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Student Number 79122001
Author Yuan-Quan Zhang(張源泉)
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Department Graduate Institute of Philosophy
Year 1993
Semester 2
Degree Master
Type of Document Master's Thesis
Language zh-TW.Big5 Chinese
Date of Defense 0000-00-00
Page Count 0

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Abstract The aim of this thesis is to elaborate on Edmund Husserl's philosophical ideal of "rigorous science,"and by this way to investigate how his philosophy developed between his early work<Philosophie der Arithmethik>>and a latcr word <Ideas:General Introduction to Pure Phenomenology>>.
According to Husserl,"rigorous science" is a presuppositionless philosophy, which by seeking real genesis or origin serves as the basis of universal sciences.
In <Philosophie der Arithmethik>>,Husserl takes mathematics as a rigorous science. At this early stage, Husserl holds the opinion that if get a solid basis. Afterwards, in <Logical Investigations>>, because of his idea of rigorous science, Husserl gives up the naive approach of the origin from a perspective of psychology. He contemplates the reasonableness of the approach in a more profound way and expands his research into the field of logic.
However,in <Logical Investigations>>,Husserl's standpoint of realism, which may make the evident consciousness become psychological consiousness, causes a problem. Insisting on an ideal of rigorous science, Husserl cannnot but creates a transcendental turn. Through phenomenological reduction, transcenden-tal consciousness replaces evident consciousness, and direct presentation of concrete things is presented in consciousness as phenomenon. Therefore, the thingself is the intended object which gets involved directly with consciousness. Thus, in phenomenology, to describe and analyze the intentional experience is to analyze the essence strcture in which consciousness presents this given fact.
According to Aron Gurwitsch's interpretation,we take perception as the basic mode of intentional experience and as the origin from which we describe and analyze the essence structure of consciousness. However, because of the one-sidedness of perception, each perception, even with directly apprehension of the perceived object, is neither complete nor sufficient. Husserl explained the rela-tionship between perception and the perceived object with two concepts"noema" and "meaning".At last, in order to understand the content of "noema", we have to center Husserl's discussion about the 「life-world」.
Table of Content 凡例 V
導論 1
註釋 6
第一章 哲學的新起點 7
第一節 彌爾的邏輯心理主義 7
第二節 心理主義與胡塞爾 10
§1.心理主義時期的胡塞爾 11
§2.胡塞爾對心理主義的批判 16
§3.「純粹邏輯」的構想 20
第三節 嚴格科學的企求 22
§1.無預設的哲學 23
§2.回到事物本身 25
第四節 結論 31
註釋 33
第二章 哲學在尋求成為嚴格科學路上的岐途 37
第一節 自然主義哲學 38
§1.自然化之哲學 38
§2.胡塞爾對自然主義哲學的批判 40
第二節 歷史主義與世界觀哲學 44
§1.狄爾泰的歷史主義與世界觀哲學 44
§2.胡塞爾對歷史主義與世界觀哲學的批判 46
第三節 結論 48
註釋 50
第三章 嚴格科學的哲學之實現 51
第一節 科學的組成要素 51
§1.明証 53
§2.系統化 57
§3.小結 59
第二節 <<邏輯研究>>中對嚴格科學的建立 60
§1.認知活動的領域與結構 61
§2.感性直觀 70
§3.本質直觀 75
§4.範疇直觀 81
§5•小結 85
第三節 科學知識的成立 88
§1.<<邏輯研究>>遭遇的難題及超越轉向 88
§2.「所意」的內容 90
註釋 100
第四章 結語 102
註釋 103
參考文獻 106
Reference 一、胡塞爾的著作
1.<<Cartesian Meditation, An Introduction to Phenomenology>>,trans. by D, Cairns (Martinus Nijhoff, the Hague, 1982).
2.<<Formal and Transcendental Logic>>, trans. by D. Cairns (Martinus Nijhoff, the Hague, 1969).
3.<<Ideas Pertaining to a Pure Phenomenology and to a Phenom-enological Philosophy>>, first Book, trans. by F.Kersten (Martinus Nijhoff, the Hague, 1982).
4.<<Logical Investigation>>, trans. by J.N.Findlay (Human-ities Press, N.Y.,1970) from the 2nd German edition.
5.<<Philosophy as a Rigourous Science>>, trans. by Q.Lauer, in<<Phenomenology and the Crisis of Philosophy>> (Harper & Row, N.Y.,1965).
6.<<The Phenomenology of Internal Time-Consciousness>>, trans. by, J.S.Churchill(Indiana University Press, Bloomingtion, 1964).
