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Student Number 79122004
Author Zhong-Bin Yang(楊忠斌)
Author's Email Address No Public.
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Department Graduate Institute of Philosophy
Year 1993
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Date of Defense 0000-00-00
Page Count 0

No Any Keyword Information.

Abstract According to Langer, an aesthetician should elucidate the artistic terminology. So she analyzed mcticulously such important terminology like: express、creation、import、intuiation、semblance、feeling、form. The whole analysis directed towards "symbols", which are exactly the privotal idea of Langer's aesthetics. following Cassirer, Langer held that art is human symbol activity and is human feeling expressed in symbol. Besides languages, she thought that art also has its meanings and logic. She called the former "discursive symbol", the latter "presentational symbol". Langer took wittgenstein's "logical picture theory" to help elucidate her logic: Because language and the reality have their common logical form, languages thus can depict the reality. So is art. How it can express human emotions is because it shares the same logical form with them. The "presentational symbol" is grounded logically on the "isomophism" Furthermore, Langer had proposed 3 criteria so as to discriminate the two symbols:
1.Art presents its elements in a simultaneously way, which languages does in a successive way.
2.Languages have their fixed vocabulary and grammar. They can be translate and can communicate generality. But it is not the case with art.
3.Languages have denotation and connotation, art just only has connotation.
The demonstrations of these three criteria constiture Langer's "semantics of art".
This dissertation is of two parts. The first part is the introduction of Langer's Symbolism of Art, and on the premise of which, some key points concerning symbols are being redefined. Starting by telling signals from symbols, we go further into the distinction between discursive symbol and presentational symbol. In the 4th section, we come to the subject matter of Symbolism of Art. The second part is about the criticisms and the reflections of Langer's Symbolism of Art. The work is aimed at the logic and the semantics regarding symbols. First we clarify a possible out the difficulties which will likely appear of Langer's theory. We also explore the semantics part in her theory. The 3 criteria which differentiate languages froma rt are being explored as well in the second part. After considering the above mentioned and examinating Langer's own revision, the conclusion is drawn at last.
Table of Content 第一章 導論 1
第一節 研究範圍與主旨 1
第二節 問題的提出 4
【註釋】 8
第二章 論述性符號與呈顯性符號-朗格的藝術符號論 15
第一節 前言 15
第二節 信號與符號 16
第三節 論述性符號與呈顯性符號 20
(3.1) 語言與藝術的根源 20
(3.2) 語言與藝術的區別 24
第四節 藝術的符號論 30
(4.1) 創造 30
(4.2) 形式 32
4.21 抽象與假像 32
4.22 有意義的形式與情感的形式 36
(4.3) 意味 39
【註釋】 44
第三章 對朗格符號論的批評與反省 54
第一節 前言 54
第二節 兩種符號的混淆-藝術符號與藝術「中」符號 56
第三節 呈顯性符號的邏輯基礎及其問題 62
(3.1) 「邏輯圖像說」模式 62
(3.2) 「邏輯圖像說」模式的問題 67
3.21 「對應」問題 67
3.22 「同構」問題 69
第四節 論述性符號與呈顯性符號之區別---藝術符號的語意學及其問題 73
(4.1) 「連續性地」與「並時性地」 73
4.11 符號的結構 74
4.12 對符號的認識 77
(4.2) 語言的特性與藝術的特性 79
(4.3) 「外延」與「內涵」的問題 85
4.31 反對「藝術品是符號」的觀點 85
4.32 支持「藝術品是符號」的觀點 90
第五節 從「符號」到「表現性形式」 93
【註釋】 98
第四章 結論 109
§1. 重點回顧 109
§2. 研究成果與限制 111
【註釋】 115
Reference 一 西文參考書目
(A) 專書
Allen, Ronald James. Feeling and Form in Exegesis and Preaching: AnEssay in Hermeneutics and Homiletics Based on the Philosophy of Art of Susame K. Langer. Ph.D. , Drew University, 1977.
Beardsley, Monore C. Aesthetics---Form Classical Greece to the Present,trans.by Stephen Mckenna.(Pantheon Books, a Pivision of Random House, Inc., New York, and Faber Led., London)
Bufford, S.L. Susanne K. Langer's Two Theories of Art. Ph.D., The University of Texas at Austin, 1969.
