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Student Number 80122007
Author Rui-Nan Yan(顏瑞男)
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Department Graduate Institute of Philosophy
Year 1993
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Title
Date of Defense 0000-00-00
Page Count 0
Keyword

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Abstract This paper about Wittgenstein's picture-theory is restricted to his early work Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. The proposition is a picture of reality. The proposition describes reality. In order to do that, the picture-theory must interpret the essence of description, and at the same time the essence of reality will be given, too. Those will be done when the symmertrical relations between the propositions and reality are revealed.
There'll be the following three goals in his paper lintend to finish. First of all, how the proposition acquires its meaning.Secondly, how Wittgenstein constructed his metaphisical system. And finally, in order to satisfy the one-to-one correspondence relationship of the picture-theory, it's unavoidable to face some troublesome questions about logical constants, properties and relations. I will try to offer the reasonable answer, at least the possible way of solving these questions.
Table of Content 第一章 導論
第一節 語言的批判 1
第二節 命題和實在的關係 3
第三節 命題和思想的關係 4
第四節 完構的語言 6
第五節 結語 8
第二章 對象和名字
第一節 羅素的確定描述詞 13
第二節 對象的存在論征 15
第三節 單純的對象 18
第四節 結語 19
第三章 原子事實和基本命題
第一節 原子事實和基本命題 20
第二節 基本命題的非經驗性 24
第三節 對象和事實 26
第四節 世界 28
第五節 結語 29
第四章 圖像論
第一節 圖像論的建立 30
第二節 圖像關係和圖像形式 33
第三節 邏輯形式和一般形式 39
第四節 同構性 45
第五節 新命題如何被了解 48
第六節 假命題如何具有意義 49
第七節 結語 52
第五章 圖像論的對應關係
第一節 邏輯連詞 53
第二節 關於aRb 60
第三節 性質和關係 63
第四節 實體的對象和日常的對象 71
第五節 結語 75
第六章 結論
第一節 基本命題獨立性的難題 78
第二節 對象語言和後設語言 80
第三節 結語 82
(參考書目) 84
Reference 一、專著
Notes on Logic, in NB
Notes Dictated to G.E.Moore in Norway, in NB
Notebooks 1914-1916, ed., G.E.M. Anscombe and G.H. von Wright with a English translation by G.E.M. Anscombe (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1961)
Tractatus Logical-Philosophicus, trans. D.F.Pears and B.F.McGuinness (London and Henley: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd., 1961; 1974 paperback edition; Reprinted 1981; Original German edition appeared in 1921)
Some Remarks on Logical Form"in Essays on Wittgenstein's Tractatus, ed. by lrving M.Copi and Robert W.Beard (New York:The Macmillan Company, 1965)
The Blue and Brown Books(New York:Harper and Row, Publishers, 1965)
Philosophical Investigation, trans. G.E.M. Anscombe (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1974)
二、英文參考書目
Anscombe., G.E.M. An Introduction to Wittgenstein's Tractatus (London:Hutchinson, 1959)
Apel, Karl Otto. Towards a Transformation of Philosophy, trans., by Glyn Adey and David Frisby (Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd.1980)
Ayer, A.J.Wittgenstein (New York: Random House, Inc., 1985)
Block, Iring, ed. Perspective on The Philosophy of Wittgenstein (Oxford:Basil Blackwell, 1981)
Bradley, F.H. Appearance and Reality (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1978)
Copi , Irving M., and BEard Robert W., ed. Essays on Wittgenstein's Tractatus (New York: The Macmillan company, 1965)
Fann, K.T. Wittgenstein's Conception of Philosophy (Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1969)
Findlay, J.N. Wittgenstein : a Critique (Routledge & Kegan Paul 1984)
Forgelin, Robert J. Wittgenstein (New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul 1987)