7.<<The Idea of Phenomenology>>, trans. by W.P.Alston &G.Nakhnikian (Martinus Nijhoff, the Hague, 1964).
8.<<The Criesis of European Sciences and Transcendental Pheno-menology>>, trans. by D.Carr (Northwestern University Press, Evanston, 1970).
1.Ayer,A.J. :<<Language, Truth and Logic>>,Sigapore,Richard Clay, 1983.
2.Brentano, Fr.:<<The Distinction Between Mental and Physical Phenomena>>, in <<Realism and the Background of Phenomenology>>,ed. by R.M. Chiholm(The Free Press, N.Y. 1960).
3.Dreyfus, Hubert L.:<<Husserl's Perceptual Noema>> in HICS.
4.Follesdal,Dagfinn:<<Husserl's Notion of Noema>> in HICS
5.Farber,Marvin:<<The Aim of Phenomenology>>,New York,Harber & Row,1966.
6.Farber,Marvin:<<The Foundation of Phenomenology>>,Camb-rige,Harvard University Press, 1943.
7.Farber,Marvin:<The Ideal of a Presuppositionless Philoso-phy>, in<<Phenomenology, The Philosophy of Edmund Husserl and its Interpretation>>, Edited by Joseph J.Kockelmans, New York, Doubleday & Company, 1967.
8.Frege, Gottlob:<Review of Dr.E.Husserl's Philosophy of Arithme- tic>, trans. by E.W.Kluge, Mind, Vol. LXXXI, No.323,July,1972.
9.Frege,Gottloh:<On Concept and Object>, in <<Wrintings of Gottlob Frege>> ed by Peter Geach and Max Black, Oxford, Basil Blackwell, 1960. <on Sense and Reference> in <<Mcaning and Knowledge>> ed by Ernest Nagel and Richard B.Brandt, New York, Brace & Wored. 1965.
10.Gurwitsch,A.:<<Husserl Theory of the Intentionality of Conciousness>>, in <<Husserl's Intentionality and Cognitive Science>>, ed. by H.L.Dreyfus, Massachusets, The MIT Press, 1982.
11.Gurwitsch, A.:<<Studies in Phenomenology and Psychology>>, Evanston, Northwestern University Press, 1966.
12.Drumond,John J.:<<Huseerlian Intentionality and Non-Foundational Realism: Noema and Object>>,Boston,Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1990.
13.Levin, David Michael:<<Reason and Evidence in Husserl's Phenomenology>>, Evanston, Northwestern University Press, 1970.
14.Lauer, Quentin:<Introduction> in <<Phenomenology and the Crisis of Philosophy>>, New York, Harper & Row, 1965.
15.Mohanty,J.N.,:<<The Concept of Intentionality>>,(Warren H. Green, Inc., Miss, 1972).
16.Mohanty, J.N.:<Husserl's Concept of Intentionality>, in <<Analecta Husserlian>>, ed. by A. Tymieniecka, vol. 1 (D. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrccht-Holland, 1970).
17.Mohaty,J.N.:<Towards a Phenomenology of Self-evidence> in <<Exploration in Phenomenology>>ed. by David Cairns.
18.Mill, John Stuart:<<An Examination of Sir William Hamilt-on's Philosophy and of The Principle Philosophical Questi-ons Discussed in his Writings>>, Canada, University of Toronto Press, 1979.
19.Ricoeur, P.:<<Husserl, An Analysis of His Phenomenology>> trans. by E.G.Ballard & L.E. Embree (Northwestern University Press, Evanston, 1967).
20.Robert Sokolowski:<<The Formation of Husserl's Concept of Constitution>>, (The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff, 1970).
21.Smith, K.W. & Mclntyre, R.:<<Husserl and Intentionality: A Study of Mind, Meaning and Language>>,(d. Reidel Publishing Co., Dordrecht-Holland, 1982).
21.Spiegelberg. H.:<<The Phenomenological Movement: A Historical Introduction>>, (Martinus Nijhoff, the Hague, 1982).
2.哈里遜,G.R. :<<人類的前途>>,易家愿譯,台北,久大文化,1992.
3.威柏爾(Alfred Webber),柏雷(R.B.Perry)著:<<西洋哲學史>>,台北,文牛出版社,1989.
4.施太格繆勒(Wolfgang Stegmuller)著:<<當代哲學主流>>,台北,仰哲出版社,1989.
5.保羅.利科(Paul Ricoeur)主編。李幼蒸,徐奕春譯:<<哲學主要趨向>>,北京,商務印書館,1988.
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