Cassirer, Ernst. An Essay on Man. New Haven: Yale University Press, Second Printing, May 1962.
Feder, Maureen. The Semblance of Self: A Critique of Susanne Langer's Expressionist Aesthetics. Ph.D., New York University, 1980.
Gagnon, S.S.A., Sister Lorraine Marie. An Aralysis and Evaluation of The Role of Symbol and Semblance in the Philosophy of Art of Susanne K.Langer. Ph.D.,University of Notre Dame, 1971.
Hagberg, Garry Lyn. Mind and Meaning in Aesthetics: A Critical Discussion of Theories of Expression and he Analogy Between Art and Language. Ph.D., University of Oregon, 1982.
Hospers, John. Meaning and Truth in the Arts. Hamden, Connecticut: Artchon Books, 1964.
Langer, Susanne K.Philosophy in a new key. Cambridge, Massachusetts;Havard University Press,3rd ed.,1969,1st ed.,1942.
_.Feeling and Form.New York:Charles Scribners Son,1953.
_.Problem of Art.New York:Charles Scribners Sons,1957.
Liddy, Richard Michael. Art and Feeling: An Analysis and Critique of the Philosophy of Art of Susame K.Langer. Ph.D., Pontifica Universitas Gregoriana, 1970.
Light, Lissa Wallace. Formalism, Expression Theory, and the Aesthetics of Susanne Langer. Ph.D., State University of New York at Buffalo, 1980.
Rader, Melvin(ed.). A Modern Book of Esthetics. 3d ed. New York:Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1964.
Weitz, Morris. Philosophy of the Arts. New York: Russell and Russell, 1964.
Wittgenstein, Ludwig. Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus. Translated by D.F. Pears and B.F. Mcguinness. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul Ltd., Reprinted 1993.
Ballard, Edward G. "In Defense of Symbolic Aesthetics, "The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, XII( September, 1953 ), pp.38-43.
Berndtson, Arthur. "Semblance, Symbol, and Expression in the Aesthetics of Susanne Langer, "The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, XII(June, 1956), pp.489-502.
bertocci, Peter A. "Susanne K. Langer's Theory of Feeling and Mind, " The Review of Metaphysics, XXIII(March, 1970), pp.527-551.
Blum, Fred. Book Review of Refiections on Art edited by Susanne X. Langer (Baltimore, 1958), Notes (Music Library Association), XVI(2d Ser), No.3(1959), pp.391-393.
Carter,Curtis L."Langer and Hafstandter on Painting and Language : A Critique", The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism,Vol.32(1974),pp.330-345.
Donto, Arthur C. "Mind as Feeling; Form as Presence; Langer as Philosopher" , The Journal of Philosophy, Vol.LXXXI, No.11(November, 1984),pp.641-647.
Dorfles, Gillo. "Communication and Symbol in the Work of Art." The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, XV (March, 1957), PP.289-297.
Elder, Walter. "This May Be the Book," The Kenvon Review, XV (1953), PP.386-397.
Fingesten, Peter. "The Six-Fold Law of Symbolism,"The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, XXI (Summer, 1963), PP.387-397.
Fryc, Northrop. "Art in a New Modulation," The Hudson Review, VI (Summer, 1953), PP.313-317.
Hansen, Forest. "Langer's Expressive Form: An Interpretation," The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, XXVII (Winter, 1968), PP.165-170.
Herlbutt, R.H. Book Review of Problems of Art by Susanne K. Langer (New York, 1957), The Arizona Ouarterly, XIV (1958), PP.369-372.
Lang, Berel. "Bosanquet's Aesthetic: A History and Philosophy of the Symbol," The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, XXVI (Spring, 1968), PP.377-387.
----. "The Form of Aesthetics," The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, XXVII (Fall, 1968), PP.35-47.
----. "Langer's Arabesque and the Collapse of the Symbol," The Review of Metaphysics, XVI(December, 1962), PP.349-365.
Macdonald, Margaret. "Critical Notice: Feeling and Form," Mind,LXIV(1955), PP.549-553.