Frege, Gottlob The Foundation of Arithmetic, trans.J.L.Austin (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1956)
Grayling, A.C. Wittgenstein (Oxfod: Oxfod University Press, 1988)
Griffin , James. Wittgenstein's Logical Atomism (Oxford University Press, 1964)
Hacker, P.M.S. Insight and Illusion (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986)
Haller , Rudolf. Questions on Wittgensteiin (University of Nebraska Press, 1988)
Harrison, Bernard. An Introduction to The Philosophy of Language (London: The Macmillan Press Ltd., 1979)
Hertz, Heinrich. The Principle of Mechanics, trans., D.E.Jones and J.T.Walley (London: Macmillam, 1899)
Hintikka, Merrill B., and Hintikka, Jaakko, Investigating Wittgenstein (Oxford:Basil Blackwell, 1986)
Janik, Allan, and Toulmin , Stephen, Wittgenstein's Vienna (New York: Simon and Schuster, Inc. 1973)
Johannessen, Kjell S., and Nordenstam, Tore, ed. Aesthetics and Transcendental Philosophy (Vienna : Holder-Pichler-Tempsky, 1981)
Jones, W.T. The Twentieth Century to Wittgenstein and Sartre, (Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publisher)
Kenny, A.J.P.Wittgenstein (London: The Penguin Press, 1973)
O'Connor, D.J., and Carr, Brian. Introduction to the Theory of Knowledge (The Harvester Press, 1982)
Malcolm, Norman. Ludwig Wittgenstein : A Memoir (Oxford University Press, 1984)
McGuinness, Brain, ed. Wittgenstein and Vienna Circle, trans., by Joachin Schulte and Brain McGuinness (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1979)
Mounce, H.O.Wittgenstein's Tractatus (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1990)
Munitz, M.K.Contemporary Analytic Ptilosophy (New York: Macmillam Publishing Co Inc., 1981)
Naess, Arne. Four Modern Philosophers, trans., by Alastair Hannay (Norwegian Moderne Filosofer, 1968.)(台北:虹橋書局影印本,中華民國五十九年。)
Pears, David. Ludwig Wittgenstein (New York: Penguins Books, 1977)
Peterson, Donald. Wittgenstein's Early Philosophy (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1990)
Pitcher , Geoge. The Philosophy of Wittgenstein (Englewood Cliff, N.J.: Perntice-Hall, Inc., 1964)
Russell, Bertrand. An Outline of Philosophy (N.J.: Humanities Press, Inc., 1972)
Schulte, Joachim. Wittgenstein : An Introduction, trans., by William H. Brenner and John F. Holley (Albany : State University of new York Press , 1992)
Stenius, Eric. Wittgenstein's Tractatus (Oxford : Basil Blackwell, 1960)
Ting, Fu Ning. Wittgensteiin's Descriptive Method (Hong Kong: Caritas Printing Training Centre, 1989)
von Wright , G. H., ed. Letterto Russell, Keynes and Moore (Oxford : Basil Blackwell, 1974)
Winch, Peter, ed. Studies in the Philosophy of Wittgenstein (New York: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1969)
Wollheim, Richard.F.H.Bradley (Penguin Books Ltd, 1959)
三、英文參考文章
Allaire, Edwin B."The Tractatus' : Nominalistic or Realistic?" in EWT.
Anscombe , G.E.M. " Mr. Copi on Objects , Properties and Relations in the Tractatus' "in EWT.
Bernstein, Richard. " Wittgenstein's Three Languages" in EWT.
Black, Max. "Some Problems Connected with Language" in EWT.
Copi , Irving M. "Objects , Properties and Relations in the Tractatus' "in EWT.
Evans, Ellis." 'Tractatus' 3.1432"in EWT.
Evans, Ellis."About'aRb'"in EWT.
Hacker, P.M.S. "The Rise And Fall of The Picture Theory"in PPW.
Ishiguro, Hide. "Use and Reference of Names"in SPT.
Lshiguro, Hide."Wittgenstein and the Theory of Types"in SPT.
Jue , Jien-ming. " The Sayable and The Unsayable in Wittgenstein's Tractatus "Journal of Humanities East/West, Vol.5 June, 1987 National Central University.
