public.
Statistics This thesis had been viewed 611 times. Download 10 times.
Department Civil Engineering
Year 1998
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title The Study on the Performance and Characteristics of Modified Open-Graded Friction Courses
Date of Defense
Page Count 158
Keyword
  • Mix Design
  • Modified
  • OGFC
  • Abstract Under the subtropical climate-high temperature, humid and rainy-in Taiwan , We had poor drainage system of highways when it rains. It is easy to find accumulated water on the surface and it results in a lot of water vapors which spray out when cars run by. Those spray of vapors make poor visibility that affects driving safety, and the existence of water membrane decreases the friction on the road surface as well as durability of the paving asphalt. The above phenomena is found connecting with the Open-Graded Friction Course(OGFC) , the property of aggregate , the property of asphalt, oil-content , quantity of Tack Coat and construction factors . By now the surface of highways in Taiwan is paved with 1.5 cm Open-Graded Friction Course, but it doesn’t seem to have much effect on that . To improve what we mentioned above , this research is to find out the best composition of the Open-Graded Friction Course . It is based upon the grade (nominal size 3/8”) adopted by National Expressway Engineering Bureau , and we use AC-20 asphalt or a better one, the lower flat and elongated rate of crushed stones which are selected by centrifugal force with the lime as anti-stripping agent.
    The design of Open-Graded Friction Course in this research includes the best match between the oil-content and mixed temperature . We use testing objects produced by SGC under a series of experiments of letting water-through , being worn out , peeled off , anti-slippery and ruts , and then engage in the mechanics experiment such as the Resilient Modulus , Indirect Tension and Creep . At last, we evaluate the results by simulating the durability and anti-aging of Open-Graded Friction Course in ultraviolet-rays dryer .
    After analyzing the results of all experiments, it shows that the Open-Graded Friction Course composed with high quality asphalt , low flat and elongated rate of crushed stones which are selected by centrifugal force added with lime or contented with more CaO of BOF slag is much better than the traditional one in results that declare to improve efficiently the situation we have in highways.
    Table of Content 目錄……………………………………………….…………..Ⅰ
    圖目錄………………………………………………………...Ⅵ
    表目錄………………………..……………………………….Ⅹ
    第一章 緒論1
    1.1前言1
    1.2研究動機1
    1.3研究目的與重要性2
    1.4預期研究目標3
    第二章 文獻回顧4
    2.1瀝青膠泥之基本性質4
    2.1.1感溫性4
    2.1.2黏滯度4
    2.1.3韌性5
    2.1.4瀝青材料試驗資料圖6
    2.1.5老化特性7
    2.2瀝青膠泥流變行為8
    2.2.1瀝青膠泥流動行為8
    2.2.2瀝青膠泥黏彈性行為10
    2.2.3黏彈力學模式13
    2.2.4潛變分析14
    2.2.5 影響瀝青混凝土潛變之因素17
    2.3改質瀝青18
    2.3.1改質瀝青的特性19
    2.3.2改質瀝青的分類與性質19
    2.4粒料之基本性質23
    2.4.1粒料來源23
    2.4.2粒料特性25
    2.4.3粒料級配25
    2.5瀝青混凝土路面損壞類型及成因26
    2.6瀝青混凝土之種類及其結構28
    2.6.1開放級配瀝青混凝土29
    2.6.2密級配瀝青凝土30
    2.6.3 SMA瀝青混凝土30
    2.6.4多孔性瀝青混凝土31
    2.7開放級配瀝青混凝土之設計機理31
    2.7.1粒料與級配31
    2.7.2瀝青膠泥33
    2.7.3礦物性纖維33
    2.7.4礦物填充料34
    2.8開放級配瀝青摩擦層之評估方法36
    第三章 試驗計畫與流程38
    3.1試驗材料38
    3.1.1粒料與級配38
    3.1.2瀝青膠泥38
    3.1.3填充料39
    3.2試驗流程與試驗項目39
    3.2.1試驗流程39
    3.2.2試驗項目39
    3.3瀝青膠泥基本物性試驗41
    3.3.1針入度試驗41
    3.3.2黏滯度試驗42
    3.3.3軟化點試驗43
    3.3.4韌性試驗44
    3.3.5流變性質試驗45
    3.4粒料性質試驗46
    3.4.1比重試驗46
    3.4.2洛杉磯磨損試驗47
    3.4.3健性試驗48
    3.4.4扁平率試驗與稜角率試驗48
    3.4.5岩性分析試驗50
    3.5開放級配瀝青混凝土配合設計試驗51
    3.5.1最適含油量設計─近似瀝青比(ABR)51
    3.5.2最佳拌和溫度設計─瀝青垂流試驗52
    3.6試驗組別配置54
    3.7超級鋪面迴旋剪力壓實機之試體製作54
    3.8開放級配瀝青混凝土成效試驗55
    3.8.1透水性試驗55
    3.8.2 Cantabria磨耗試驗59
    3.8.3回彈模數試驗60
    3.8.4.間接張力試驗63
    3.8.5潛變試驗64
    3.9開放級配瀝青混凝土水分敏感度試驗66
    3.9.1剝脫抗壓試驗66
    3.9.2浸水抽氣試驗67
    3.10紫外線老化試驗68
    3.11車轍輪跡試驗70
    3.12抗滑性試驗73
    3.13過壓密試驗74
    第四章 試驗結果分析76
    4.1瀝青膠泥物理性質試驗結果76
    4.2瀝青膠泥流變行為試驗結果分析77
    4.2.1流動模式分析77
    4.2.2潛變模式分析80
    4.2.3動態模式掃描分析80
    4.3粒料物理性質試驗結果89
    4.4開放級配瀝青混凝土配合設計結果91
    4.4.1最適含油量設計─近似瀝青比(ABR)92
    4.4.2最佳拌和溫度設計─瀝青垂流試驗92
    4.5開放級配瀝青混凝土成效試驗結果分析94
    4.5.1透水性試驗94
    4.5.2Cantabria磨耗試驗96
    4.5.3回彈模數試驗98
    4.5.4間接張力試驗102
    4.5.5潛變試驗107
    4.6開放級配瀝青混凝土水分敏感度分析111
    4.6.1剝脫抗壓試驗111
    4.6.2浸水抽氣試驗113
    4.7紫外線老化試驗118
    4.8抗滑度試驗123
    4.9車轍輪跡試驗126
    4.10過壓密試驗127
    第五章 結論與建議130
    5.1結論130
    5.2建議133
    參考文獻135
    附錄一 我國及美國改質瀝青規範142
    1.1 CNS14184聚合物改質柏油142
    1.2 ASTM改質二型瀝青膠泥(SBR)標準分類143
    1.3 ASTM改質三型瀝青膠泥(EVA)標準分類144
    1.4 ASTM改質四型瀝青膠泥(SBS)標準分類145
    附錄二 開放級配瀝青混凝土單價分析146
    附錄三 工地現場透水係數之量測148
    附錄四 美國各州實行開放級配瀝青摩擦層情況調查151
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    Advisor
  • Jyh-Dong Lin(林志棟)
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