Margolis, Joseph. Book Review of Feeling and Form by Susanne K. Langer (New York,1953) . The Journal of Philosophy, LII(May26, 1955), PP.291-296.
Morawski, Stefan. "Art as Semblance", The Journal of philosophy, Vol.81 (November, 1984),PP.654-663.
Morris, Charles W. Book Review of Language and Myth by Ernst Cassirer (New York, 1946), The Philosohical Review, LVI(May, 1947), P.335.
Nagel, Ernest. Bool Review of Philosophy in a New Key by Susanne K. Langer (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1942), The Journal of Philosophy, XL (June10, 1943), PP.323-329. This Article is Reprinted in Logic Without Metaphysics by Ernest Nagel (Glencoe, Illinois, 1956) , PP>353-360.
Oesterle, John A. Book Review of Problems of Art by Susanne K. Langer (New York, 1957) , The New Scholasticism, XXXII (October, 1958), PP.518-523.
Parker, Dewitt H. Book Review of Philosophy in a New Key by Susanne K. Langer (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1942). The Philosophical Review, LII(May, 1943), PP.306-307.
Price, Kingsley Blake. Book Review of Reflections on Art edited by Susanne K. Langer (Baltimore, 1958), Modern Language Notes, LXXV (December, 1960), PP.699-703.
-. "Is a Work of Art a Symbol?" The Journal of Philosophy, L(July 30, 1953), PP.485-503.
-."The Work of Art and the Postures of the Mind", The Review of Metaphysics, XII (June, 1959) , PP.540-569.
Rader, Melvin, Book Review of Feeling and Form by Susanne K. Langer (New York, 1953), The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, XII(March, 1954), PP.396-398.
-. Book Review of Mind: An Essay on Human Feeling by Susanne K. Langer (Baltimore, 1967). The Journal of Aesthetics and Criticism,XXVI (Summer, 1968), PP.543-545.
----. Book Review of Philosophy in a New Key by Susanne K. Langer, 3d ed. (Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1957), and of Problems of Art by Susanne K. Langer (New York, 1957), The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, XVI (December, 1957), PP.269-270.
Ronald B. De Sousa. "Teleology and the Great Shift" The Journal of Philosophy, Vol.LXXXI, No.11 (Novermber, 1984), PP.647-653.
Rudner, Richard. "On Semiotic Aesthetics," The Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism, X (September, 1951), PP.67-77.
Slattery, Sister Mary Francis. "Looking Again at Susanne Langer's Expressionism" , The British Journal of Aesthetics, Vol.27, No.3(Summer, 1987), PP.247-258.
Weitz, Morris. "Symboliem and Art," The review of Metaphysics, VII (March, 1954), PP.466-481.
Welsh, Paul. Book Review of Philosophical Sketches by Susanne K. Langer (Baltimore, 1962), The Philosophical Review, LXXIII(July, 1964), PP.422-424.
-."Discursive and Presentational Symbols,"Mind, LXIV (1955), PP.181-199.
二 中文參考書目
A 專書
卡西勒(Ernst Cassirer)著。甘陽譯。《人論-人類文化哲學導引》。台北:桂冠圖書公司。一九九○年二月。
杜夫海納(Mikel Dufrenne)著。《美學與哲學》。孫非譯。五洲出版社。民國七十六年八月。
沙特(Jean-Paul Sartre)著。《想像心理學》。李一鳴譯。台北:結構群出版社。民國七十九年。
亞斯頓(William P. Alston)著。《語言的哲學》。何秀煌譯。台北:三民書局。民國七十六年。六版。
波爾森(C.A. Van Peursen)著。陳榮波譯著。《語言迷宮的響導-維根斯坦》。台北:時報文化出版事業有限公司。民國七十二年初版。
朗格(S.K. Langer)著。《情感與形式》。劉大基、周發祥、傳志強合譯。大陸:中國社會科學出版社。一九八六年。
席勒(Schiller, Friedrich)著。《審美教育書簡》。馮至、范大燦譯。台北:淑馨出版社。民國七十八年。
B 期刊
查理.莫里斯著。<科學、藝術和技藝>。Melvin Rader編。孫越生、陸海林、程代熙等譯。《現代美學文論選》。北京:文化藝術出版社。一九八八年十二月。一版。
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