Kenny, Anthony. "Wittgenstein's early Philosophy of Mind" in PPW.
Keyt, David. "Wittgenstein's Notion of an Object"in EWT.
Keyt, David. "Wittgenstein's Picture Theory of Language" in EWT.
Klemke, E.D."Blanshard's Criticisms of Wittgenstein's Tractatus" in The Personalist, Vol.60,no.3,July 1979.
Laguna, Theodore De. "Review of Tractatus' "in EWT.
McGuinness , B.F. " Pictures and form in Wittgenstein's Tractatus' "in EWT.
McGuinness , B.F. "The So-called Realism of Wittgenstein's Tractatus"in PPW.
Moore, Willis. "Structure in Stentence"in EWT.
O'Shaughnessy, Enda. "The Picture Theory of Meaning" in EWT.
Ramsey, Frank P."Review of Tractatus" in ETW.
Rhees , R. " Miss Anscombe on The Tractatus " in The Philosophical Quarterly, Vol.10,no.38,January 1960.
Rhess, R. "Ontology and Identity in The Tractatus: A Propos of Black's Companion"in SPW.
Ryle, Gilbert. "Ludwig Wittgenstein" in EWT.
Schwyzer, H.R.G."Wittgenstein's Picture-Theory of Language" in ETW.
Sellar s, Wilfrrid. "Naming and Saying"in EWT.
Stenius , Eric. "The Picture Theory and wittgenstein's Latter attitude to it" in PPW.
Stenius, Eric."Wittgenstein's Picture-Theory"in ETW.
Stock, Guy. "Negation :Bradley and Wittgenstein:in Philosophy Vol 60,no 234, October 1985.
Thomson, Judith Jarvis. "Professor Stenius on the Tractatus'"in EWT.
Weinberg, Julius R. "Are There Ultimate Simple? "inEWT.
Wisdom, John."Logical Constructions (1)"in EWT.
四、中文參考書目
維根斯坦著,牟宗三譯《名理論》(台北:學生書局,中華民國七十六年)
維根斯坦著,張申府譯《名理論》(北京大學出版社,1988年。)
維根斯坦著,郭英譯《邏輯哲學論》(台北:唐山出版社,中華民國七十八年)
陳榮波著《哲學分析的天才:維根斯坦》(台北:允晨文化實業股份有限公司,中華民國七十一年)
波爾森著,陳榮波譯《維根斯坦》(台北:時報出版公司,中華民國七十二年)
黃慶明著《知識論講義》(台北:鵝湖出版社,中華民國八十年)
亞斯頓著,何秀煌譯《語言的哲學》(台北:三民書局,中華民國七十六年)
涂紀亮主編《語言哲學名著選讀》(北京:三聯書店,1986年。)
趙敦華著,《維特根斯坦》(台北:遠流出版公司,中華民國七十九年。)
艾耶爾著,陳衛平譯《羅素》(台北:允晨文化實業股份有限公司,中華民國七十一年)
艾耶爾著,李步樓、俞宣孟、苑利均等譯《二十世紀哲學》(上海:上海譯文出版社,1987)
懷特著,杜任之主譯《分析的時代》(台北:谷風出版社,中華民國七十五年)
施太格謬勒著,《當代哲學主流》(台北:仰哲出版社,中華民國七十七年)
范光隸著,胡基峻譯《韋根什坦底哲學概念》(台北:黎明文化事業公司)
穆尼茲著,吳牟人.張汝倫.黃勇譯《當代分析哲學》(上海:復旦大學出版社,1986)
吳定達編譯,《符號邏輯入門》(台北:水牛圖書出版事業有限公司,中華民國七十六年)
艾耶爾著,陳少鳴.王石金譯《哲學中的變革》(台北:谷風出版社,中華民國七十六年)
梁俐玲著,《魁奇的維根斯坦式詭論》,國立中央大學哲學研究所,中華民國八十一年碩士論文。
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  • (朱建民)
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